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A Research of Berberine Hydrochloride to Prevent Colorectal Adenomas in Patients With Previous Colorectal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03281096
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
xiaohua li, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases

Brief Summary:
Experimental studies in animals and observational studies in humans suggest that fusobacterium nucleatum is associates with stages of colorectal neoplasia development, and Berberine Hydrochloride could rescue Fusobacterium nucleatum-induced colorectal tumorigenesis by modulating the tumor microenvironment. Whether regular Berberine Hydrochloride use may decrease the risk of colorectal adenomas, the precursors to most colorectal cancers is worth to further study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Adenomas Drug: Berberine hydrochloride Drug: Placebo Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The prevalence of colorectal adenomas is high in our country, as is the incidence of colorectal cancer. It is well-known that colorectal adenomas are the precursor of colorectal cancer and that removing them will prevent colorectal cancer. Because most colorectal cancers arise from benign adenomas, adenomas have been used as surrogate end points in prevention trials. Berberine hydrochloride, which is an alkaloid extracted from Rhizoma coptidis, has been traditionally used in Chinese medicine to treat gastrointestinal infections, due to its antimicrobial properties. Previous clinical research and animal studies have demonstrated the anti-tumor action of Berberine hydrochloride. Persons with a history of colorectal cancer might constitute a group at higher risk for adenomas and thus be particularly suitable for a study of the chemopreventive effects of Berberine hydrochloride. Here, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was designed to determine whether the daily use of 300 mg of berberine hydrochloride could decreases the occurrence of new colorectal adenomas among patients with a history of colorectal cancer.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Berberine Hydrochloride to Prevent Colorectal Adenomas in Patients With Previous Colorectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 29, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Berberine hydrochloride group
Berberine hydrochloride 300mg tablet by mouth, two times per day for 3 years
Drug: Berberine hydrochloride
patients take the Berberine hydrochloride 300mg tablet by mouth, 2 times a day with 3 years.
Other Name: Berberine hydrochloride tablet ("Sine Tianping")

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
identical-appearing placebo 300mg tablet by mouth, two times per day for 3 years
Drug: Placebo
pill manufactured to mmic Berberine hydrochloride 100mg tablet
Other Name: Placebo (for Berberine hydrochloride)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cumulative the colorectal adenoma incidence rate during Berberine hydrochloride or placebo treatment in patients with a history of colorectal cancer [ Time Frame: From baseline to 3 years. ]
    The proportion of patients in whom one or more colorectal adenomas were investigated during the period from one year after randomization through the anticipated surveillance follow-up examination. The development of colorectal adenomas was assessed with an Olympus flexible video colonoscopy. One endoscopic investigator, who did not review the records of previous examinations, made all the assessments.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cumulative the numbers or diameters of those new colorectal adenomas during Berberine hydrochloride or placebo treatment in patients with a history of colorectal cancer [ Time Frame: From baseline to 3 years. ]
    The numbers or diameters of those new colorectal adenomas were analyzed during the period from one year after randomization through the anticipated surveillance follow-up examination. The endoscopic investigator, who did not review the records of previous examinations, counted the total number of colorectal adenomas, and the examination was recorded on videotape. The diameter of those colorectal adenomas was measured in millimeters with a graduated scale passed through the colonoscopy biopsy channel.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged 18-80 years
  • Patients who had histologically documented colon or rectal cancer with a low risk of recurrent disease
  • Patients with Dukes' stage A or B1 colon or rectal cancer (tumor-node-metastasis [TNM] stage T1 to T2, N0, M0) who had undergone curative resection of the primary tumor were immediately eligible for enrollment
  • Patients with Dukes' stage B2 or C (T3 to T4, N0 to N1, M0) colon or rectal cancer who had undergone curative resection of the primary tumor were eligible if they had been free of disease for more than five years after curative surgery
  • Eligible participants had to have undergone, after adequate preparation, colonoscopy to the cecum (or small-bowel anastomosis), with removal of all polyps, within four months before study entry
  • Patients were eligible if they were in good general health, with an expected survival of at least five years; willing to provide and able to understand informed consent and to cooperate with the study procedures; not currently enrolled in a clinical trial of colon-cancer treatment or other chemoprevention trial; and not pregnant or nursing.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are hypersensitive or intolerant to the drugs
  • Patients had familial polyposis
  • Patients had invasive cancer other than nonmelanoma skin cancer within 5 years before the intake appointment
  • Patients with diabetes mellitus, severe renal disease or cardiovascular disease (defined by a New York Heart Association functional classof III or IV)
  • Patients with hypercalcemia or urolithiasis
  • Patients had a history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patients with hemolytic anemia and glucose -6- phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Patients had received immunosuppressive therapy within the previous 6 months
  • Patients had clinically obvious narcotic or alcohol dependence during the previous 6 months
  • Patients had used NSAIDs including aspirin at any dose on 3 or more days per month during each of the 3 months before enrollment or for a period of 36 days in the previous year; or had a history of stroke, transient ischemic attacks, angina, myocardial infarction, or atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease
  • Pregnant women, women during breast-feeding period, or women with expect pregnancy
  • Patients with a history of subtotal gastrectomy or partial bowel resection
  • Patients who are not able to cooperate
  • Patients with any condition that could be worsened by supplemental Berberine hydrochloride

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03281096


Contacts
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Contact: xiaohua li, MD,PH.D +8613474299901 xjyylixiaohua@163.com
Contact: ying zhang, MD,PH.D +8613310980140 xjyywcwk@163.com

Locations
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China, Shaanxi
Xijing Hospital of Digestive Disease Recruiting
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China, 710032
Contact: xiaohua li, MD, PH.D    13474299901    lixiaohua1982@fmmu.edu.cn   
Contact: ying zhang, MD, PH.D    13310980140      
Sponsors and Collaborators
xiaohua li
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Weizhong Wang, MD,PH.D Xijing digestive surgery center
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Responsible Party: xiaohua li, Director of colorectal surgery center, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03281096    
Other Study ID Numbers: XJLL 2016 001
First Posted: September 13, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenoma
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type