Effect of Orthoses and Underfoot Vibration on Balance in Neuropathy
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Balance impairments and falls are more common in people who have Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) than in people without the condition. CMT is a condition which affects the nerves causing a variety of symptoms including sensation impairments and weakness. The impairments are usually most evident in the feet and hands, but they can progress very slowly moving closer to the trunk. Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFO's) are often prescribed to help with walking and daily function. So far the effects of AFO's on standing balance in people who have CMT have not been looked at. Insoles are also often prescribed to realign foot deformity and reduce pain. Insoles which give a vibratory input have had a positive impact on walking in older people but have not been looked at in balance and in CMT. Insoles which give a vibration feedback to the sole of the foot when worn have been designed. This study will look at whether the use of AFO's and the vibratory insoles have an effect on standing balance in people with CMT or related peripheral neuropathy. Balance measurements will be taken in a single session comparing a variety of postures. Patients will be recruited from neurology outpatient clinics at the National Hospital of Neurology and Neurosurgery.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Mobile adults who have CMT with both motor and sensory symptoms.
Clinical or genetically confirmed diagnosis of CMT or related peripheral neuropathy
Mixed sensory and motor presentation
Over 18 years
Able to stand unsupported for five minutes
Able to walk for 50m with or without a walking stick or orthotic devices
Presence of other significant neurological disorders (such as multiple sclerosis, cerebrovascular diseases, epilepsy, movement disorders), or major comorbidities (e.g. vestibular dysfunction, use of medication which may affect balance, cognitive impairment, presence of medical conditions in which exercise training may be detrimental).
Presence of peripheral neuropathy caused by a condition other than CMT.
Limb surgery during the six months prior to screening (or planned before final assessment).
Women of child-bearing age if they are pregnant, planning a pregnancy during their time in the study or in the 12 weeks following giving birth. This is due to the effects of pregnancy on balance.