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Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone, and Elotuzumab With or Without Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Relapsed Primary Amyloidosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03252600
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Multiple Myeloma Research Consortium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeffrey Zonder, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and eotuzumab with or without cyclophosphamide work in treating patients with primary amyloidosis that has come back after a period of improvement. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as eotuzumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and eotuzumab with cyclophosphamide may work better in treating patients with primary amyloidosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Primary Amyloidosis Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Dexamethasone Biological: Elotuzumab Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lenalidomide Other: Pharmacological Study Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the rate of hematologic response of very good partial response (VGPR) or better according to the International Society of Amyloidosis (ISA) hematologic response criteria.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess duration of hematologic response. II. To assess time to hematologic progression. III. To assess overall hematologic response rate. IV. To assess complete hematologic response rate. V. To assess organ response (according to ISA organ response criteria). VI. To assess overall survival (OS).

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive lenalidomide orally (PO) on days 1-21 and dexamethasone intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients also receive elotuzumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1 and 2 and days 1 and 15 of subsequent courses. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and elotuzumab as in Arm I. Patients also receive cyclophosphamide IV on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: All patients receive lenalidomide PO on days 1-21 and dexamethasone IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients also receive elotuzumab IV over 1 hour on day 1. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 24 months.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 53 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase 2 Trial of Lenalidomide/ Dexamethasone/ Elotuzumab +/- Cyclophosphamide Followed by Lenalidomide/ Dexamethasone/Elotuzumab Maintenance as Second-Line Therapy for Patients With Relapsed AL Amyloidosis
Actual Study Start Date : August 25, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (lenalidomide, dexamethasone, elotuzumab)

Patients receive lenalidomide PO on days 1-21 and dexamethasone IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients also receive elotuzumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1 and 2 and days 1 and 15 of subsequent courses. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive lenalidomide PO on days 1-21 and dexamethasone IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients also receive elotuzumab IV over 1 hour on day 1. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Biological: Elotuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-901608
  • Empliciti
  • HuLuc-63
  • HuLuc63
  • PDL-063
  • PDL063

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Experimental: Arm II(lenalidomide,dexamethasone,elotuzumab,cyclophosphamide)

Patients receive lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and elotuzumab as in Arm I. Patients also receive cyclophosphamide IV on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive lenalidomide PO on days 1-21 and dexamethasone IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients also receive elotuzumab IV over 1 hour on day 1. Courses repeat every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Biological: Elotuzumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-901608
  • Empliciti
  • HuLuc-63
  • HuLuc63
  • PDL-063
  • PDL063

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major hematologic response (>= very good partial response), or better [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be expressed as a proportion with Clopper-Pearson exact 95% confidence intervals.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Anti-drug antibody parameters [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals.

  2. Complete response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals and will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods for median time to event data and 95% confidence intervals.

  3. Duration of hematologic response [ Time Frame: The time from the first date a hematologic response is documented to the date of the first documented hematologic progression assessed up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals and will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods for median time to event data and 95% confidence intervals.

  4. Organ response [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be assessed by the investigator and reported in the electronic case report form and reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals.

  5. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals and will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods for median time to event data and 95% confidence intervals.

  6. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals and will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods for median time to event data and 95% confidence intervals.

  7. Time to hematologic progression [ Time Frame: The time from the first date of first dose to the date of the first documented hematologic progression assessed up to 24 months ]
    Will be reported with descriptive statistics including 95% confidence intervals.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Biopsy-proven histochemical diagnosis of amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis based on tissue specimens with Congo red staining or other histologic stain; thioflavin T or S, or crystal violet; tandem mass spec or immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmation of immunoglobulin-derived amyloidosis is encouraged; cases in which histochemical confirmation is lacking need to be discussed with one of the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) protocol chair/co-chairs
  • One prior line of therapy (defined as either one non-transplant regimen such as MelDex, Vel-Dex or CyBorD, one autologous stem cell transplant, or one regimen of non-transplant induction therapy followed by a single autologous stem cell transplant (without hematologic progression between induction and autologous stem cell transplant [ASCT])
  • Measurable hematologic disease as defined by:

    • Serum differential free light chain concentration (dFLC, difference between amyloid forming [involved] and non-amyloid forming [uninvolved] free light chain [FLC]) >= 50 mg/L)
  • Objective measurable (cardiac, renal or liver) organ amyloid involvement defined as follows (amyloid involvement of at least 1 required):

    • Mean wall thickness > 12 mm on echocardiogram, with no other cardiac cause or an elevated NT-ProBNP (> 332 ng/L) in the absence of renal failure or atrial fibrillation
    • Renal involvement is defined as proteinuria (predominantly albumin) > 0.5 g/day in a 24-hour urine collection
    • Total liver span > 15 cm in the absence of heart failure or alkaline phosphatase > 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • NOTE: Amyloid involvement of other organ systems is allowed, but not required
  • Life expectancy of >= 6 months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Female of child bearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) within 10 ? 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and study drug and must either commit to continue abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 4 weeks before she starts taking lenalidomide through 4 weeks after the last dose of lenalidomide and 5 half-lives after elotuzumab plus 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle) for a total of 120 days post-last dose of elotuzumab; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing during the entire duration of treatment. Males must agree to use a latex or synthetic condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy from the time of signing the informed consent form through 28 days after the last dose of lenalidomide and 5 half-lives of elotuzumab plus 90 days (duration of sperm turnover) for a total of 180 days post-last dose of elotuzumab; these same patients must not donate sperm; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure; all patients prior to taking lenalidomide, must be registered in and must comply with all requirements of the lenalidomide Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) program
  • Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000 cells/mm^3 (1.0 x 10^9/L)
  • Platelet count >= 75,000 cells/mm^3 (75 x 10^9/L)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dl (red blood cell [RBC] transfusions are permitted)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (except if the patient has Gilbert?s syndrome who can have total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3.0 x ULN
  • Renal function: creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault formula >= 30 mL/min

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Amyloidosis due to mutations of the transthyretin gene or presence of other non-AL amyloidosis; exception: patients with amyloid heavy (AH) or mixed AL/AH type amyloidosis are potentially eligible
  • Peripheral neuropathy >= grade 3 sensory neuropathy or >= grade 2 sensory neuropathy with pain within 14 days of registration; prior neuropathy of this severity improved due to medical management such as gabapentin are potentially eligible
  • Cardiac stage 2 or 3 with N-terminal prohormone (NT-pro)-B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) > 8500 ng/L
  • Medically documented cardiac syncope, uncompensated New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled hypertension (defined as an average systolic blood pressure [SBP] over 140 or a diastolic blood pressure [DBP] over 90 despite antihypertensive agents), clinically significant repetitive ventricular arrhythmias despite antiarrhythmic treatment, or severe orthostatic hypotension or clinically important autonomic disease; prior to study entry, any electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant; NOTE: there is no lower limit of left ventricular ejection fraction below which patients are excluded from participation
  • Any medical conditions that, in the investigator?s opinion, would impose excessive risk to the patient or would adversely affect his/her participating in this study, including:
  • Known active infection requiring parenteral anti-infective treatment at the time of initiation of treatment
  • Other malignancy diagnosed or requiring treatment within the past 3 years with the exception of adequately treated basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix or breast, or low-risk Gleason grade =< 6 localized prostate cancer not requiring therapy
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding females
  • Serious psychiatric illness, active alcoholism, or drug addiction that may hinder or confuse compliance or follow-up evaluation
  • Known or active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B or C viral infection
  • Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) with persistent neurologic deficits occurring within 6 months prior to enrollment; persisting neurologic deficits from a CVA occurring over 6 months prior to enrollment are not necessarily grounds for exclusion
  • Concurrent multiple myeloma (defined according to 2015 International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG] guidelines)
  • POEMS syndrome (plasma cell dyscrasia with polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein [M-protein] and skin changes)
  • Previous cytotoxic therapies, including cytotoxic investigational agents, within 3 weeks (6 weeks nitrosoureas) prior to start of study treatment; previous corticosteroids used with intent to treat amyloidosis within three weeks; (prednisone up to but no more than 10 mg orally once a day [q.d.] or its equivalent for symptom management of comorbid conditions is permitted but dose should be stable for at least 7 days prior to study treatment)
  • Residual side effects to previous therapy > grade 1 prior to initiation of therapy (alopecia any grade and/or neuropathy grade 2 without pain are permitted)
  • Prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant within 12 weeks of initiation of therapy
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant within 16 weeks of initiation of therapy, or at any time if patient has active graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD)
  • Prior major surgical procedure or radiation therapy within 4 weeks of the first dose of study treatment (this does not include limited course of radiation used for management of bone pain within 7 days of first dose of study therapy)
  • Known intolerance to steroid therapy (defined as being unable to tolerate at least 20 mg dex/week)
  • Inability to tolerate prophylactic anti-thrombotic therapy
  • >= grade 3 thromboembolic event in the last 6 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03252600


Locations
United States, Michigan
Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute Recruiting
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Contact: Silva Pregja    313-576-8673    Pregjas@karmanos.org   
Contact: Christiane Houde    313-576-9381    Houdec@karmanos.org   
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey A. Zonder         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Multiple Myeloma Research Consortium
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Zonder Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Responsible Party: Jeffrey Zonder, Principal Investigator, Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03252600     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-200
NCI-2017-01203 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2016-200 ( Other Identifier: Wayne State University/Karmanos Cancer Institute )
P30CA022453 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Amyloidosis
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Cyclophosphamide
Thalidomide
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Angiogenesis Inhibitors