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Feasibility Study of Induction and Maintenance Avelumab Plus R-CHOP in Patients With Diffuse DLBCL: The AvR-CHOP Study (AvR-CHOP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03244176
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2023
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Eliza Hawkes, Austin Health

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the feasibility of adding induction and maintenance Avelumab to the standard combination of R-CHOP in patients with stage II, III and IV diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphomas Non-Hodgkin's B-Cell Drug: Avelumab Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The rationale and primary objective is to evaluate the feasibility of adding induction and maintenance Avelumab into the standard Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxyrubicin, Vincristine and Prednisolone (RCHOP) regimen in order to examine the effect of programmed death-ligand 1(PDL1) inhibition in patients with stage II, III and IV DLBCL.

Primary endpoint:

• Immune related toxicity which requires discontinuation of Avelumab.

Secondary endpoints:

  • Response rates (according to the Lugano classification for Response Criteria for NonHodgkin Lymphoma);
  • Failure free survival;
  • Overall survival;
  • Overall toxicity of treatment (according to CTCAE v 4.0).


All patients (n=28) will receive Avelumab and rituximab 2 weekly for 2 cycles, then RCHOP chemotherapy 3 weekly for 6 cycles then Avelumab 2 weekly for 6 cycles.

The sequential treatment schedule has been designed for several reasons: concurrent Avelumab and RCHOP might result in reduced efficacy of Avelumab owing to the high dose prednisolone component of RCHOP; immune related toxicities of Avelumab given concurrently with RCHOP might result in chemotherapy dose delays and reduced chemotherapy efficacy; the Avelumab plus rituximab prephase will allow for the preliminary assessment of nonchemotherapy agents Avelumab plus rituximab in treatment naïve patients.


  • Patients will be reviewed at baseline and prior to each cycle of treatment for toxicity
  • Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) will be performed at baseline, after induction phase, after cycle 2 RCHOP, at end of Avelumab (Av) RCHOP and at end of maintenance phase Avelumab.
  • Following completion of treatment, patients will be followed up for a total of 5 years (at 3,6,9,12,18,24,36,48 and 60 months posttreatment). No formal routine imaging will be performed during follow up. In patients with relapse, follow up only for survival will be every 3 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Feasibility Study of Induction and Maintenance Avelumab Plus R-CHOP in Patients With Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL): The AvR-CHOP Study
Actual Study Start Date : July 21, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 16, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma
Drug Information available for: Avelumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Avelumab - Single-arm open label study
Drug: Avelumab

All participants will receive the following treatment:

Induction phase Avelumab at a dose of 10 mg/kg as a 1hour intravenous (IV) infusion once every 2 weeks for 2 cycles Plus Rituximab at a dose of 375mg/m2 as an IV infusion over at least 1 hour once every 2 weeks for 2 treatments


RCHOP - All participants will receive RCHOP chemotherapy treatment for 6 cycles. Each cycle will last for 21 days. Rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and vincristine are given on the first day of each cycle by intravenous infusion. Prednisone is given orally from Day 1 until Day 5 of each cycle.


Maintenance phase - All participants will receive Avelumab at a dose of 10 mg/kg as a 1hour intravenous (IV) infusion once every 2 weeks for 6 cycles.

Other Name: MSB0010718C

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immune-related toxicity [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Immune-related toxicity which requires discontinuation of Avelumab

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Response Rate to Avelumab + RCHOP according to the Lugano classification for Response Criteria for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  2. Failure Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Duration of survival without additional systemic therapy, relapse or non-relapse mortality

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Duration of patient survival

  4. Overall Toxicity of Treatment [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Overall toxicity as assessed by CTCAE v4.0

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or Female subjects aged 18 years.
  2. Histologically proven CD20-positive diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (DLBCL) according to the current World Health Organization classification including all morphological variants.
  3. No previous treatment for lymphoma including chemotherapy, radiotherapy or other investigational drug.
  4. Stage II, III and IV disease (Ann Arbor criteria) (must be able to undergo PET/CT imaging for staging purposes.)
  5. Eastern Collaborative Oncology Group performance status 0, or 1, unless attributable to lymphoma in which case patients of performance status 2 are also eligible.
  6. Adequate bone marrow function with platelets > 100x109/l; neutrophils > 1.5x109/l at the time of study entry unless attributed to bone marrow infiltration by lymphoma.
  7. Adequate renal function defined by an estimated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula (or local institutional standard method)
  8. Adequate hepatic function defined by a total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) range and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels ≤ 2.5 × upper limit of institutional normal range unless attributed to lymphoma.
  9. Patients must have an acceptable left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) i.e. within the local normal range for multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) or ≥ 45% on echocardiogram
  10. No concurrent uncontrolled medical condition as determined by the investigator.
  11. Life expectancy > 3 months.
  12. Negative blood pregnancy test at screening for women of childbearing potential. Effective contraception for both male and female subjects if the risk of conception exists.
  13. Signed written informed consent before any trial-related procedure is undertaken that is not part of the standard patient management.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. T-cell lymphoma, transformed follicular lymphoma, grade 3B Follicular lymphoma.
  2. Previous history of treated or non-treated indolent lymphoma. However, patients not previously diagnosed with an indolent lymphoma, who have diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with some small cell infiltration in bone marrow or lymph node may be included after consultation with the sponsor.
  3. Central nervous system, meningeal or spinal cord involvement by lymphoma.
  4. Prior therapy with any antibody or drug targeting T-cell coregulatory proteins (immune checkpoints) such as PD-1, PD-L1, or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4).
  5. Patients with active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immunostimulatory agent:

i) Subjects with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible ii) Subjects requiring hormone replacement with corticosteroids are eligible if the steroids are administered only for the purpose of hormonal replacement and at doses ≤ 10 mg or 10 mg equivalent prednisone per day iii) Administration of steroids through a route known to result in a minimal systemic exposure (topical, intranasal, intro-ocular, or inhalation) is acceptable.

f) Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 15 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement doses > 15 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.

g) Known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies (Grade ≥ 3 NCI-CTCAE v 4.03), any history of anaphylaxis, or uncontrolled asthma (that is, 3 or more features of partially controlled asthma) h) Past history of interstitial lung disease. i) Prior organ transplantation, including allogeneic stem-cell transplantation j) Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast.

k) Neurological contra-indication to vincristine (e.g. pre-existing diabetic neuropathy >grade 1) l) Major surgery for any reason, except diagnostic biopsy, within 4 weeks of enrolment and/or if the subject has not fully recovered from the surgery within 4 weeks of enrolment m) Any other serious active disease, including but not limited to; i) pregnancy or lactation, ii) clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrolment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrolment), unstable angina pectoris, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Classification Class ≥ II), or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication (including QTc prolongation of > 470 ms and/or pacemaker) or prior diagnosis of congenital long QT syndrome.

iii) or, uncontrolled active infection, iv) or, uncontrolled diabetes (e.g., hemoglobin A1c ≥ 8%) n) Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection at screening (positive HBV surface antigen or HCV RNA if anti-HCV antibody screening test positive) o) Medical or psychiatric conditions that compromise the patient's ability to give informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03244176

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Australia, Victoria
Ballarat Health
Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 3350
Eastern Health
Box Hill, Victoria, Australia, 3128
Austin Health
Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia, 3084
Sponsors and Collaborators
Austin Health
Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
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Principal Investigator: Eliza Hawkes, MD Austin Health
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Responsible Party: Dr. Eliza Hawkes, Chief Principal Investigator, Austin Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03244176    
Other Study ID Numbers: MS100070-0068
First Posted: August 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: IPD is the property of the Sponsor (Austin Health). Results from the research intends to be published/presented in relevant publications/conferences for colleague review

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Dr. Eliza Hawkes, Austin Health:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents