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A Study of Crisaborole Ointment 2% in Adult Japanese Healthy Subjects and Adult Japanese Subjects With Mild To Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03260595
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2017
Results First Posted : March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 1 parallel-cohort study of crisaborole ointment 2% to evaluate the skin irritation potential in adult Japanese healthy subjects in Cohort 1, and to evaluate the safety, tolerability and PK in adult Japanese subjects with mild to moderate AD in Cohort 2.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Atopic Dermatitis Drug: Crisaborole ointment 2% Drug: Vehicle Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Phase 1, Single-center, Randomized, Vehicle-controlled, Parallel-cohort Study Of Crisaborole Ointment 2% To Evaluate The Skin Irritation Potential In Adult Japanese Healthy Subjects, And To Evaluate The Safety, Tolerability And Pharmacokinetics In Adult Japanese Subjects With Mild To Moderate Atopic Dermatitis
Actual Study Start Date : September 13, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 27, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 27, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eczema
Drug Information available for: Crisaborole

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Crisaborole ointment 2% Drug: Crisaborole ointment 2%
Crisaborole ointment 2%

Placebo Comparator: Vehicle Drug: Vehicle
Vehicle




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cohort 1: Skin Irritation Index [ Time Frame: Day 3 to 4 ]
    The skin irritation index is a common measure of skin irritation potential (safety criteria) of investigational product and derived using skin irritation scores. Individual skin irritation score ranges from 0-4, where 0 = no reaction, 0.5 = mild erythema, 1 = erythema, 2 = erythema with edema and papula, 3 = erythema with edema, papula and small water blister, 4 = large water blister, higher score indicates more skin irritation. For each investigational product, the skin irritation index was calculated as the sum of the maximum individual skin irritation scores divided by the number of evaluable participants and multiplied by 100, which ranged from 0 to 400; where, lower score indicated less skin irritation and higher score indicated more skin irritation.

  2. Cohort 2: Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) And Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 36 ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Treatment-emergent were events between first dose of study drug and up to 28 days after last dose of study drug (up to Day 36) that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pre-treatment state. AEs included both SAEs and non-serious AEs.

  3. Cohort 2: Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Vital Signs Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline up to end of treatment (Day 8) ]
    Vital signs included pulse rate and blood pressure. Clinical significance of vital signs was determined at the investigator's discretion.

  4. Cohort 2: Number of Participants With Laboratory Tests Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline up to end of treatment (Day 8) ]
    Laboratory tests abnormalities included: hematology (haemoglobin[Hb], haematocrit and erythrocytes<0.8*lower limit of normal[LLN]; erythrocyte mean corpuscular volume, erythrocyte mean corpuscular Hb and erythrocyte mean corpuscular Hb concentration <0.9*LLN and >1.1*upper limit of normal[ULN]; platelets <0.5*LLN and >1.75*ULN; leukocytes <0.6*LLN and >1.5*ULN; lymphocytes/leukocytes[%], neutrophils/leukocytes[%] <0.8*LLN and >1.2*ULN; basophils/leukocytes[%], eosinophils/leukocytes[%], monocytes/leukocytes[% ]>1.2*ULN); clinical chemistry(bilirubin>1.5*ULN; aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase>3.0*ULN; protein and albumin<0.8*LLN and >1.2*ULN; urea nitrogen and creatinine >1.3*ULN; urate>1.2*ULN; sodium <0.95*LLN and >1.05*ULN; potassium, chloride and calcium <0.9*LLN and >1.1*ULN; fasting glucose <0.6*LLN and >1.5*ULN); and urinalysis (pH <4.5 and >8; glucose, ketones, protein, Hb, urobilinogen, bilirubin, nitrite and leukocyte esterase >=1).

  5. Cohort 2: Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Electrocardiogram (ECG) Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline up to end of treatment (Day 8) ]
    Criteria for clinically significant ECG abnormalities included: QT interval >=500 milliseconds (msec); QT interval corrected using the Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >=450 msec to <480 msec, >=480 msec and >=500 msec; increase from baseline in QTcF interval >=30 msec to <60 msec and >=60 msec.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cohort 1: Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) And Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 29 ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Treatment-emergent were events between first dose of study drug and up to 28 days after last dose of study drug (up to Day 29) that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pre-treatment state. AEs included both SAEs and non-serious AEs.

  2. Cohort 2: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and Day 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole.

  3. Cohort 2: Time to Reach Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of Crisaborole and Its Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and Day 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole.

  4. Cohort 2: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time Zero Until the Last Measurable Concentration (AUClast) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and Day 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole.

  5. Cohort 2: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time Zero to the 24 Hours Post-Dose (AUC24) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites (AN7602 and AN8323) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and Day 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole.

  6. Cohort 2: Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time Zero to Tau (12 Hours Dosing Interval) (AUCtau) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and Day 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole. AUC tau was defined as area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time 0 to time tau, the dosing interval, where tau =12 hours.

  7. Cohort 2: Accumulation Ratio for Cmax (Rac [Cmax]) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole. Accumulation ratio for Cmax (Rac, Cmax) was calculated as Cmax on Day 8 divided by Cmax on Day 1. Cmax was the maximum plasma concentration of Crisaborole and its identified main oxidative metabolites.

  8. Cohort 2: Accumulation Ratio for AUCtau (Rac [AUCtau]) of Crisaborole and Its Identified Main Oxidative Metabolites [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 3, 12 and 24 hours post-dose on Day 1 and 8 ]
    AN7602 and AN8323 were the main identified oxidative metabolites of Crisaborole. Accumulation ratio for AUCtau (Rac) was calculated as area under the curve from time zero to end of dosing interval (AUCtau) on Day 8 divided by AUCtau on Day 1. Dosing interval = 12 hours.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Cohort 1

  1. Healthy male Japanese subjects who, at the time of screening, are between the ages of 20 and 55 years, inclusive.
  2. Healthy skin on which reddening can be easily recognized in the area of the test fields.

Cohort 2

  1. Male or female Japanese subjects aged 20 years to 55 years (inclusive) at the time of screening, and in generally good health except for AD.
  2. Diagnosis of AD based on the criteria of Hanifin and Rajka (1980).
  3. Has at least 25% Treatable %BSA on Day 1 (excluding the scalp and designated venous access areas).
  4. Has an Investigator's static global assessment (ISGA) score of Mild (2) or Moderate (3) on Day 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

Cohort 1

  1. Subjects who have any visible skin disease at the application site which, in the opinion of the investigative personnel, will interfere with the evaluation of the test site reaction.
  2. Subjects who have psoriasis and/or active AD/eczema.
  3. Subjects who have a history of AD.
  4. Subjects who have damaged skin in or around the test sites, including sunburn, excessively deep tans, uneven skin tones, tattoos, scars, excessive hair, numerous freckles, or other disfigurations of the test site.
  5. Known sensitivity to any of the components of the investigational products.
  6. History of the rash to the adhesive plaster, contact dermatitis to metal, or cosmetic and household articles.

Cohort 2

  1. Has any clinically significant medical disorder, condition, disease (including active or potentially recurrent dermatological conditions other than AD), significant physical examination or laboratory findings that may interfere with study objectives, in the Investigator's opinion.
  2. Has unstable AD or a consistent requirement for strong to strongest potency topical corticosteroids to manage AD signs and symptoms.
  3. Has a significant active systemic or localized infection, including known actively infected AD.
  4. Has a history or evidence of clinically significant or severe allergies (eg, seasonal, pet dander, environmental, food) requiring acute or chronic treatment.
  5. Has recent or anticipated concomitant use of topical or systemic therapies that might alter the course of AD.
  6. Has a history of recent (within 4 weeks of Day 1) sunbathing, tanning bed use, or ultraviolet (UV) light B therapy (UVB) or psoralen plus UVA [PUVA]).
  7. Has a known sensitivity to any of the components of crisaborole ointment 2%.
  8. Pregnant female subjects; breastfeeding female subjects; female subjects of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use a highly effective method of contraception as outlined in this protocol for the duration of the study and for at least 28 days after the last dose of investigational product.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03260595


Locations
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Japan
Medical Corporation Heishinkai OPHAC Hospital
Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan, 532-0003
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
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Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 14, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 30, 2017


Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03260595     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C3291029
First Posted: August 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 1, 2019
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Information relating to our policy on data sharing and the process for requesting data can be found at the following link: http://www.pfizer.com/research/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dermatitis
Dermatitis, Atopic
Eczema
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases