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Nivolumab With and Without Ipilimumab and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma or Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Before Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03307616
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab with and without ipilimumab and radiation therapy when given before surgery works in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma or dedifferentiated liposarcoma that can be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab, ipilimumab, and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Recurrent Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Recurrent Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Resectable Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Biological: Ipilimumab Biological: Nivolumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Phase 2

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant Checkpoint Blockade in Patients With Surgically Resectable Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma and Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : October 4, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 31, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A (nivolumab)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.
Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Experimental: Arm B (nivolumab, ipilimumab)
Patients receive nivolumab as in Arm A. Patients also receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 43.
Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Experimental: Arm C (nivolumab, RT)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, 29, and 43. Patients also undergo RT QD for 5 days during days 15-47 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 71.
Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • RADIOTHERAPY
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Experimental: Arm D (nivolumab, ipilimumab, RT)
Patients receive nivolumab as in Arm C, ipilimumab as in Arm B, and RT as in Arm C in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo standard of care surgery within 2 weeks after day 71.
Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • RADIOTHERAPY
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic response [ Time Frame: At day 43 (Arm A/B) or 71 (Arm C/D) ]
    Pathologic response will be assessed at time of surgical resection by percentage hyalinization. The study will estimate the difference of the pathologic response between the treatment arms (A versus [vs] B, C vs D) along with the estimate of variation of the difference. Given the longitudinal nature of the data, linear mixed effect models for longitudinal measures will be employed to assess the change in the magnitude of the measures over time adjusting for multiple covariates including patient's characteristics, and tumor characteristics. Appropriate transformation of the outcome assessment values will be used to satisfy the normality assumption of linear mixed effect model.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of immunologic changes in the tumor microenvironment and blood [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Subjects will be assessed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period. Baseline biopsies and blood for genomic and immunologic analyses will be obtained from patients in each group. Secondary histologic outcomes include percent viable tumor cells, percent tumor necrosis, amount of fibrosis and proliferation by phosphohistone H3.

  2. Change in Immune Infiltrate in Response to Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Monotherapy and Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Combination Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Immune infiltrate to be assessed by analyzing changes in the immune infiltrate in biopsy specimens obtained at baseline and on-treatment, and surgical specimens in response to therapy.

  3. Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v.) 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
    Safety will be evaluated by clinical assessments including vital signs and complete physical examinations, chemistry and hematology laboratory values and formal assessments of adverse events (AEs).

  4. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: At 12 and 24 months ]
    Subjects will be assessed with CT or MRI at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period.

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: At 12 and 24 months ]
    Subjects will be assessed with CT or MRI at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period.

  6. Objective response rate (ORR) as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria and Immune Related Response Criteria (irRC) [ Time Frame: At days 43 and 71 ]
  7. Health status assessment [ Time Frame: At baseline, day 15, and day 43 or 71 ]
    Subjects will be assessed with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at screening, after completion of neoadjuvant therapy and during the post-treatment follow-up period. Safety will be evaluated by clinical assessments including vital signs and complete physical examinations, chemistry and hematology laboratory values and formal assessments of adverse events (AEs).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult subjects with treatment naive primary or locally recurrent dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) of the retroperitoneum or undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) of the trunk or extremity will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if all of the following criteria apply.
  • Patients must be capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
  • Patients must have disease determined to be surgically resectable and candidates for upfront surgery as agreed upon by a multidisciplinary consensus (Surgical Oncology, Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology) after presentation at sarcoma multidisciplinary conference. Resectable tumors are defined as having no significant vascular, neural or bony involvement. Only cases where a complete surgical resection can safely be achieved are defined as resectable.
  • Patients will be evaluated by the anesthesia team prior to surgery.
  • Patient must have recent imaging (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], as appropriate) within 4 weeks of trial enrollment, demonstrating measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1.
  • Patients must have at least one tumor amenable to serial biopsy in clinic or be willing to undergo serial biopsies through image-guided procedures during the neoadjuvant phase of the protocol. Patients must be willing to provide tumor samples at the time points.
  • Patients must be medically fit to undergo surgery as determined by the treating medical and surgical oncology team and have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
  • Patients must have life expectancy > 6 months.
  • Patients must be immunotherapy-naive. Those who have previously been treated with conventional chemotherapy for a prior history of sarcoma in the adjuvant setting may be included.
  • White blood cell count > 3 K/uL.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1 K/uL.
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL.
  • Platelets > 100 K/mm^3.
  • Serum creatinine =< 2 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min.
  • Aspartic transaminase (AST) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 1.5 x ULN.
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN.
  • Women are eligible to participate if: Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) > 40 MlU/mL and estradiol < 40 pg/mL (< 140 pmol/L) is confirmatory]. Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrollment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2-4 weeks will elapse between the cessation of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type and dosage of HRT. Following confirmation of their post-menopausal status, they can resume use of HRT during the study without use of a contraceptive method.
  • Childbearing potential and agrees to use method(s) of contraception. For a teratogenic study drug and/or when there is insufficient information to assess teratogenicity (preclinical studies have not been done), a highly effective method(s) of contraception (failure rate of less than 1% per year) is required. The individual methods of contraception and duration should be determined in consultation with the investigator. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must follow instructions for birth control when the half-life of the investigational drug is greater than 24 hours, contraception should be continued for a period of 30 days plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo five half-lives. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.
  • WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of investigational product.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. The investigator shall review contraception methods and the time period that contraception must be followed. Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must follow instructions for birth control when the half-life of the investigational drug is greater than 24 hours, contraception should be continued for a period of 90 days plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo five half-lives. The half-life of nivolumab and ipilimumab is up to 25 days and 18 days, respectively. Therefore, men who are sexually active with WOCBP must continue contraception for 7 months (90 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.
  • Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) and azoospermic men do not require contraception.
  • Women must not be breastfeeding.
  • Other terms for undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) may include, but are not limited to: pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma, unclassified spindle cell sarcoma, spindle cell sarcoma not otherwise specified, pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma, pleomorphic fibroblastic sarcoma, undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma, pleomorphic sarcoma with prominent inflammation, pleomorphic sarcoma with giant cells, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (including storiform-pleomorphic and inflammatory subtypes), fibrosarcoma, and myxofibrosarcoma (at least intermediate grade; located deep to the fascia in muscle).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Disease that is considered surgically unresectable, including, but not limited to significant vascular, neural, or bone involvement, and in cases where a complete surgical resection cannot be safely performed.
  • Prior intra-abdominal surgery within 4 weeks of trial enrollment.
  • Prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy of the current sarcoma. In patients with locally recurrent disease, previous systemic chemotherapy of the primary tumor is allowed, as long as treatment was completed prior to study enrollment and patient has recovered (i.e., < grade 1 or at baseline) from any adverse events due to previously administered agents.
  • Prior radiation therapy for sarcoma in the same area.
  • Active concurrent second malignancy.
  • Prior or concurrent immunotherapy, including treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody; tumor vaccines; interferon, or interleukins.
  • Prior malignancy active within the previous 2 years except for patient's prior diagnosis of sarcoma and locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast with local control measures (surgery, radiation).
  • Non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious disease within 4 weeks of trial enrollment.
  • Pregnant or lactating female.
  • Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol.
  • Current use of anticoagulants (warfarin, heparin, direct thrombin inhibitors) at therapeutic levels.
  • Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, impair the ability of the subject to receive protocol therapy, or interfere with the interpretation of study results.
  • Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Brief dosing for contrast allergy prophylaxis is allowed.
  • Any positive test result for hepatitis B or C virus indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.
  • Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (infection disease) illness.
  • Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03307616


Contacts
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Contact: Christina L. Roland, MD 713-792-6940 clroland@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Christina L. Roland    713-745-1806    clroland@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Christina L. Roland         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Christina L Roland M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03307616     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017-0143
NCI-2018-01031 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2017-0143 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 12, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 20, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Liposarcoma
Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue
Histiocytoma
Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents