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Sorafenib, Busulfan and Fludarabine in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplant

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03247088
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the best dose of sorafenib when given together with busulfan and fludarabine in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment and who are undergoing donor stem cell transplant. Sorafenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as busulfan and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving sorafenib with busulfan and fludarabine may work better in treating patients with recurrent or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipient Donor Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Drug: Busulfan Drug: Cyclophosphamide Biological: Filgrastim Drug: Fludarabine Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil Drug: Sorafenib Drug: Tacrolimus Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sorafenib when combined with busulfan and fludarabine conditioning regimen.

II. To obtain preliminary evidence of efficacy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine safety of this regimen as per National Cancer Institute (NCI) toxicity criteria.

II. To determine time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment. III. To determine incidence of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD).

IV. To determine relapse incidence. V. To determine non relapse mortality. VI. To determine overall survival.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To study chemotherapy resistance. II. To study deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage. III. To study immune recovery and cytokines (both in plasma and cells).

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose escalation study of sorafenib, followed by a phase II study.

PRE-STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive sorafenib orally (PO) once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) on days -24 to -5, busulfan intravenously (IV) over 3 hours on days -20 and -13 and -6 and -3, and fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) IV in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

POST-STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4, tacrolimus PO BID beginning day 5 for about 50 days, filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on day 7 and sorafenib PO BID beginning between days +30 and +120 for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with matched unrelated donor receive mycophenolate mofetil PO thrice daily (TID) or IV over 2 hours TID beginning on day 5 for up to 90 days for longer.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 74 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Sorafenib Added to Busulfan and Fludarabine Conditioning Regimen in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory AML Undergoing Stem Cell Transplantation
Actual Study Start Date : July 30, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 30, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (sorafenib, busulfan, fludarabine, HSCT)

PRE-STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive sorafenib orally PO QD or BID on days -24 to -5, busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -20 and -13 and -6 and -3, and fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive allogeneic HSCT IV in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

POST-STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4, tacrolimus PO BID beginning day 5 for about 50 days, filgrastim SC on day 7 and sorafenib PO BID beginning between days +30 and +120 for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with matched unrelated donor receive mycophenolate mofetil PO TID or IV over 2 hours TID beginning on day 5 for up to 90 days for longer.

Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Undergo allogeneic HSCT IV
Other Names:
  • Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
  • Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • HSC
  • HSCT

Drug: Busulfan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1, 4-Bis[methanesulfonoxy]butane
  • BUS
  • Bussulfam
  • Busulfanum
  • Busulfex
  • Busulphan
  • CB 2041
  • CB-2041
  • Glyzophrol
  • GT 41
  • GT-41
  • Joacamine
  • Methanesulfonic Acid Tetramethylene Ester
  • Methanesulfonic acid, tetramethylene ester
  • Mielucin
  • Misulban
  • Misulfan
  • Mitosan
  • Myeleukon
  • Myeloleukon
  • Myelosan
  • Mylecytan
  • Myleran
  • Sulfabutin
  • Tetramethylene Bis(methanesulfonate)
  • Tetramethylene bis[methanesulfonate]
  • WR-19508

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Biological: Filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
  • r-metHuG-CSF
  • Recombinant Methionyl Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor
  • rG-CSF
  • Tevagrastim

Drug: Fludarabine
Given IV
Other Name: Fluradosa

Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF

Drug: Sorafenib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BA4 43 9006
  • BAY 43-9006
  • Bay-439006

Drug: Tacrolimus
Given PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Fujimycin
  • Hecoria
  • Prograf
  • Protopic




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) as defined by toxicity (Phase I) [ Time Frame: From day -24 pre-transplant to day 30 post-transplant ]
    Toxicity is defined as grade 3 or higher regimen-related non-hematologic, non-infectious, and non-graft versus host disease (GVHD) toxicity occurring during the period from day -5 to pre-transplant to day 30 post-transplant. Dose-finding will be done using the Bayesian Model Averaging Continual Reassessment (BMA-CRM) method.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    The method of Thall et al will be used to monitor PFS time. PFS will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier. The relationship between patient prognostic covariates and PFS and overall survival (OS) time will be assessed by Bayesian survival time regression.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
  2. OS [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    OS will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier. Categorical variables will be tabulated. The relationship between patient prognostic covariates and PFS and OS time will be assessed by Bayesian survival time regression.

  3. Non-relapse mortality rate [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    These events will be tabulated.

  4. Relapse rate [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    These events will be tabulated.

  5. Graft failure [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    These events will be tabulated.

  6. Incidence of acute and chronic graft versus host disease graded according to National Cancer Institute CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    These events will be tabulated.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with acute myeloid leukemia both flt3 positive and negative
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling or 8/8 matched unrelated donor available
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks (3 months)
  • Direct bilirubin =< 1 mg/dL
  • Alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine clearance >= 50
  • Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) > 50% of predicted corrected for hemoglobin
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50%
  • Subjects must be able to understand and be willing to sign the written informed consent form. A signed informed consent form must be appropriately obtained prior to the conduct of any trial-specific procedure
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to the start of study drug. Post-menopausal women (defined as no menses for at least 1 year) and surgically sterilized women are not required to undergo a pregnancy test
  • Subjects (men and women) of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception beginning at the signing of the informed consent form (ICF) until at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate
  • Subject must be able to swallow and retain oral medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute myeloid leukemia in first complete molecular remission and favorable risk disease as defined by presence of t(8:21) or inv (16)
  • Patients with a comorbidity score > 3. The principal investigator is the final arbiter of eligibility for comorbidity score > 3
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure > 140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg [NCI-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)4.0] on repeated measurement) despite optimal medical management
  • Active or clinically significant cardiac disease including: Congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association (NYHA) > class II. Active coronary artery disease. Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or digoxin. Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest), new-onset angina within 3 months before randomization, or myocardial infarction within 6 months before randomization
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy. Patients with bleeding due to prior thrombocytopenia are permitted
  • Subject with any pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event of NCI-CTCAE v. 4.0 grade 2 or higher within 4 weeks before randomization; any other hemorrhage/bleeding event of NCI-CTCAE v. 4.0 grade 3 or higher within 4 weeks before randomization
  • Subjects with thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial cerebrovascular event (including transient ischemic attacks) within 6 months of informed consent
  • Subjects who have used strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, St. John's wort [Hypericum perforatum], dexamethasone at a dose of greater than 16 mg daily, or rifampin [rifampicin], and/or rifabutin) within 28 days before randomization
  • Subjects with any previously untreated or concurrent cancer except cervical cancer in-situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, or superficial bladder tumor. Subjects surviving a cancer that was curatively treated and without evidence of disease for more than 3 years before randomization are allowed. All cancer treatments must be completed at least 3 years prior to study entry (i.e., signature date of the informed consent form)
  • Presence of a non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or bone fracture
  • History of organ allograft (including corneal transplant)
  • Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial
  • Any malabsorption condition
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Inability to comply with the protocol and/or not willing or not available for follow-up assessments
  • Any medical, psychological, or psychosocial condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for trial participation
  • Major surgery within 30 days prior to start of study drug
  • Patients who received inotuzumab and/or gemtuzumab in the past
  • Therapeutic anticoagulation with vitamin-K antagonists (e.g., warfarin) or with heparins and heparinoids. However, prophylactic anticoagulation as described below is allowed: Low dose warfarin (1 mg orally, once daily) with prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR). =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) is permitted. Infrequent bleeding or elevations in PT-INR have been reported in some subjects taking warfarin while on sorafenib or capecitabine therapy. Therefore, subjects taking concomitant warfarin should be monitored regularly for changes in PT, PT-INR or clinical bleeding episodes. Low dose aspirin (=< 100 mg daily). Prophylactic doses of heparin or low molecular weight heparin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03247088


Contacts
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Contact: Uday R. Popat 713-745-3055 upopat@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Uday R. Popat    713-792-8750      
Principal Investigator: Uday R. Popat         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Uday R Popat M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03247088    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-0592
NCI-2018-01607 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2016-0592 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 11, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 20, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Vidarabine
Mycophenolic Acid
Cyclophosphamide
Busulfan
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Sorafenib
Tacrolimus
Lenograstim
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors