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Storytelling Narrative Communication Intervention for Smoking Cessation in Women Living With HIV (WISE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03289676
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sun S Kim, University of Massachusetts, Boston

Brief Summary:
HIV has transformed into a chronic illness due to the advent of effective treatments in the absence of a cure. As a result, the prevalence of non-AIDS defining cancers (NADCs), including lung cancer, has increased three-fold among people living with HIV. NADCs now account for 50% of all cancers among the people. Smoking is one of the major contributing factors to lung cancer and smoking prevalence is substantially higher in this population than the general U.S. population. Smoking prevalence does not differ by gender among people living with HIV. Women of color, particularly African American women represent the majority of women living with HIV (WLHIV) followed by Latinas. WLHIV smoke at a rate almost 3 times higher than that for the general U.S. female population (e.g., 42% vs. 16%). The proposed study has two phases: 1) the development of a storytelling narrative communication (SNC) intervention that will be added to an established HIV-tailored smoking cessation intervention and 2) a two-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the HIV-tailored intervention plus the SNC Intervention compared with the HIV-tailored intervention only. The investigators will develop narrative videos with three to five WLHIV who will be talking about their personal struggles with smoking and success in quitting. Preliminary study revealed that the established HIV-tailored intervention was effective only for short-term (≤ 2 months) abstinence. Many relapsed to smoking between the 2nd and 6th month of quitting. The investigators propose that the SNC intervention will be an effective strategy to sustain their quit efforts for long-term abstinence (≥ 6 months). A total of 60 WLHIV will be recruited and randomly assigned to either the experimental arm (a combination of HIV-tailored and SNC interventions) or the control arm (HIV-tailored intervention only). Specific aims of the study are to 1) Identify SNC intervention components that are rated high in transport and identification for use as an enhancement to an HIV-tailored smoking cessation intervention; 2) Determine the feasibility and acceptability of the SNC intervention for WLHIV by assessing the rate of recruitment and retention for feasibility and the degree of transport and identification for acceptability; and 3) Establish an effect size of HIV-tailored and SNC interventions for smoking cessation in comparison with the HIV-tailored smoking cessation intervention only for WLHIV, for subsequent grant applications.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV/AIDS Combination Product: Storytelling Narrative Intervention Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The proposed study employs a mixed-methods research design. The investigators will first develop narrative videos in collaboration with community organizations of WLHIV in Boston. Second, the investigators will conduct a two-arm RCT assigning participants at a ratio of 1:1 to either one of the two arms (Experimental: HIV-tailored plus SNC interventions vs. Control: HIV-tailored intervention). Both arms have eight weekly sessions of a 30-minute HIV-tailored cessation intervention (cognitive behavioral therapy plus nicotine patches). The experimental arm will receive three 5-7 minute SNC videos, each per month between the first and third month of quitting, whereas the control arm will receive three 5-minute attention control videos at the same monthly interval.

A total of 60 WLHIV will be recruited via online and offline advertisements and personal networks of community organizations and health care providers who work for people with HIV. To participate in the study, the following criteria must be met: women who 1) are able to speak English; 2) self-report HIV infection and submit a supplementary document if necessary; 3) are between the ages of 18 and 65; 4) have been smoking at least 5 cigarettes a day for the past 6 months; 5) own a mobile phone with an access to a video call application such as Skype, Imo, Tango, and Face Time; 6) are willing to quit smoking within the next 4 weeks from the baseline assessment; and 7) agree to use an approved form of birth control (e.g., oral medications, condoms, and intrauterine devices) during the study period. Individuals will be excluded if they: 1) are not able to speak English; 2) are pregnant or lactating; 3) have an active skin disease or serious alcohol use problems (≥ 26 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), 4) self-report currently receiving treatment for a serious mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia and bipolar disorder); or 5) currently use any illegal substances excluding marijuana.

The investigators will recruit participants with frequent announcements of the study in Craigslist and paid online advertisements. The majority of intake interviews will be conducted via telephone, which will take 30 minutes at most. To prevent attrition, the investigators will execute several strategies, including tracking subjects at least every other month and providing incentives for follow-up testing. Counselors will proactively call participants prior to each therapy session and confirm the appointment a few hours before the session. A research assistant (RA) who will be blinded to the intervention condition will conduct all follow-up assessments via telephone calls and videoconferencing for saliva cotinine tests.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 53 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

: The proposed study has two phases.

  1. Phase 1. Development of Narrative Video: We will first develop narrative videos in collaboration with community organizations of WLHIV in Boston. The video will be filmed in person at the University of Massachusetts Boston.
  2. Phase 2. A Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) of a Story Telling Narrative Communication Intervention: We will conduct a two-arm RCT assigning participants at a ratio of 1:1 to either one of the two arms (Experimental: HIV-tailored plus SNC interventions vs. Control: HIV-tailored plus attention-control interventions). Both arms will have eight weekly sessions of a 30-minute HIV-tailored cessation intervention (cognitive behavioral therapy plus nicotine patches). All research-related procedures will be conducted remotely.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The person who assesses follow-up assessments will be blind to treatment condition.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Determining the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Combined Storytelling Narrative Communication and HIV-tailored Smoking Cessation Intervention for Women Living With HIV
Actual Study Start Date : September 6, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 23, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : November 1, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Quitting Smoking Video
This arm will receive a storytelling narrative intervention by watching a video of women living with HIV taking about their success in quitting smoking.
Combination Product: Storytelling Narrative Intervention
In the first phase, three sections of a video, each for 5-7 minutes will be produced by "Star" story tellers who are eloquent and have authentic personal experiences of quitting smoking. Participants who receive 8-weekly 30-minute cessation counseling sessions along with NRT are randomly assigned to watch either the smoking cessation video or attention-control video of women taking about their HIV infection.
Other Names:
  • Cognitive Behavioral Counseling
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Active Comparator: HIV Infection Video
This arm will watch an attention-control storytelling narrative intervention by watching a video of women living with HIV taking about their life after the diagnosis of HIV.
Combination Product: Storytelling Narrative Intervention
In the first phase, three sections of a video, each for 5-7 minutes will be produced by "Star" story tellers who are eloquent and have authentic personal experiences of quitting smoking. Participants who receive 8-weekly 30-minute cessation counseling sessions along with NRT are randomly assigned to watch either the smoking cessation video or attention-control video of women taking about their HIV infection.
Other Names:
  • Cognitive Behavioral Counseling
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The rate of adherence [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The number of women who report having watched the whole video of quitting smoking

  2. 3-month prolonged abstinence rate [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Having not smoked a cigarette for 3 months from the quit day



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Who are biologically females.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

women who:

  1. are able to speak English
  2. self-report HIV infection and submit a supplementary document if necessary
  3. are between the ages of 18 and 65
  4. have been smoking at least 5 cigarettes a day for the past 6 months
  5. own a mobile phone with an access to a video call application such as Skype, Imo, Tango, and Face Time
  6. are willing to quit smoking within the next 4 weeks from the baseline assessment; and
  7. agree to use an approved form of birth control (e.g., oral medications, condoms, and intrauterine devices) during the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

Women who:

  1. are not able to speak English
  2. are pregnant or lactating
  3. have an active skin disease or serious alcohol use problems (≥ 26 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test59)
  4. self-report currently receiving treatment for a serious mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) or
  5. currently use any illegal substances excluding marijuana.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03289676


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
University Massachusetts Boston
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02125
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Massachusetts, Boston
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sun S Kim University of Massachusetts, Worcester

Responsible Party: Sun S Kim, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03289676     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017147
First Posted: September 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No