Community Dynamics of Malaria Transmission and Mosquito Feeding in Bancoumana, Mali
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03304704|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2018
Half of the world's population is at risk of malaria. Malaria is a disease that affects many people in Mali and other parts of Africa. It is caused by germs spread by mosquito bites. Malaria may be mild. But it can also be serious or can lead to death if it is not diagnosed and treated promptly. Researchers want to learn more about the disease so they can develop new approaches to malaria control.
To collect data on how mosquitoes spread malaria and how many people get malaria in the community by comparing different areas, seasons, and years.
Residents of a certain area of Mali who are of any age
Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history.
All participants will have at least 1 visit. They will answer questions about their health and malaria. They may have a physical exam. They will have blood collected.
Some participants will have 1 visit every month for 3 years. They will repeat the procedures above.
These participants will have mosquitoes collected in their home monthly. They may be able to catch some of the mosquitoes alive or may need to use a spray to kill the mosquitoes. Participants in this part of the study can be up to 65 years old.
Some participants will also have about 60 mosquitoes directly feed on their arm or leg for 15-20 minutes each month. These participants must be 5-65 years old.
|Condition or disease|
A vaccine that interrupts malaria transmission is critical to eradicate the disease, but improved assays are needed to measure the efficacy of vaccines. Transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) work by inducing antibodies in vaccinees that inhibit parasite development in the mosquito interrupting transmission. Efficacy of vaccines may be estimated by in vitro membrane feeding assays using immune sera and laboratory mosquitoes, but qualified assays that measure transmission in the field are needed to assess transmission-blocking interventions in natura. Clinical trials of TBV have started in Bancoumana and Doneguebougou, and we expect to expand TBV studies here and in adjacent areas in the future. This protocol will use a longitudinal cohort to gather information on mosquito feeding and infection patterns in Bancoumana, Doneguebougou and surrounding villages in Mali. Individuals actively participating in LMIV vaccine trials will be approached first for participation, including permission to contact their household and neighbors of their compound for participation. Households will be identified using census data and individuals will be consented for participation. Malaria smears will be obtained at monthly visits, in conjunction with mosquito collections in/around village residences and with direct skin feeds (DSFs) using insectary-raised mosquitoes. Parasite transmission to mosquitoes will be assessed longitudinally for differences by season and year, and compared between wild-caught and laboratory-raised mosquitoes. Data will also be obtained on gametocyte and parasite carriage rates by season and year. Genotyping of individual subjects will be performed to pair with the bloodmeals of wild-caught mosquitoes.
A total of 3,200 volunteers from Bancoumana, Doneguebougou and surrounding areas will be enrolled into three distinct cohorts. The Genotype Only Cohort (n=1000), which will include the vaccine trial participants, will complete a single visit to obtain a blood sample for genotyping with no additional follow up. The DSF Cohort (n=1200) will enroll subjects aged 5 to 65 years for monthly blood sampling, DSF, and mosquito collection at their household. The Parasite Surveillance Cohort (n=1000) will enroll subjects under the age of 5 years (as young as 6 months) and subjects of any age who are unwilling to participate in DSF; they will have monthly blood sampling and mosquito collection at their household. Enrollment into the Genotype and Parasite Surveillance Cohorts will be linked to full enrollment of the DSF Cohort. Participants in the Parasite Surveillance and DSF cohorts, will be followed for up to 3 years, to collect data that will guide the design of future community-based trials of TBV.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||4800 participants|
|Official Title:||Community Dynamics of Malaria Transmission and Mosquito Feeding in Bancoumana and Doneguebougou, Mali|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||December 18, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 30, 2021|
Genotype Only Cohort
The Genotype Only Cohort (n=1000), which will include the vaccine trial participants, will complete a single visit to obtain a blood sample for genotyping with no additional follow up.
The DSF Cohort (n=1200) will enroll subjects aged 5 to 65 years for monthly blood sampling, DSF, and mosquito collection at their household.
Parasite Surveillance Cohort
The Parasite Surveillance Cohort (n=1000) will enroll subjects under the age of 5 years (as young as 6 months) and subjects of any age who are unwilling to participate in DSF; they will have monthly blood sampling and mosquito collection at their household.
- Infection rate in mosquitoes by DSF (number of infected vs. number of dissected mosquitoes) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
- Infection rate in wild live-caught mosquitoes (number of infected vs.number of dissected mosquitoes) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03304704
|Contact: Jennifer C Hume||(240) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Bancoumana Malaria Vaccine Center||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator:||Jennifer C Hume||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|