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Effect of IVIG on Cerebral and Retinal Amyloid in Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03319810
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 24, 2017
Results First Posted : April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shawn Kile, M.D., Sutter Health

Brief Summary:
This is a proof of concept study to determine if changes in brain amyloid levels are evident three months after infusion of 0.4 g/kg of IVIG every 14 days x 5 infusions. Amyloid levels will be measured by Florbetapir PET and retinal scan.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mild Cognitive Impairment Biological: Octagam 10% Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study design:

This is a single center, open label, proof of concept, out-patient study. Subjects will undergo Florbetapir PET and have retinal amyloid levels measured, receive an infusion of IVIG at 0.4 g/kg every 14 days for a total of five infusions, and repeat PET and retinal amyloid measures three months after the first infusion.

Subject population:

The study population will consist of male and female subjects diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer disease (AD).

Estimated study duration:

The duration of each study subject is approximately 4 months, including one screening visit over a period of approximately 28 days, 5 days of infusions over a 2-month period of time, and a follow-up visit at 3 months after the first infusion.

Description of study drug:

Octagam is an FDA approved 10% human normal immunoglobulin solution ready for intravenous administration.

Study drug dosage:

The dose level of IVIG at 0.4 g/kg will be administered by IV infusion once every 14 days for two months.

Concomitant therapy:

Concomitant medications will be assessed at all study visits. Concomitant medications are prescribed or over-the-counter medications and should be consistent with the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Concomitant medication appropriate to the subject's condition may be prescribed during the course of the study with the exception of those listed above.

Routine vaccinations (i.e., flu vaccination) with commercially available therapeutics are permitted but must not be given within four weeks before or after the administration of the study drug.

Evaluations by visit:

Screening procedures at visit 1 will take place up to 28 days prior to Visit 2 (Day 1) dosing. Screening labs and assessments will be performed during the screening period. The first dose of study drug is administered on Day 1. Visits 2 through 6 have a ±1 day window and occur every 14 days over two months. The investigator will determine if a subject is suitable to continue following a missed infusion. Visit 7 has a ±7 day window.

All study screening data from Visit 1 including laboratory results must be reviewed for study eligibility prior to receiving first dose of study drug. Prior to infusion, a review of concomitant medications and AEs takes place. If the subject continues to be eligible for enrollment, the subject will be infused with study medication and will remain in the infusion clinic for at least 1 hour following the infusion for safety assessments on Visit 2 (Day 1), and 15 minutes for the subsequent visits.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a single center, open label, proof of concept, out-patient study.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Proof of Concept of the Effect of Intravenous Immunoglobulin on Cerebral and Retinal Amyloid in Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer Disease
Actual Study Start Date : January 4, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : July 19, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: infusion of IVIG Biological: Octagam 10%
FDA approved human normal immunoglobulin solution ready for intravenous administration




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Baseline Standard Uptake Ratio Values (SUVr) of Florbetapir PET at 3 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months ]
    Amyloid deposition in the brain is thought to lead to the development of cognitive decline and conversion to AD. Each participant's amyloid burden can also be quantified through the computation of a Standard Uptake Value ratio (SUVr).

  2. Change in Baseline Retinal Amyloid Imaging (RAI) at 3 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months ]
    This is a noninvasive imaging technique that can detect amyloid-beta deposition in the retinas of the eye.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 84 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 50 to <85 years.
  2. Evidence of amyloid pathology on Florbetapir PET at screening.
  3. Diagnosis of MCI due to AD based on NIA-AA criteria. (APPENDIX A)
  4. MRI brain (with past 24 months) which shows evidence of mild hippocampal atrophy and/or bilateral parietal atrophy.
  5. CDR score of 0.5
  6. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 24-30, inclusive.
  7. Rosen Modified Hachinski Ischemic score ≤4.
  8. Receiving stable doses of medication(s) for the treatment of non-excluded medical condition(s) for at least 30 days prior to screening. Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine are allowed if doses have stable been least 30 days prior to screening.
  9. Agree to refrain from participating in any treatment or clinical trial targeting amyloid for the duration of the study.
  10. Agree to refrain from taking any herbal supplement considered to enhance cognition unless approved by the investigator for the duration of the study.
  11. Ability to attend all clinical visits and have an informant capable of accompanying the subject on specific clinic visits.
  12. The subject's collaborative informant (support person) must be someone who has known the subject for at least 4 years and has had approximately 2 or more separate communications with the study participant per month (at least one of these communications in person).
  13. Fluency in English and evidence of adequate premorbid intellectual functioning.
  14. Adequate manual dexterity, visual, and auditory abilities to perform all aspects of the cognitive and functional assessments.
  15. Venous access suitable for repeated infusions and phlebotomy.
  16. In the opinion of the investigator, the subject and informant will be compliant and have a high probability of completing the study, including all scheduled evaluations and required tests.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has significant neurological disease other than MCI that in the opinion of the investigator may affect cognition.
  2. History of clinically evident stroke or history of clinically significant carotid or vertebrobasilar stenosis or plaque.
  3. History of seizures, excluding febrile seizures in childhood.
  4. History of screening visit brain MRI scan indicative of any other significant abnormality, including but not limited to multiple microhemorrhages (2 or more), history or evidence of a single prior hemorrhage > 1 cm3, multiple lacunar infarcts (2 or more) or evidence of a single prior infarct > 1 cm3, evidence of a cerebral contusion, encephalomalacia, aneurysms, vascular malformations, subdural hematoma, or space occupying lesions of significance as determined by the PI (e.g., arachnoid cysts or brain tumors such as meningioma).
  5. Brain MRI shows moderate or severe cortical or hippocampal atrophy.
  6. Sensitivity to Florbetapir.
  7. Other present/planned ionized radiation that, in combination with planned exposure to PET ligands for this study, would result in cumulative exposure that would exceed recommended limits.
  8. Ophthalmologic condition that would interfere with retinal amyloid imaging.
  9. Current presence of a clinically significant major psychiatric disorder (e.g., Major Depressive Disorder) according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR) or symptom (e.g., hallucinations) that in the opinion of the investigator could affect the subject's ability to complete the study.
  10. Current clinically significant systemic illness that is likely to result in deterioration of the subject's condition or affect the subject's safety during the study including but not limited to renal failure or myocardial infarction.
  11. History of cancer within the last 5 years, with the exception of nonmetastatic basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  12. Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic BP> 100 mmHg or systolic BP> 160 mmHg, sitting).
  13. History or evidence of any clinically significant autoimmune disease or disorder of the immune system (e.g., Crohn's Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis)
  14. Clinically significant infection within the last 30 days (e.g., chronic persistent or acute infection (eg, upper respiratory infection [URI], urinary tract infection [UTI]).
  15. Female subjects of childbearing potential.
  16. Other clinically significant abnormality on physical, neurological, laboratory, vital signs or ECG examination (e.g., atrial fibrillation) that could compromise the study or be detrimental to the subject.
  17. Weight greater than 120 kg (264 lbs).
  18. Excessive smoking defined as more than 20 cigarettes per day.
  19. History of alcohol or drug dependence or abuse as defined by DSM-IV criteria within the last 2 years.
  20. Severe liver or kidney disease verified by the PI review of ALT, AST and creatinine.
  21. Known coagulopathy, thrombosis, or low platelet count.
  22. Hemoglobin less than 11 g/dL.
  23. Known deficiency to IgA.
  24. Positive serology for Hepatitis B or C, or HIV.
  25. History of anti-amyloid treatment, immunotherapy, or other experimental treatment for MCI or Alzheimer disease.
  26. Concurrent use of anticholinergic drugs including diphenhydramine.
  27. Current use of anticoagulant medications (except the use of aspirin 325 mg/day or less, plavix, aggrenox, and persantine but not for stroke).
  28. Concurrent use of opioid pain relievers and related synthetic derivatives.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03319810


Locations
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United States, California
Sutter Neuroscience Medical Group
Sacramento, California, United States, 95816
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sutter Health
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shawn Kile, MD Sutter Health
Study Director: Carol Parise, PhD Sutter Health
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Shawn Kile, M.D., Sutter Health:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Shawn Kile, M.D., Principal Investigator, Sutter Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03319810    
Other Study ID Numbers: SIMR_Kile_IVIG POC
First Posted: October 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 16, 2019
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Shawn Kile, M.D., Sutter Health:
MCI, Alzheimer Disease, AD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Dysfunction
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Cognition Disorders
gamma-Globulins
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs