Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Versus Rivaroxaban In Atrial Fibrillation Patients Treated With Left Atrial Appendage Closure (ADRIFT)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03273322|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 6, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Appendage Hemorrhage||Drug: Rivaroxaban 10 mg qd Drug: Rivaroxaban 15 mg qd Drug: DAPT||Phase 2 Phase 3|
Data on antithrombotic therapy after Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC) are scarce and no randomized evaluation has been performed to demonstrate what is the best antithrombotic strategy following LAAC. LAAC is classically associated with a 6-week period of anticoagulation with warfarin + aspirin followed by once daily clopidogrel (75 mg) + aspirin (81-325 mg) until the 6 months visit, then aspirin alone is continued indefinitely, as tested in patients without contraindication for anticoagulation in the pivotal Watchman trials. LAAC is mostly used in Europe as an alternative to warfarin anticoagulation when patients have a contraindication to or are unsuitable for warfarin anticoagulation. The classic regimen is not applicable and believed to be too risky in such frail patients. These patients usually receive a regimen of daily clopidogrel + aspirin followed by single antiplatelet therapy (most frequently used treatment). Some patients receive oral anticoagulation without aspirin, including NOAC anticoagulation. Rivaroxaban is a tempting strategy for anticoagulation following LAAC in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The dose needs first to be carefully evaluated the trial propose a dose ranging study in patients who have undergone successful LAAC.
The study will evaluate two different Rivaroxaban regimen (10 or 15 mg a day) in comparison to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (aspirin+clopidogrel : control arm representing standard of care) after successful LAAC. The aim is to investigate whether rivaroxaban could provide correct anticoagulation levels and adequately suppress coagulation activation after LAAC.
The patient will be enrolled after left atrial appendage closure before discharge. The randomization is 1/1/1 between the 3 groups : rivaroxaban 10mg a day, rivaroxaban 15 mg a day and aspirin 75mg + clopidogrel 75 mg a day. At 10 and 90 days, the patients will be sampled for biological assessment : Prothrombin fragments 1+2, Factor Xa inhibitory activity, Russel Viper venom enzyme assay, thrombin anti-thrombin (TAT) complex, D-Dimers, Prothrombin time (Neoplastin) and plasma von Willebrand factor (vWf) Ag level
After 90 days, the patient will end his/her participation in the trial. Clinical endpoints (death, MI, Stroke, TIA, systemic embolism, extracranial major bleeding or clinically relevant non major bleeding) at 90 days will be assessed by a clinical endpoint committee. Central echographic laboratory will review all 90 days transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to detect the presence of thrombus or peri-device leak.
The study is open-label. Central laboratory, clinical endpoint committee and echographic core laboratory is blinded to randomization arm.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||105 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Versus Rivaroxaban In Atrial Fibrillation Patients Treated With Left Atrial Appendage Closure: The Randomized ADRIFT Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 13, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 20, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 30, 2019|
Experimental: 1: Rivaroxaban 10 mg qd
Rivaroxaban 10 mg, 1 tablet a day, from randomization to Day 90 should be taken between 8 and 10 AM
Drug: Rivaroxaban 10 mg qd
Other Name: Experimental
Experimental: 2: Rivaroxaban 15 mg qd
Rivaroxaban 15 mg, 1 tablet a day, from randomization to Day 90
should be taken between 8 and 10 AM
Drug: Rivaroxaban 15 mg qd
Other Name: Experimental
Active Comparator: 3: DAPT
Aspirin 75 mg, 1 a day Clopidogrel 75 mg, 1 tablet a day from randomization to Day 90 should be taken between 8 and 10 AM
Aspirin 75 mg qd + Clopidogrel 75 mg qd
Other Name: Active comparator
- Measure of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]Measure of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 at Day 10 (2 to 4 hours after last intake : concentration peak)
- Measure of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Measure of prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 at Day 90 (2 to 4 hours after last intake : concentration peak)
- Factor Xa inhibitory activity at day 10 [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]Factor Xa inhibitory activity
- Factor Xa inhibitory activity at day 90 [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Factor Xa inhibitory activity
- Russel Viper venom enzyme assay [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Russel Viper venom enzyme assay
- TAT complex [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]TAT complex
- TAT complex [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]TAT complex
- D-Dimers [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]D-Dimersand at peak, 2 to 4 hours after treatment intake
- D-Dimers [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]D-Dimersand at peak, 2 to 4 hours after treatment intake
- Prothrombin time (Neoplastin) [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]Prothrombin time (Neoplastin)
- Prothrombin time (Neoplastin) [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Prothrombin time (Neoplastin)
- Plasma vWf Ag level [ Time Frame: at Day 10 ]plasma vWf Ag level treatment intake
- Plasma vWf Ag level [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]plasma vWf Ag level treatment intake
- Haemorrhagic stroke and bleeding will be safety outcomes TEE with central core lab reading: presence of thrombus, peri-device leak [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Haemorrhagic stroke and bleeding will be safety outcomes 3-month TEE with central core lab reading: presence of thrombus, peri-device leak
- Composite clinical endpoint combining all clinical outcomes [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Composite clinical endpoint combining all clinical outcomes : Death, MI, stroke, TIA,
- Death (any cause) [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Death (any cause) assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
- Myocardial infarction (MI) [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Myocardial infarction (MI) assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
- Stroke (ischaemic stroke, haemorrhagic stroke) [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Stroke (ischaemic stroke, haemorrhagic stroke) assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
- Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
- Systemic embolism [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Systemic embolism assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
- Extracranial major bleeding or clinically relevant non major bleeding (ISTH definition) at day 90 [ Time Frame: at Day 90 ]Extracranial major bleeding or clinically relevant non major bleeding (ISTH definition) assessed individually and combined at other outcomes
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Men and women ≥18 years of age
- Patients who underwent a clinically successful LAAC procedure (device implanted without procedural or bleeding complication). LAAC may have been indicated for patients contraindicated or unsuitable for long-term Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) anticoagulation.
- AF (permanent or persistent or paroxysmal) patients irrespective of prior antithrombotic treatment are eligible for randomization.
- Written informed consent by the patient or designee if the patient is unable to consent
- Patients affiliated to the French social security system
- Creatinine clearance <30 mL / min (Cockcroft formula).
- Mechanical heart valves or valvular disease requiring surgery or interventional procedure
- Planned Ablation of AF during follow up period
- Mandatory indication for dual antiplatelet therapy (e.g. recent stent) or single anti-platelet treatment (SAPT) (e.g. high coronary risk).
- Any contra-indication or known allergy to aspirin or clopidogrel or rivaroxaban.
- Any mandatory indication for anticoagulation for a reason other than AF (e.g. Pulmonary embolism)
- Ongoing major bleeding or complicated or recent (<72hours) major surgery
- Known large oesophageal varices or decompensated liver disease (unless a documented positive opinion of a gastro-enterologist)
- Severe thrombocytopenia (<50,000/ml) after referral to haematologist to confirm or not contraindication
- Recent myocardial infarction (<6 weeks).
- Recent cerebro-vascular event (CVE) or transient ischemic attack (<6 weeks) after evaluation of stroke vs bleeding risk by the referring neurologist.
- Recent Intracranial bleeding (< 6 months): these patients will be evaluated by a neurologist as these patients may be considered at higher stroke risk. Neurologist may consider that the LAAC procedure with a short (90 days) period of anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy as tested in the protocol is a preferable option (in that case intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) will not be considered as a contraindication).
- Prasugrel or ticagrelor concomitant use
- Participating in an investigational drug or another device trial within the previous 30 days.
- High likelihood of being unavailable for follow-up or psycho-social condition making study participation impractical.
- Woman with child bearing potential who do not use an efficient method of contraception.
- positive serum or urine pregnancy test for woman with child bearing potential
- Pregnancy or within 48 hours post-partum or breast feeding women
- Patient under legal protection
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03273322
|Institut de Cardiologie - Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière|
|Paris, France, 75013|
|Principal Investigator:||Gilles MONTALESCOT, MD, PhD||Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière Paris|
|Responsible Party:||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||September 6, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||December 21, 2021|
|Last Verified:||November 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Left atrial appendage closure
Dual antiplatelet therapy
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action