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miRNA-452 in Patients With Preeclampsia and Its Correlation With MMP-9

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03258125
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
FYAli, Assiut University

Brief Summary:
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy related disease characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in previously normotensive women. PE is one of the most challenging diseases in obstetrics worldwide that affects 2-8 % of pregnancies causing both morbidity and mortality of both mother and fetus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Preeclampsia Genetic: real time PCR (rPCR)

Detailed Description:

The etiology and pathophysiology of preeclampsia are still unclear but the impaired invasive ability of the trophoblast cells of the placenta and vascular endothelial cell damage are the main two factors. The invasiveness of trophoblast cells depends on the production of proteases, particularly matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). MMPs are a family of 24 zinc dependent endopeptidases capable of degrading extra cellular matrix components. MMP-9 plays an important role in placental invasion and implantation.

MicroRNAs (miRs) are a class of small (19-24 nucleotides in length), single-stranded, non-protein-coding RNAs, which suppress translation or promote the degradation of target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and thus play an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and even development of cancer.

The role of miRNA in preeclampsia pathogenesis has been investigated in a number of studies. One of the target areas of the miRNAs that forms a link with preeclampsia pathogenesis is the dysregulation of trophoblast differentiation, proliferation, and invasion; this occurs during early pregnancy and leads to the development of preeclampsia; a range of miRNAs have been confirmed to play pivotal roles in these processes by targeting a number of different genes.

MiR-452 is a newly discovered cancer related type of miRNA that was shown to be involved in invasion process where it was upregulated in certain types of cancer such as blad¬der cancer, urothelial carcinoma, and hepatocellular carcinoma and was found to be significantly decreased in other types of cancer such as non-small cell lung cancer , glioma, prostate cancer and Gastric cell cancer.

Based on these previous studies which demonstrate the effect of miR-452 in invasion process of cancer cells either by stimulation or inhibition and that preeclampsia is a disease of impaired placental invasion in which MMP-9 play an important role, we will investigate the placental tissues expression changes of miR-452 which is not studied yet in early onset preeclampsia patients compared to control and try to find a possible mechanism by which it act on placental invasion by measuring expression level of MMP-9 and making correlation between them. The results of this study will provide experimental and theo¬retical basis for clinical prediction, prevention and treatment of preeclampsia.


Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Expression of miRNA-452 in Patients With Early Onset Preeclampsia and Its Correlation With MMP-9
Estimated Study Start Date : January 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
severe EOPE
EOPE: PE starting before 34 weeks gestation Severe PE (Blood pressure more than 160/ 110 mm Hg on 2 occasions 2 hours to 2 weeks apart and proteinuria ( 24-hour urine protein >2000 mg/d).
Genetic: real time PCR (rPCR)
A villus tissue (2.5 cm * 2.5 cm * 2.5 cm) will be cut off immediately from the center of placenta, avoiding the area of infarction, bleeding or calcification. After being washed with normal saline, the tissue will be preserved in liquid nitro¬gen at once for subsequent detection of miR-452 and MMP-9 expression by real time PCR (r-PCR). During this procedure total RNA will be extracted including miR-452 and mRNA of MMP-9. Then by reverse transcriptase RNA will be converted into DNA which will be amplification during the PCR, i.e. in real-time, and not at its end, as in conventional PCR. Expression of miR-452 and MMP-9 will be estimated and correlated with each other.

control
Healthy Pregnant women who come for termination of pregnancy by vaginal delivery or CS between 28-34 weeks gestational age.
Genetic: real time PCR (rPCR)
A villus tissue (2.5 cm * 2.5 cm * 2.5 cm) will be cut off immediately from the center of placenta, avoiding the area of infarction, bleeding or calcification. After being washed with normal saline, the tissue will be preserved in liquid nitro¬gen at once for subsequent detection of miR-452 and MMP-9 expression by real time PCR (r-PCR). During this procedure total RNA will be extracted including miR-452 and mRNA of MMP-9. Then by reverse transcriptase RNA will be converted into DNA which will be amplification during the PCR, i.e. in real-time, and not at its end, as in conventional PCR. Expression of miR-452 and MMP-9 will be estimated and correlated with each other.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Expression of miRNA-452 and MMP-9. [ Time Frame: one year ]
    real time polymerase chain reaction


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Differences in placental and neonatal weight between the two groups [ Time Frame: one year ]
    weight the placenta and fetus in kilograms



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   pregnant women coming for delivery.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Pregnant women who come for termination of pregnancy by vaginal delivery or CS between 28-34 weaks gestational age in Assiut university maternity hospital in the age range of 18-40 years.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women who come for termination of pregnancy by vaginal delivery or CS between 28-34 weaks gestational age in Assiut university maternity hospital in the age range of 18-40 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Diabetes mellitus 2) Chronic hypertension 3) Nephropathy 4) Acute or chronic infectious diseases or other chronic illness 5) Twins pregnancy 6) Anti phospholipid antibody syndrome 7) PE complicated with eclampsia, DIC or HELP syndrome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03258125


Contacts
Contact: Fatma Abbas 00201008513693 fatma_y25@yahoo.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Assiut University

Responsible Party: FYAli, principal investigator, Assiut University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03258125     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: miR-452PE
First Posted: August 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pre-Eclampsia
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
Pregnancy Complications