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Nivolumab in Combination With Chemotherapy, or Nivolumab in Combination With Ipilimumab, in Advanced EGFR-Mutant or ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03256136
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alice Shaw, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is studying a drug intervention as a possible treatment for lung cancer.

The drugs involved in this study are:

  • Nivolumab
  • Carboplatin
  • Pemetrexed
  • Ipilimumab

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Nivolumab Drug: pemetrexed Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has approved Nivolumab as a treatment for other types of cancers including lung cancer. However, the combination of Nivolumab with other drugs (such as those being tested in this study) has not been approved by the FDA as a treatment for this type of lung cancer.

The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness (how well the drug works), safety, and tolerability of the drug Nivolumab in combination with standard of care chemotherapies, or in combination with Ipilimumab. Nivolumab and Ipilimumab are antibodies (a type of human protein) that are being tested to see if they will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells. This study is being done to see if Nivolumab and Ipilimumab, or Nivolumab and chemotherapy drugs (Carboplatin and Pemetrexed), are more effective against cancer when administered together.

These drugs are given as infusions. They are designed to "boost" the immune system's ability to suppress or kill cancer cells that are foreign to the human body.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Nivolumab in Combination With Carboplatin and Pemetrexed, or Nivolumab in Combination With Ipilimumab, in Patients With Advanced, EGFR-mutant or ALK-rearranged, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 22, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 19, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : August 19, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab EGFR
Nivolumab administered intravenously every 2 weeks Ipilimumab administered intravenously every 6 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: Ipilimumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Yervoy

Experimental: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab ALK
Nivolumab administered intravenously every 2 weeks Ipilimumab administered intravenously every 6 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: Ipilimumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Yervoy

Experimental: Nivolumab + Carboplatin + Pemetrexed with EGFR Chemo naive
Nivolumab administered intravenously every 3 weeks Carboplatin administered intravenously every 3 weeks Pemetrexed administered intravenously every 3 weeks
Drug: Carboplatin
Chemotherapy
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Nivolumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: pemetrexed
Chemo therapy
Other Name: Alimta

Experimental: Nivolumab + Carboplatin + Pemetrexed ALK Chemo naive
Nivolumab administered intravenously every 3 weeks Carboplatin administered intravenously every 3 weeks Pemetrexed administered intravenously every 3 weeks
Drug: Carboplatin
Chemotherapy
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Nivolumab
will allow the body's immune system to work against tumor cells
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: pemetrexed
Chemo therapy
Other Name: Alimta




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) per RECIST version 1.1


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST version 1.1

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from initiation of the study drugs to progression or death, whichever occurs first

  3. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from initiation of the study drugs to date of death due to any cause

  4. Duration Of Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from the first documentation of objective tumor response (CR or PR) to the first documentation of objective tumor progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced (stage IIIB or IV) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

    • ALK-rearranged NSCLC: ALK rearrangement as assessed by ALK FISH, IHC, or next-generation sequencing (NGS). For ALK FISH, rearrangements must be detected in >15% of tumor cells.
    • EGFR-mutant NSCLC: EGFR activating gene mutation (e.g., L858R, exon 19 deletion) as well as a T790M mutation per local testing.
  • Presence of at least one measurable lesion as defined by RECIST v1.1. A previously irradiated site lesion may only be counted as a target lesion if there is clear sign of progression since the completion of irradiation.
  • Prior treatment with appropriate tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) as follows:

    • ALK-positive NSCLC (cohorts B and D): Participants must have progressed on or after 1 or more next-generation ALK-TKI(s).
    • EGFR-mutant NSCLC (cohorts A and C): Participants must have progressed on or after 1 or more third-generation, T790M mutant-selective EGFR-TKI(s).
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy requirements are as follows:

    • Nivolumab plus carboplatin and pemetrexed arms (cohorts A and B): NO prior systemic chemotherapy is allowed. NOTE: Prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy is allowed if received more than 12 months prior to the study.
    • Nivolumab plus ipilimumab arms (cohorts C and D): Participants must have received a platinum-based combination chemotherapy for their advanced lung cancer and either progressed on/after this chemotherapy or are intolerant. Only ONE line of chemotherapy is allowed. NOTE: Prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not count as an additional line of chemotherapy if received more than 12 months prior to the study.
  • Tumor tissue sample is required following the participant's last line of systemic therapy (TKI or chemotherapy). Tissue sample may be fresh (core needle, excisional, or incisional biopsy), or archival if obtained within 6 months prior to enrollment. There can have been no systemic therapy administered after the sample was obtained. If a tissue sample is available but it has been > 6 months and there has been no intervening therapy, the Principal Investigator may approve the sample after discussion. PD-L1 IHC testing will be performed on the tumor tissue, but positivity on the PD-L1 IHC testing is not required to enroll in the study.
  • Clinically asymptomatic and stable central nervous system (CNS) metastases are allowed (including untreated CNS metastases) if they have not required increasing doses of steroids or stable doses equivalent to prednisone > 10 mg daily within 2 weeks prior to study entry for CNS symptoms.
  • Prior palliative radiotherapy must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Subjects must have been off any prior systemic anti-cancer treatment (including TKIs) for at least 5 half-lives of that drug.
  • Age ≥ 18 years old.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  • Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria:

    • WBC ≥ 2.0 x 109/L
    • Neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelet ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9/dL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance using Cockcroft-Gault formula ≥ 50 mL/min

      • Female CrCl = (140-age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
      • Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except in patients with Gilbert's syndrome who may have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
    • AST and ALT ≤ 3.0 x ULN (or ≤ 5.0 x ULN if liver metastases are present)
  • Females of child-bearing potential (defined as a sexually mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or has not been naturally post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months) must:

    • Have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test obtained within 24 hours prior to starting the investigational drug.
    • Not be breastfeeding.
    • Agree to use, and be able to comply with, highly effective contraception (failure rate less than 1% per year) without interruption while on study treatment plus 5 half-lives of nivolumab (half-life up to 25 days) plus 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle) for a total of 23 weeks post treatment completion. Complete abstinence is acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Period abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception. Examples of non-hormonal contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established and proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. Alternatively, two methods (e.g., two barrier methods from the options of diaphragm, cervical cap, vaginal sponge, and condom, or progesterone-only oral hormonal contraception where inhibition of ovulation is not the primary mode of action) may be combined to achieve a failure rate of < 1% per year. Barrier methods must always be supplemented with the use of a spermicide.
  • Male subjects agree to remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that result in a failure rate of <1% per year during sexual contact with a female of childbearing potential while participating in the study, during dose interruptions, and for 31 weeks following the last dose of the study treatment, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy. Abstinence is only acceptable if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable.
  • Subject has the ability to understand and provide signed informed consent.
  • Subject has the willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects previously treated with T cell immune-modulating antibodies, including anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1 and/or anti-PD-L1 agents.
  • Subjects with symptomatic brain metastases, carcinomatous meningitis, spinal cord compression, or intractable back pain due to compression of destructive mass.
  • Subjects with active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of randomization (unless used to treat investigational drug-related adverse events). Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • Subjects with interstitial lung disease or interstitial pneumonitis that is symptomatic or may interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity.
  • Subjects must have recovered from the effects of major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 14 days prior to screening. No major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery, is allowed within 4 weeks prior to treatment in the study.
  • Co-administration of anti-cancer therapies other than those administered in the study.
  • Subjects with other active malignancy requiring concurrent intervention.
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV-positive participants are ineligible because these participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, and because there is the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with combination antiretroviral therapy and study drugs.
  • Any positive test for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • Subjects with ≥ grade 2 peripheral neuropathy at enrollment per the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE).
  • Pregnant or lactating women. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the study drugs (i.e., nivolumab, ipilimumab, carboplatin, and pemetrexed) have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with these agents, breastfeeding should be discontinued.
  • Subjects currently enrolled in any other clinical protocol or investigational trial that involves administration of experimental therapy and/or therapeutic devices, or investigational drug.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to any study drugs or their excipients.
  • Any known clinically significant concomitant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that, in the investigator's opinion, would prevent the subject from participating in the study, pose an unacceptable risk to the patient in this study, or interfere with the interpretation of safety results.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03256136


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Massachusetts general Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02214
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alice Shaw, MD, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Alice Shaw, Director, Center for Thoracic Cancers, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03256136    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-011
First Posted: August 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Alice Shaw, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Lung Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carboplatin
Nivolumab
Pemetrexed
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors