A Study of Carboplatin and Paclitaxel Chemotherapy With Nivolumab in Patients With Ovarian Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03245892
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 7, 2018
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good or bad, the addition of nivolumab to typical chemotherapy has on the patient and their cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
High Grade Serous Ovarian Fallopian Tube Primary Peritoneal Cancer Drug: Carboplatin and Paclitaxel Drug: Nivolumab Procedure: cytoreductive surgery Phase 1

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single center, non-randomized, open label, pilot study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of neoadjuvant and post-surgical dose dense paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy in combination with nivolumab for the treatment of advanced high grade serous cancers of ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal origin.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Nivolumab in Combination With Front-Line Neoadjuvant Dose Dense Paclitaxel and Carboplatin Chemotherapy and Post-Surgical Dose Dense Paclitaxel and Carboplatin Chemotherapy in Patients With High Grade Serous Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 4, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Carboplatin and Paclitaxel Chemotherapy With Nivolumab
Enrolled patients will receive paclitaxel, carboplatin and nivolumab as per the study schedule during Cycles 1-3 prior to surgery, and Cycles 4-6 following surgery; at the investigator's discretion, up to 6 cycles are permitted prior to surgery. Each cycle will be 21 days in duration. Patients will receive study treatment for a total of 6 to 8 cycles at the investigator's discretion, followed by maintenance nivolumab every 4 weeks (12, 28-day cycles) or until radiologic disease progression, intolerable toxicity, elective withdrawal from the study, study completion, or study termination.
Drug: Carboplatin and Paclitaxel
Paclitaxel 80mg/m2 will be administered over approximately 1 hour as an IV infusion on Days 1,8, and 15 of each 21-day cycle. Carboplatin AUC6 will be administered as approximately a 30 minute IV infusion, following paclitaxel administration on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle.

Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab 360mg will be infused IV over approximately 30 min on Day 1 of Cycles 1-6 (to 8) of each 21 day cycle. During the maintenance phase, Nivolumab 480mg will be infused IV on day 1 of each 28 day cycle, for up to 12 months. During the maintenance period, each cycle is 4 weeks

Procedure: cytoreductive surgery
cytoreductive surgery

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. number of patients with dose limiting toxicities [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    The safety of this regimen will be assessed by determination of the DLTs observed in the study population. If >=3/10 DLTs are seen we will deem the regimen not safe and stop the trial early. If >=5/20 patients have DLTs the treatment regimen would be deemed unsafe. Enrollment will be halted after 10 patients have accrued until all 10 patients have cleared the DLT period of 6 weeks.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have clinically and radiographically suspected International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (Appendix 2) 3 or 4 epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer, high grade, for whom the plan of management will include neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) with interval tumor reductive surgery (TRS). Patients will be selected for NACT according to established criteria (Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology Guideline, Patients must have undergone core needle biopsy for histologic confirmation prior to start of treatment. See Appendix 3 for guidelines to aid in histologic diagnosis.
  • Institutional confirmation of pathology on core biopsy (not cytology or fine needle aspiration) or laparoscopic biopsy performed at MSKCC with sufficient tissue for analysis, and willingness to undergo repeat biopsy if diagnostic biopsy was performed at an outside hospital.
  • Appropriate stage for study entry based on the following diagnostic workup:

    • History/physical examination within 28 days prior to registration;
    • CT imaging of the chest, abdomen and pelvis within 28 days prior to registration documenting disease consistent with FIGO stage III or IV disease (patients who cannot receive contrast may instead undergo MRI of abdomen and pelvis along with non-contrast chest CT);
    • Further protocol-specific assessments as detailed below.
  • Age ≥18
  • ECOG Status of 0, 1, or 2 within 28 days prior to registration.
  • Adequate hematologic function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:

    • ANC ≥1,000/mcl. This ANC cannot have been induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factors.
    • Platelets ≥75,000/mc
    • Hemoglobin ≥8.0 mg/dl (transfusions are permitted to achieve baseline hemoglobin level)
  • Adequate renal function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:

    °Creatinine <=1.5 x ULN.

  • Adequate hepatic function within 14 days prior to registration defined as follows:

    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • ALT and AST ≤ 3 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • For patients with Gilbert's syndrome, Bilirubin ≤ 3 xULN is acceptable.
  • Neurologic function: Neuropathy (sensory and motor) less than or equal to CTCAE Grade 1.
  • Adequate thyroid function within 14 days prior to registration defined as serum TSH within the normal range.
  • The patient or legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with a history of other invasive malignancies, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, are excluded if there is any evidence of other malignancy being present within the last 3 years. Subjects are also excluded if their previous cancer treatment contraindicates this protocol's therapy.
  • Patients who have received prior radiotherapy to any portion of the abdominal cavity or pelvis or thoracic cavity within the last three years are excluded. Prior radiation for localized cancer of the breast, head and neck or skin is permitted, provided that it was completed more than three years prior to registration, and the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease.
  • Patients who have received any prior treatment for management of their epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal primary cancer.
  • Patients with carcinosarcoma, mucinous, low grade endometrioid, or low grade serous histology evident on pretreatment biopsy.
  • Patients with synchronous primary endometrial cancer, or a past history of primary endometrial cancer, unless all of the following conditions are met: Stage not greater than I-A, grade 1 or 2, no more than superficial myometrial invasion, without vascular or lymphatic invasion; no poorly differentiated subtypes, including serous, clear cell or other FIGO grade 3 lesions.
  • Severe, active co-morbidity defined as follows:
  • Chronic or current active infectious disease requiring systemic antibiotics, antifungal or antiviral treatment (with the exception of uncomplicated UTI)
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction within 6 months from enrollment, New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure, and serious arrhythmia requiring medication (this does not include asymptomatic atrial fibrillation with controlled ventricular rate).
  • Partial or complete gastrointestinal obstruction
  • Patients with anticipated contraindications to interval tumor reductive surgery.
  • Patients with any condition that in the judgment of the investigator would jeopardize safety or patient compliance with the protocol.
  • Patients who are unwilling to be transfused with blood components.
  • Concurrent anticancer non protocol directed therapy (e.g. chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, investigational therapy).
  • Receipt of an investigational study drug for any indication within 28 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy.
  • Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, are unable or unlikely to comply with the dosing schedule and study evaluations.
  • Patients who are pregnant or nursing. The effects of nivolumab on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. WOCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of study enrollment, prior to dosing nivolumab, then every 6 weeks. After discontinuation from nivolumab these should be repeated at approximately 30 days and approximately 70 days. Women must not be breastfeeding.

    1. Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) do not require contraception.
    2. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 month amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level greater than 40mIU/mL.
  • Patients are excluded if they have active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if metastases have been treated and there is no magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of progression for 4 weeks or more after treatment is complete and within 28 days prior to the first dose of nivolumab administration. There must also be no requirement for immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for at least 2 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  • In order for patients with known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to be eligible, they must be on a stable highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, have CD4 counts > 350, with no detectable viral load on quantitative PCR.
  • Patients with treated hepatitis virus infections (Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C) are eligible if they have been definitively treated for 6 months, have no detectable viral load on quantitative PCR, and LFTs meet eligibility requirements.
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as SLE, connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patient with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible.
  • Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement (such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis), psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event).
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses <10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Patients are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption). A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.
  • Any of the following within 2 months of registration: active peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, symptomatic cholangitis or appendicitis, malabsorption syndrome. Any of the following within 6 months of registration: Intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal obstruction requiring parenteral hydration and/or nutrition, gastrointestinal perforation. Note: complete resolution of an intra-abdominal abscess must be confirmed prior to registration even if the abscess occurred more than 6 months prior to registration.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03245892

Contact: Claire Friedman, MD 646-888-4247
Contact: Dmitriy Zamarin, MD, PhD 646-888-4882

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Claire Friedman, MD    646-888-4247      
Contact: Dmitriy Zamarin, MD, PhD    646-888-4882      
Principal Investigator: Claire Friedman, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Principal Investigator: Claire Friedman Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT03245892     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-182
First Posted: August 10, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 7, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Peritoneal Neoplasms
Abdominal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs