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Esthetic Expectations of Edentulous Patients Followed in a French Dental Clinic

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03283514
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Braud Adeline, Hôpital Rothschild

Brief Summary:

Esthetic is a major factor in complete denture (CD) success. Patient involvement in esthetic project plays a crucial role in denture acceptance and patient satisfaction. Historically, teeth choice and arrangement were made according to Frush and Ficher's recommendations focusing on natural looking of esthetics. Dentists may also propose to restore the dentate state looking for denture when preextraction data are available. Recently, a patient-centered approach based on attractivity has been proposed and may lead to in an appearance transcending the laws of nature.

The aim of the present study was to investigate actual denture esthetic expectations in a French edentate population followed in a university dental clinic (Rothschild Hospital , AP-HP).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Complete Edentulism Other: Complete denture

Detailed Description:
Inclusion criteria : being currently edentulous within at least within the maxillary arch, literate French speakers, willing and able to complete the survey in a single sitting. Clinical data collection was made by a unique examiner and concerned length of edentulism, antagonist arch, existence of preextraction data, smile attractivity opinion. The respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their age, sex, educational and income level. Patients were also asked for their denture look preference among 4 esthetic projects: 1) restoring pre-extraction (dentate) looking, 2) restoring actual denture looking, 3) creating natural looking, 4) creating perfect looking, 5) no opinion. Each project was explained similarly by the same examiner. Statistical analysis using a Pearson Chi-squared test at a 0.05 level of significance was conducted for associations between esthetic projects preference and tested variables.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Esthetic Expectations of Edentulous Patients Followed in a French Dental Clinic
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 1, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dentures


Intervention Details:
  • Other: Complete denture
    questionnaire


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. esthetic preferred project [ Time Frame: Esthetic expectation evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Patients were asked for their denture-looking expectations among 4 esthetic projects: 1) restoring pre-extraction dentate looking, 2) restoring actual denture looking, 3) creating natural looking, 4) creating perfect looking, 5) no opinion.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. age [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their age (in years)

  2. gender [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their gender (man or woman)

  3. educational level [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their educational level : last degree (no degree at al, French General Certificate Secondary Education, High School Diploma, Vocational Training Certificate taken at Secondary School, university degree)

  4. month income level, [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their income level each month : in euros

  5. length of edentulism, [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying the duration of edentulism (in years)

  6. smile attractivity opinion [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying their smile attractivity opinion Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying the most attractive smile among 4 esthetic situations : preextraction-looking smile, denture-like smile, natural-like smile, perfect smile.

  7. preextraction data available [ Time Frame: evaluated at date of inclusion ]
    Respondents completed a questionnaire identifying the existence of preextraction data available (available or not available)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Totally edentulous subjects (20 women, 22 men, mena aged: 67.9 ± 12.2 years) attending maxillary CD in the department of prosthodontics of the Hopital Rothschild (AP-HP) are concerned by recruitment and are proposed to participate.
Criteria

Inclusion criteria : Currently edentulous maxillary arch, literate French speakers, willing and able to complete the survey in a single sitting. Inclusion Criteria:

Exclusion Criteria: Aged under 18 years.


Responsible Party: Dr Braud Adeline, maitre de conférences -praticien hospitalier, Hôpital Rothschild
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03283514     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01
First Posted: September 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided