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Vitamin D and n-3 PUFAs to Prevent Chronic Pain Following Major Thermal Burn Injury

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03313076
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:
The goal of this study is to develop a safe, effective, and readily available treatment that will prevent chronic pain following Major Thermal Burn Injury (MThBI). Burn survivors are prone to develop chronic pain and there is an urgent unmet need for preventative treatments. The preventative treatments proposed for this study, Omega-3 Fatty Acids (O3FA) and Vitamin D have been selected given effectiveness across a range of painful musculoskeletal disorders and their wide availability and low cost. This study is a 2x2 factorial, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial test for the effectiveness of O3FA and Vitamin D to prevent chronic pain development. Burn survivors will be enrolled who have experienced thermal burns that cover less than 30% total body surface area that are severe enough to warrant surgical management, which represents the most common burn injury characteristics. Patients will be enrolled within 72 hours of their burn, and randomized via 1:1:1:1 allocation to receive placebo, O3FA, Vitamin D or both. We will obtain blood samples on enrollment and at 6 weeks to assist in elucidating key mechanisms by which O3FA and Vitamin D reduce chronic pain following MThBI. Chronic pain severity, assessed with a 0-10 numeric rating scale at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year will be entered into a repeated-measures model. Model estimated contrasts will serve as the primary outcome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Pain Following Thermal Burn Injury Drug: Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil) Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) placebo Drug: Omega-3 fatty acid placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Patients will be screened daily. Patients who meet eligibility criteria will be approached for participation. Patients interested in participating will proceed through informed consent. Once informed consent is obtained, an initial questionnaire will be administered, a blood draw will be performed to assess for baseline Vitamin D/O3FA concentration and immune profile. Then patients will be randomized into one of 4 treatment arms in 1:1:1:1 allocation. Patients will receive study drug for 6 weeks following burn injury. Adverse event monitoring will occur daily while inpatient and weekly once discharged from the hospital through 6 weeks. Patient compliance with the study drug will be assessed via patient-reported reported missing doses, pill counts at the end of the study, and a 6-week blood draw in which Vitamin D/O3FA levels and immune profile will be assessed. Patient-reported outcomes will be collected via follow-up survey at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year following burn injury.s, and 1 year following burn injury.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 2x2 Factorial design
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot, Double-blind, Randomized Controlled, Multi-center Study of the Effects of Fish Oil and Vitamin D in the Prevention of Chronic Pain Following Major Thermal Burn Injury
Actual Study Start Date : July 19, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: n-3 PUFA (O3FA) + Vitamin D3
4g fish oil in 4 softgels (n-3 PUFA/O3FA) + 2000 IU Vitamin D3 in 1 capsule
Drug: Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil)
4 capsules comprising approximately 2 grams of EPA/DHA in a 3:2 ratio (this will require a total dose of 4 grams of fish oil). This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks
Other Names:
  • Fish oil
  • n-3 fatty acids

Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
1 capsule containing 2000 IU of Vitamin D3. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Vitamin D3

Experimental: n-3 PUFA (O3FA) Placebo + Vitamin D3
4g of corn/soy oil blend in 4 softgels + 2000 IU Vitamin D3 in 1 capsule
Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)
1 capsule containing 2000 IU of Vitamin D3. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Cholecalciferol
  • Vitamin D3

Drug: Omega-3 fatty acid placebo
4g of corn/soy oil blend in 4 softgels. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Placebo, corn/soy oil soft gels
  • PUFA Matching Placebo

Experimental: n-3 PUFAs (O3FA) + Vitamin D3 Placebo
4g fish oil in 4 softgels (n-3 PUFA/O3FA) + Vitamin D3 matching Placebo, an inert white powder placebo in 1 capsule
Drug: Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil)
4 capsules comprising approximately 2 grams of EPA/DHA in a 3:2 ratio (this will require a total dose of 4 grams of fish oil). This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks
Other Names:
  • Fish oil
  • n-3 fatty acids

Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) placebo
1 capsule containing inert substance. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Placebo, inert white powder
  • Vitamin D3 Matching Placebo

Placebo Comparator: n-3 PUFA (O3FA) Placebo + Vitamin D3 Placebo
4g n-3 PUFA/O3FA Matching Placebo, a corn/soy oil blend in 4 softgels + inert white powder Vitamin D3 matching placebo in 1 capsule
Drug: Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) placebo
1 capsule containing inert substance. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Placebo, inert white powder
  • Vitamin D3 Matching Placebo

Drug: Omega-3 fatty acid placebo
4g of corn/soy oil blend in 4 softgels. This will be administered daily, by mouth for 6 weeks following enrollment.
Other Names:
  • Placebo, corn/soy oil soft gels
  • PUFA Matching Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Qualitative review of treatment related adverse events. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following burn injury ]
    A primary objective of this pilot study is to ensure safety of both treatments as well as combined. A qualitative review of treatment related adverse events will be performed and a determination about the degree of relatedness of each adverse event with the intervention using CTCAE criteria will be made.

  2. Percent of participants who are compliant with follow-up (Feasibility). [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The primary objective of this pilot study is to ensure that the investigators are able to make follow-up assessments on a majority of participants. The percent of participants who are compliant with follow-up will be determined over the year following major burn injury. >80% of enrolled participants at 6 weeks following MThBI.

  3. By group efficacy estimates over year following thermal burn injury. [ Time Frame: Over 1 year following MThBI ]
    Estimates of efficacy will be obtained via repeated measures analysis of pain severity over the 1 year following injury using mixed effects models. Pain will be assessed using a 0-10 numeric rating scale with 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating pain as severe as you can imagine. Higher scores represent worse outcome. These values (collected in identical fashion over 1 year following burn injury) will be entered into a linear mixed model, and overall effect estimates (beta coefficients) among groups will be determined.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sex differences in treatment response based on pain scores [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following burn injury ]
    Examines existence of gender-based treatment response differences in pain severity measured by a 0-10 numeric rating scale where 0 is no pain and 10 is the most severe pain. Higher scores reflect greater pain (poor outcome).

  2. General mental health by treatment group measured by the SF-12 general mental health component scores [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following burn injury ]
    Assessment of mental health will be determined by the SF-12 mental component score. The SF-12 Health Survey is a 12 item participant completed questionnaire to measure general health. It includes a mental component score (MCS): ranging from 0 to 100 points. Low values represent a poor health state and high values represent a good mental health.

  3. General physical health by treatment group measured by the SF-12 general physical health component scores [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following burn injury ]
    Assessment of physical health will be determined by the SF-12 physical component score. The SF-12 Health Survey is a 12 item participant completed questionnaire to measure general health. It includes a physical component score (PCS): ranging from 0 to 100 points. Low values represent a poor physical health and high values represent a good physical health.

  4. Pain Interference by treatment group measured by the Brief Pain Inventory [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following burn injury ]
    The degree to which pain interferes with important life function will be determined by the Brief Pain Inventory. This is a validated, self-reported scale that measures the severity of pain based on the average pain experienced and assesses impact of pain across 7 domains of life function (e.g., enjoyment of life, relationships, normal work). The severity scores range from 0 (no pain) to 10 (pain as severe as you can imagine). Higher scores reflect greater pain interference.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ≥ 18 years and ≤ 65 years of age
  • Admitted to burn center within 72 hours of thermal burn injury
  • Estimated TBSA ≤ 30%
  • Surgical team has plans for surgical management of the burn wound (e.g. xenograft and/or autograft).
  • Patients experience a thermal burn injury, not an electrical or chemical burn.
  • Has a telephone to receive follow-up calls.
  • Able to speak and read English
  • Resides within 150 miles of UNC
  • Alert and oriented
  • Willing to take study medication for 6 weeks following enrollment
  • Subjects are capable of giving informed consent.
  • Predicted probability of chronic pain ≥ 0.3 when demographic parameters are entered into a logistic regression model developed from a previous cohort. (Initial pain score entered into this model will be based on the highest pain severity over the initial 24 hours of hospital admission).
  • European American or African American

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unwilling to take study drug
  • Allergy to fish oil or corn/soybean oil.
  • Patient taking clopidogrel (Plavix)
  • Patient taking warfarin or dabigatran.
  • Substantial comorbid injury (e.g. long bone fracture)
  • Pregnancy/Breastfeeding
  • Prisoner status
  • Chronic daily opioid use prior to burn (>20 mg oral daily morphine equivalents).
  • Active psychosis, suicidal ideation, or homicidal ideation
  • Requires an escharotomy or fasciotomy for the treatment of burn injury.
  • Has a disorder of pain processing or diminished capacity to perceive pain (congenital insensitivity to pain)
  • Known Child-Pugh liver disease severity classification B or C.
  • Known chronic kidney disease stage 4 or higher (GFR≤29).
  • Known Hemophilia A/B
  • Known bleeding dyscrasia
  • History of an inability to tolerate fish oil or corn/soybean oil.
  • Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • No other history or condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, indicate that the patient would very likely be non-compliant with the study or unsuitable for the study (e.g. might interfere with the study, confound interpretation, or endanger patient).
  • Intubated and sedated at time of enrollment.
  • Hypersensitivity to Vitamin D3, ergocalciferol, calcitriol, alfacalcidol, calcipotriol
  • Hypercalcemia (if not already completed, this will be assessed by clinical labs with albumin correction prior to enrollment).
  • Hypervitaminosis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Hyperphosphatemia
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Active myocardial ischemia
  • Frequent antacid use (calcium carbonate, cimetidine)
  • Cholestyramine or Colestipol use
  • Taking Vitamin D supplements in excess of 800 IU daily.
  • Taking >1g of fish oil per day.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03313076


Contacts
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Contact: Matthew C Mauck, MD, PhD 888-894-9890 matt_mauck@med.unc.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
University Of North Carolina Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27517
Contact: Matthew C Mauck, MD PhD    888-894-9890    matt_mauck@med.unc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Matthew C Mauck, MD PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthew C Mauck, MD, PhD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

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Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03313076     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-1971
First Posted: October 18, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 29, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Deidentified individual data that supports the results will be shared provided the investigator who proposes to use the data has approval from an Institutional Review Board (IRB), Independent Ethics Committee (IEC), or Research Ethics Board (REB), as applicable, and executes a data use/sharing agreement with UNC.
Time Frame: 12-36 months following publication
Access Criteria: Deidentified individual data that supports the results will be shared provided the investigator who proposes to use the data has approval from an Institutional Review Board (IRB), Independent Ethics Committee (IEC), or Research Ethics Board (REB), as applicable, and executes a data use/sharing agreement with UNC.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
burn injury
thermal burn injury
omega 3 fatty acids
vitamin D
fish oil
chronic pain
chronic pain due to trauma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Chronic Pain
Burns
Wounds and Injuries
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferols
Cholecalciferol
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Nutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents