Early Detection of Cardiovascular Changes After Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer (EARLY-HEART)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03297346|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2018
Breast cancer (BC) radiotherapy leads to coincidental radiation of the heart, resulting in increased risk of a variety of heart diseases. Identifying BC patients with the highest risk of radiation-induced cardiac complications is crucial for developing strategies for primary and secondary prevention. Little has been done on the relationship between dose distribution to different anatomical cardiac structures during radiotherapy and early cardiovascular changes that may lead to cardiac complications.
In the framework of the European project MEDIRAD, the EARLY-HEART multicenter prospective cohort was launched in August 2017, involving 5 investigating centers from France, Netherlands, Germany, Spain and Portugal. With 250 BC patients prospectively followed for 2 years, the main objective is to identify and validate the most important cardiac imaging (echocardiography, computed tomography coronary angiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging) and circulating biomarkers of radiation-induced cardiovascular changes arising in the first 2 years after BC radiotherapy.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Breast Cancer Female||Other: Cardiac imaging and circulating biomarkers||Not Applicable|
EARLY-HEART is a multicentre prospective cohort study that will include 250 female primary breast cancer cases aged 40-75 years treated with postoperative radiotherapy (RT) alone after breast-conserving surgery using modern planning-CT based RT technologies and followed for 2 years after RT in one of the 5 participating hospitals. In addition to the standard follow-up, patients will need to give repeated blood samples and will undergo repeated cardiac imaging:
- Functional and anatomical cardiac imaging biomarkers will be based on automated 2D-speckle-tracking echocardiography (ECHO-ST); Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography (CT) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- Circulating biomarkers (BLOOD) will be based on a panel of multiple classical or novel blood-based biomarkers.
Imaging and circulating biomarkers measurements will be assessed at baseline before RT (ECHO, CT, MRI, BLOOD); at the end of RT (BLOOD); 6 months after RT (ECHO, MRI, BLOOD) and 24 months after RT (ECHO, CT, MRI, BLOOD).
Changes in functional and anatomical cardiac imaging and circulating biomarkers between unexposed status before RT and exposed status after RT at different time points will be first analysed to evaluate the effects of RT on the heart.
All relevant DICOM-data (including planning-CT scans and the ECHO, MRI and CT) will be centralized to the MEDIRAD-ENACT database managed by University of Groningen for automated segmentation of all cardiac substructures (including coronary arteries) to ensure uniformity of the segmentation procedure between centres. The RT planning CTs will be used to generate dose volume histograms and 3D dose maps of the heart and cardiac substructures in order to correlate the localization of any cardiovascular change with the anatomical dose distribution.
In the presence of a cardiac outcome, a multimetric Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) individual risk model will be constructed and an integrative clinical-biologic risk score will be developed for individual risk prediction.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||250 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Early Detection of Cardiovascular Changes After Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer (EARLY HEART Study) in the Frame of the Implications of MEDIcal Low Dose RADiation Exposure (MEDIRAD) European Project|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 1, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 1, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 31, 2021|
Breast cancer patients treated with RT
Cardiac imaging and circulating biomarkers measurements to evaluate:
Other: Cardiac imaging and circulating biomarkers
Automated 2D-speckle-tracking echocardiography (ECHO-ST); Computed tomography coronary angiography (CT); Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Blood samples for circulating biomarkers measurements (BLOOD)
- Number of patients with decreased myocardial function assessed by echocardiography [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy (baseline measurements performed before radiotherapy) ]Number of patients with an increased of at least 2.5% in the Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) between baseline and 2 years after radiotherapy
- Changes in myocardial function measurements assessed by echocardiography [ Time Frame: 6 months and 2 years after radiotherapy (baseline measurements performed before radiotherapy) ]Increase of the segmental strain measurements (unit of measures:%)
- Anatomical changes in coronary arteries assessed by cardiac CT [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy (baseline measurements performed before radiotherapy) ]Increase of the number of coronary segments containing any plaque or increase of the calcium score
- Myocardial tissue abnormalities assessed by cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: 6 months and 2 years after radiotherapy (baseline measurements performed before radiotherapy) ]Increase of the native mean myocardial T1 mapping value
- Changes in circulating biomarkers measurements [ Time Frame: at the end of radiotherapy (through radiotherapy completion, an average of 5 weeks after starting date of radiotherapy), 6 months and 2 years after radiotherapy (baseline measurements performed before radiotherapy) ]
Significant increase or decrease in the following biomarkers:
classical biomarkers of cardiac injury (C-reactive protein, Troponin I, Troponin T, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-Pro BNP), beta2-Microglobulin, Galectin 3); Inflammatory cytokines; biomarkers of endothelial activation and dysfunction; Microparticles; MicroRNAs; circulating DNA methylation
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03297346
|Contact: Sophie Jacob, PhDemail@example.com|
|IRSN - Clinique Pasteur||Recruiting|
|Contact: Sophie Jacob, PhD +33561145608 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Atul Pathak, Md, PhD|
|Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München||Not yet recruiting|
|Contact: Michael Mayinger, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Stephanie Combs, MD, PhD|
|Academisch Ziekenhuis Groningen||Recruiting|
|Contact: Anne Crijns, MD, PhD +31652724432 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Anne Crijns, MD, PhD|
|Associação para Investigação e Desenvolvimento da Faculdade de Medicina||Recruiting|
|Contact: Constantino Susana, PhD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Manuela Fiuza, MD, PhD|
|Institut Català d'Oncologia||Recruiting|
|Contact: Arantxa Eraso, MD, PhD firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Arantxa Eraso, MD, PhD|
|Study Chair:||Sophie Jacob, PhD||Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire|