Early Detection of Patients at Risk of Developing a Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After a Stay in Intensive Care Unit (STRESSREA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03278171|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 25, 2018
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric pathology noticed in the DSM-5, in troubles due to a traumatism or a stress factor and appearing at least 1 month after confrontation with trauma. This trouble can become chronic, and be the source of psychiatric and somatic comorbidities, which themselves have personal, professional and economic consequences at the level of the individual and society.
Some studies looked at the psychological effects induced by a stay in intensive care unit (ICU) since few years. The emergence of PTSD in these patients has been described, with an incidence varying from 4% to 60%.
The literature is contradictory about identified risk factors for PTSD. It's not possible to design a screening of these patients actually, only focused on the risk factors. It has been shown that the presence of acute stress trouble (presence of symptoms during the first month after the traumatism) was a risk factor for PTSD. Early detection of acute stress disorder could be a way to screen risk of emergence of a post-intensive care PTSD. Post-intensive care consultations have been done at 6 months, but not systematically. Only few symptoms are looked for and a sizable part of this population were not being followed probably due to a non-diagnosed-PTSD. In case of the emergence of a post-intensive care PTSD, those patients will never be diagnosed and treated, favoring all complications linked to this trouble.
Associated with other factors, IES-R (Impact Event Scale Revisited) at the ICU exit would permit an exhaustive screening of patients at risk for PTSD and could permit to propose them an adapted care and then limit the emergence of PTSD and its consequences..
In this study, the investigators will screen acute stress symptoms within 8 days following the ICU's exit, using the IES-R, in order to evaluate his ability to predict the emergence of a PTSD at three months. IES-R is an auto-questionnaire, easy and fast with good psychometrics capacities for PTSD.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Post Traumatic Stress Disorder||Behavioral: Impact Event Scale Revisited|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||208 participants|
|Official Title:||Early Detection of Patients at Risk of Developing a Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After a Stay in Intensive Care Unit|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 20, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 10, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 10, 2018|
Patients in intensive care unit
Cohort of patients leaving intensive care unit after a stay of more than 72 hours
Behavioral: Impact Event Scale Revisited
Evaluating the ability of the Impact Event Scale -Revisited within 8 days following the intensive care unit exit to predict a post-traumatic stress disorder at 3 months (Impact Event Scale -Revisited score strictly greater than 34)
- Impact Event Scale Revisited [ Time Frame: 3 months ]Impact Event Scale Revisited (IES-R) will be carried out by a psychiatry clinician within 8 days following the intensive care unit in order to evaluate his ability to predict the emergence of a PTSD at three months. IES-R is an auto-questionnaire, easy and fast with good psychometrics capacities for PTSD.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03278171
|Psychiatrie des urgences, Hôpital Edouard Herriot|
|Lyon, France, 69423|