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A Study of Subcutaneous Versus (vs.) Intravenous Administration of Daratumumab in Participants With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03277105
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 8, 2017
Results First Posted : July 27, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to show that subcutaneous (SC) administration of daratumumab co-formulated with recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (Dara SC) is non-inferior to intravenous (IV) administration of daratumumab (Dara IV) in terms of the overall response rate (ORR) and maximum trough concentration (Ctrough).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: Dara SC Drug: Dara IV Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The study population will consist of adults diagnosed with multiple myeloma who have received at least 3 prior lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and an immunomodulatory drug (IMiD), or whose disease is refractory to both a PI and an IMiD. The study consists of 3 phases: a screening phase (up to 28 days), a treatment phase, and a follow-up phase. Efficacy, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, biomarkers and safety will be assessed at scheduled time. Follow-up will continue until the end of the data collection period, approximately 24 months after the last participant was randomized or when the median overall survival for both arms has been reached, whichever occurs first. The primary hypotheses is that the ORR and maximum Ctrough for Dara SC 1800 milligram (mg) are not inferior to the ORR and maximum Ctrough, respectively, for Dara IV 16 mg per kilogram (mg/kg) in participants with multiple myeloma who have received at least 3 prior lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and an immunomodulatory drug (IMiD), or whose disease is refractory to both a PI and an IMiD.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 522 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Randomized, Multicenter Study of Subcutaneous vs. Intravenous Administration of Daratumumab in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : October 27, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 27, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 28, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma
Drug Information available for: Daratumumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dara SC
Participants will receive a fixed dose of daratumumab as 1800 milligram (mg) subcutaneously (Dara SC) co-formulated with recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) 2000 Unit per milliliter (U/mL), once weekly in Cycle 1 and 2, every 2 weeks in Cycle 3 to 6, every 4 weeks in Cycle 7 and thereafter until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or the end of study. The duration for each cycle is 4 weeks.
Drug: Dara SC
Participants will receive a fixed dose of Dara SC as 1800 mg daratumumab with rHuPH20 2000 U/mL, once weekly in Cycle 1 and 2, every 2 weeks in Cycle 3 to 6, every 4 weeks in Cycle 7 and thereafter until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or the end of study.

Active Comparator: Dara IV
Participants will receive daratumumab for intravenous infusion (Dara IV) 16 mg/kg once weekly in Cycle 1 and 2, every 2 weeks in Cycle 3 to 6, every 4 weeks on Day 1 in Cycle 7 and thereafter until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or the end of study. The duration for each cycle is 4 weeks. For Participants still receiving treatment with Dara-IV at the time of Protocol Amendment 4 the duration of infusion may be shortened to a 90-minute infusion or participants will have the option to switch to Dara 1800 mg subcutaneous (SC) on Day 1 of any cycle, at the discretion of the investigator.
Drug: Dara SC
Participants will receive a fixed dose of Dara SC as 1800 mg daratumumab with rHuPH20 2000 U/mL, once weekly in Cycle 1 and 2, every 2 weeks in Cycle 3 to 6, every 4 weeks in Cycle 7 and thereafter until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or the end of study.

Drug: Dara IV
Participants will receive Dara IV 16 mg/kg once weekly in Cycle 1 and 2, every 2 weeks in Cycle 3 to 6, every 4 weeks in Cycle 7 and thereafter until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or the end of study.
Other Name: JNJ-54767414




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved partial response (PR) or better according to international myeloma working group (IMWG) criteria, during or after study treatment. IMWG criteria for PR: greater than or equal to (>=) 50 percent (%) reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >=90% or to less than (<) 200 milligram (mg)/24 hours, If the serum and urine M-proteins are not measurable, a decrease of >=50% in the difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC) levels were required in place of the M-protein criteria, If serum and urine M-protein are not measurable, and serum free light assay was also not measurable, >=50% reduction in bone marrow plasma cells (PCs) was required in place of M-protein, provided baseline bone marrow plasma cell percentage was >=30%. In addition to the above criteria, if present at baseline, a >=50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas was also required.

  2. Maximum Trough Concentration (Ctrough) of Daratumumab [ Time Frame: Predose on Cycle 3 Day 1 (each cycle of 28 days) ]
    Maximum Ctrough was defined as the serum predose concentration of daratumumab on Cycle 3 Day 1.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Treatment-emergent Infusion-related Reactions (IRR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Percentage of participants with treatment-emergent infusion-related reactions were reported.

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    PFS was defined as time from date of randomization to either progression of disease (PD), death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. IMWG criteria for PD: Increase of 25% from lowest response value in any one of the following: Serum M component (absolute increase must be >=0.5 grams per deciliter (g/dL), Urine M-component (absolute increase must be >=200 mg/24 hours), Participants without measurable serum and urine Mprotein levels: difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC) levels (absolute increase must be >10 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels and without measurable disease by FLC levels, bone marrow PC% (absolute percentage must be >=10%), definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or increase in size of bone lesions or tissue plasmacytomas and development of hypercalcemia (serum calcium >11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to PC proliferative disorder.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) or Better [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    VGPR or better was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved VGPR or better (VGPR, complete response (CR) or stringent complete response [sCR]), based on computerized algorithm as per IMWG criteria during or after the study treatment. IMWG criteria for VGPR: Serum and urine M-component detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis, or >=90 percent (%) reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein <100 milligrams (mg)/24 hours, CR: Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and <5% plasma cellS (PCs) in bone marrow. sCR: CR plus normal FLC ratio, and absence of clonal PCs by immunohistochemistry (IHC), immunofluorescencea or 2- to 4 color flow cytometry.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Complete Response (Including sCR) or Better [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    CR or better was defined as percentage of participants with a CR or better (CR or stringent complete response [sCR]) based on computerized algorithm as per IMWG criteria. IMWG criteria for CR- negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and <5% PCs in bone marrow. sCR: CR plus normal FLC ratio, and absence of clonal PCs by IHC, immunofluorescencea or 2- to 4 color flow cytometry.

  5. Time to Next Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to next therapy was defined as the time from randomization to the start of the first subsequent anti-cancer therapy.

  6. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    OS was defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of the participant's death due to any cause.

  7. Patient-Reported Satisfaction With Therapy as Assessed With Cancer Therapy Satisfaction Questionnaire (CTSQ) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (Days 8,15 and 22), Cycle 2 (Days 1,8,15 and 22), Cycle 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21 and 22 (Day 1) ]
    Modified-CTSQ contain 9 items (2 items for Thoughts about Cancer Therapy and 7 items in a defined domain of Satisfaction with Therapy) specific to satisfaction with therapy and for comparison of SC and IV administration. Satisfaction with therapy was calculated based on 7-items using 5-point verbal rating scale, where 1= never and 5= always. Scores were averaged and transformed to a 0-100 scale; higher scores represent better health. At least 5 of the 7 items within the Satisfaction with Therapy domain had to be completed to calculate a domain score. No domain score was calculated for Thoughts about Cancer Therapy.

  8. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Duration of response was defined as the duration from the date of initial documentation of a response (PR or better) to the date of first documented evidence of progressive disease according to the IMWG criteria. PD was defined as an increase of 25 % from the lowest response value in one of the following: serum and urine M-component (absolute increase must be >= 0.5 g/dL and >=200 mg/24 hours respectively); Only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels (absolute increase must be > 10 mg/dL); Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas or definite increase in the size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to PC proliferative disorder.

  9. Time to Partial Response (PR) or Better [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to PR or better was defined as the time from randomization until onset of first response of PR or better.

  10. Time to Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) or Better [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to VGPR or better was defined as the time from randomization until onset of first VGPR or better.

  11. Time to Complete Response (CR) or Better [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to CR or better was defined as the time from randomization until onset of first CR or better.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of a response (Partial response [PR] or better based on investigator's determination of response by international myeloma working group [IMWG] criteria) to at least 1 prior treatment regimen
  • Received at least 3 prior lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor (PI) (greater than or equal to [>=] 2 cycles or 2 months of treatment) and an immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) (>=2 cycles or 2 months of treatment) in any order during the course of treatment (except for participants who discontinued either of these treatments due to a severe allergic reaction within the first 2 cycles/months). A single line of therapy may consist of 1 or more agents, and may include induction, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and maintenance therapy. Radiotherapy, bisphosphonate, or a single short course of corticosteroids (no more than the equivalent of dexamethasone 40 milligram/day [mg/day] for 4 days) would not be considered prior lines of therapy
  • Documented multiple myeloma as defined by the criteria below:

    1. Multiple myeloma diagnosis according to the IMWG diagnostic criteria
    2. Measurable disease at Screening as defined by any of the following:

      1. Serum M-protein level >=1.0 gram per deciliter (g/dL) or urine M-protein level >=200 mg/24 hours; or
      2. Light chain multiple myeloma without measurable disease in the serum or the urine: Serum immunoglobulin free light chain (FLC) >=10 mg/dL and abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa lambda FLC ratio
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2
  • Meet the clinical laboratory criteria as specified in the protocol
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test at screening within 14 days prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Received daratumumab or other anti-CD38 therapies previously
  • Received anti-myeloma treatment within 2 weeks or 5 pharmacokinetic half-lives of the treatment, whichever is longer, before the date of randomization. The only exception is emergency use of a short course of corticosteroids (equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg/day for a maximum of 4 days) before treatment
  • Received autologous stem cell transplant within 12 weeks before the date of randomization, or the participant has previously received allogeneic stem cell transplant (regardless of timing)
  • Plans to undergo a stem cell transplant prior to progression of disease on this study (these participants should not be enrolled to reduce disease burden prior to transplant)
  • History of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) unless all treatment of that malignancy was completed at least 2 years before consent and the patient has no evidence of disease. Further exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or breast, or other non-invasive lesion, that in the opinion of the investigator, with concurrence with the sponsor's medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03277105


Locations
Show Show 147 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 21, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 12, 2019

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03277105    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR108342
2017-000206-38 ( EudraCT Number )
54767414MMY3012 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
First Posted: September 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 27, 2020
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases