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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03293069
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Conservative Iron Chelation as a Disease-modifying Strategy in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (FAIR-ALS II)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03293069
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 26, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2022
Ministry of Health, France
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Lille

Brief Summary:
The alteration of iron metabolism is reported in animal models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) as well as in sporadic and genetic forms (SOD1 and C9orf72) of ALS. The high iron concentration of the brain, due to its high energy demand (high oxygen consumption), makes motor neurons particularly vulnerable to energy deficit and oxidative stress. Post-mortem examinations and MRI scans in patients with ALS have found signs of iron accumulation in the central motor tract; and a high level of serum ferritin, which is a marker of iron levels, is associated with a lower prognosis. In ALS mouse models, the use of iron chelators has demonstrated neuroprotection and increased life expectancy, suggesting that elimination of excess iron from the brain can prevent neuronal loss and, consequently, a slow progression of the disease. Conservative chelation of iron refers to a modality whereby much of the iron that binds to the chelator is redistributed in the body rather than exhausted. Using a chelator, deferiprone, with this feature, in a safety pilot study, a very good safety profile was observed. Deferiprone eliminated excess iron from brain regions, reduced oxidative damage and cell death associated with regional iron deposits with no apparent negative impact on the iron levels needed. Now, the efficacy of this new therapeutic modality of neuroprotection is being evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Drug: Deferiprone Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet Phase 2 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 372 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Conservative Iron Chelation as a Disease-modifying Strategy in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Multicentre, Parallel-group, Placebo-controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial of Deferiprone
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Deferiprone
Half of participants will receive twice-daily oral deferiprone taken over 12 months.
Drug: Deferiprone
One 600 mg delayed-release tablets of deferiprone twice a day, for at 30 mg/kg/day
Other Name: DFP

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Half of participants will receive the placebo Twice-daily oral placebo taken over 12 months
Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
the placebo twice daily morning and evening.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. CAFS score (Combined Assessment of Function and Survival) [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]
    CAFS score based on changes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R) total scores and time to death from baseline (randomization visit) to 12 months

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) total score [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
  2. All-cause and respiratory insufficiency mortality [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]
    Time to death for all cause or respiratory insufficiency (defined as tracheostomy or the use of non-invasive ventilation for ≥ 23 h per day for 14 consecutive days) from baseline until 12 month

  3. Changes in muscle strength [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
    Muscle strength measurements are determined by the overall mega-score for handheld dynamometry and manual muscular testing with a validated medical device provided

  4. Change in the slow vital capacity [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
    The slow vital capacity is measure by the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled following a deep breath. Reflecting the Respiratory insufficiency.

  5. Changes in body weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
  6. Change in Quality of life [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
    Quality of life assessed using the five-item form of the ALS assessment questionnaire (ALSAQ-5) from baseline to 12 months

  7. DSMIV criteria [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]
    Dementia (yes/no)

  8. Fronto-Temporal Dementia (FTD) criteria [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]
    Using the revised guidelines for the diagnosis of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia based on recent literature and collective experience by Rascovsky K et al 2011; Lamarre AK et al 2013

  9. Change in Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]
    MoCA evaluated of mild cognitive dysfunction.

  10. Change in Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Screen (ECAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, at 12 months ]

    ECAS determine cognitive and behavioral changes of patients suffering from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

    With ECAS, ALS-specific (fluency, executive functions and social cognition, language) and ALS-nonspecific (memory, visuospatial functions) functions can be analyzed to enable the distinction from other diseases with cognitive and behavioral impairments.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Categorized as; possible, laboratory supported probable, probable, or definite ALS (revised El Escorial criteria)
  • Spinal and bulbar forms of ALS
  • Duration of the disease of less than 18 months since the first symptoms of motor deficit or amyotrophy (isolated cramps or fasciculation will not be considered).
  • Duration of the disease of less than 6 months since the diagnosis
  • An upright slow vital capacity ≥ 75% of the predicted value for age, height, and sex or at least one test on inspiratory pressure ≥ 60% of the predicted value for age, height, and sex which could be either maximal inspiratory pressure or a SNIFF test. (The best predictive test is sniff test but sometime patients are not able to do it.) (In case of a limit abnormal value for one of them, it will be recommended that patient re-assessment occurs three months later).
  • A mild functional handicap score for ALSFRS-R ≥36
  • An upright slow vital capacity > 70% of the predicted value for age, height, and sex and
  • Able to swallow (required for oral treatment)
  • Patients weight included between 40 kg and 130 kg
  • If the patient is under riluzole, it has to be for at least 1 month before inclusion with stable dose (to rule out the principal risk of hepatitis)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with high frequency of comorbidity or vital risks that may reasonably impair life expectancy
  • Progressing axis I psychiatric disorders (psychosis, hallucinations, substance addiction, bipolar disorder, severe depression, suicidal ideation), in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Before entry into the study, exclusion or stabilization of conditions must occur for patients suffering from mild or moderate depressive episodes (not in remission) or severe and uncontrolled anxiety.
  • Dementia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Exposure to any other experimental drug up to 30 days before day 1
  • Due to the risk of agranulocytosis (estimated at 2%) caused by the Investigational Medicinal Products (IMPs) and the unknown mechanism by which this agranulocytosis is induced, combining Deferiprone with other medicinal products known to cause agranulocytosis (as described in the IB) will not be allowed. Such medicinal products include clozapine as well as some NSAIDs (e.g. Phenylbutazone or Metamizole), antithyroid agents, sulfonamide antibiotics or methotrexate.
  • A history of relapsing neutropenia
  • Patients with agranulocytosis or with a history of agranulocytosis.
  • Hypersensitivity to Deferiprone
  • Patients with anaemia (regardless of latter aetiology) or a history of another haematological disease. Haemochromatosis is not an exclusion criterion if controlled.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women or women of childbearing potential not taking highly effective contraception.
  • Kidney or liver failure.
  • Inability to provide informed consent.
  • Participation in another clinical trial within 1 month prior to inclusion in the study
  • Patients under trusteeship

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03293069

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Chr Angers
Angers, France
Chru Brest
Brest, France
Hopital Pierre Wertheimer - Hcl - Bron
Bron, France
Chu Cote de Nacre - Caen
Caen, France
Chu de Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand, France
Hôpital Roger Salengro, CHU
Lille, France, 59000
C H U Dupuytren Limoges
Limoges, France
Aphm Hopital La Timone
Marseille, France
Chu de Nancy
Nancy, France
Chu de Nice Hopital Pasteur
Nice, France
Hu Pitie Salpetriere Aphp
Paris, France, 75013
Hopital de Hautepierre
Strasbourg, France, 67091
Chu de Bordeaux - Talence
Talence, France
Chu Toulouse
Toulouse, France, 31300
Chu de Tours
Tours, France
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Lille
Ministry of Health, France
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Principal Investigator: David Devos, MD,PhD University Hospital, Lille
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Lille
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03293069    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016_76
2017-003763-35 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 26, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Lille:
Conservative Iron Chelation
Disease-modifying Strategy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Iron Chelating Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action