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Aging and Cognitive Health Evaluation in Elders (ACHIEVE) (ACHIEVE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03243422
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 12, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The ACHIEVE study will be a randomized controlled trial nested within the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. 850 70-84 year-old cognitively normal older adults with hearing loss will be randomized 1:1 to the hearing intervention (hearing needs assessment, fitting of hearing devices, education/counseling) or successful aging intervention (individual sessions with a health educator covering healthy aging topics). Post baseline, participants will be followed semi-annually for 3 years.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Aging Cognitive Decline Other: Successful aging education intervention Other: Hearing intervention

Detailed Description:

The ACHIEVE study will be a randomized controlled trial nested within the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. 850 70-84 year-old cognitively normal older adults with hearing loss will be randomized 1:1 to the hearing intervention (hearing needs assessment, fitting of hearing devices, education/counseling) or successful aging intervention (individual sessions with a health educator covering healthy aging topics). Post baseline, participants will be followed semi-annually for 3 years.

Outcomes will include assessments of cognition, social functioning, physical functioning, and quality of life.


Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 850 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Aging and Cognitive Health Evaluation in Elders (ACHIEVE) Randomized Trial
Anticipated Study Start Date : December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2022
Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Successful aging education intervention
Individual sessions on healthy aging topics
Other: Successful aging education intervention
The Successful Aging intervention will follow the protocol and materials developed for the 10 Keys™ to Healthy Aging program by the Center for Aging and Population Health Prevention Research Center at the University of Pittsburgh1. This interactive, dynamic program informs older adults about risk factors for diseases. Participants will meet individually with a health educator certified to administer the program every 2-3 weeks for a total of 4 visits over 8-10 weeks, and the session content will focus on a "Key". Each session will also include a 5-10 minute active upper body extremity stretching program as used in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study. Participants will return for booster sessions semi-annually beginning at 6 months post-randomization.
Active Comparator: Hearing intervention
Best practices hearing rehabilitative treatment
Other: Hearing intervention
The hearing intervention consists of fitting with hearing aids and other hearing assistive technologies plus four 1-hour comprehensive, individualized hearing rehabilitation sessions spaced over the 2-3 months post-randomization designed to provide all of the active components of the intervention. Hearing aids are instructed to be worn on a daily basis for study duration. Audiologic outcomes (e.g., hearing aid data logging, real ear measures, speech in noise, etc.) to verify the best-practices hearing intervention are gathered during study intervention visits and semi-annually beginning at 6 months post-randomization.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cognitive decline [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Neurocognitive test battery global domain


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dementia and mild cognitive impairment [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Time until composite outcome of adjudicated diagnosis of dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or 3 point decline in mini-mental state exam.

  2. Cognition: Memory domains [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 in the memory domain factor score

  3. Cognition: Executive function domains [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 in the executive function domain factor score

  4. Cognition: Language domain [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 in the language domain factor score

  5. Social engagement [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 on the Cohen's Social Network Index questionnaire

  6. Loneliness [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 on the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness questionnaire

  7. Physical function: Lower extremity function [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 on the Short Physical Performance Battery, a series of physical performance tests designed to assess lower extremity function in older adults.

  8. Physical function: Grip strength [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 in grip strength measured by a hand held dynamometer.

  9. Physical function: Physical Activity [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 in physical activity measured by accelerometry. Participants will use a wrist-worn device that is worn continuously for 7 days after baseline, and 7 days after each annual follow up. This measures the intensity, duration, and frequency of physical activity.

  10. Self-reported physical ability [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 measured using the falls and mobility questionnaire which records living circumstances, self-reported physical ability, fatigue, and falls

  11. Self-reported physical activity [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 measured on the Baecke Physical Activity Questionnaire

  12. Depressive symptoms [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 measured on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression and Hopelessness Scale (CES-D)

  13. Hearing handicap [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 measured on the Hearing Handicap for the Elderly Screening Version questionnaire

  14. Hospitalizations [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Number of hospitalizations since last study contact.

  15. Health related quality of life [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Change from baseline to year 3 measured with the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12v2) questionnaire.

  16. Intervention feedback [ Time Frame: Gathered at 6 months post-baseline and 36 months post-baseline ]
    A questionnaire that gathers feedback about the study intervention that participants are receiving. Participants rate how strongly they agree or disagree with a series of statements about the ACHIEVE study intervention they received.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years to 84 Years   (Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 70-84 years. Individuals aged 70-84 at the time of randomization are eligible for participation. This age range will allow recruitment of participants who are at risk for cognitive decline but who may also be expected to survive for the duration of the trial. This age range is estimated to allow for potential participation of 61% of participants currently enrolled in the ARIC study.
  • Community-dwelling.
  • Fluent English-speaker.
  • Residency. Participants must plan to reside in the local area for the study duration.
  • Audiometric hearing impairment. Participants must have adult-onset hearing impairment with a four-frequency pure tone average (0.5, 1, 2, 4 kHz) in the better-hearing ear of ≥ 30 decibels and <70dB. This level of hearing impairment is the level at which individuals would be most likely to benefit from the use of conventional amplification devices such as hearing aids.
  • Word Recognition in Quiet score ≥60% in the better ear. A word recognition in quiet score <60% suggests hearing impairment that is too severe to benefit from conventional amplification devices such as hearing aids.
  • Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score ≥ 23 for individuals with high-school degree or less; Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score ≥ 25 for individuals with some college or more; Participants must be at risk for cognitive decline in the range quantified well by neurocognitive testing, and so must be free from more substantial cognitive impairment at baseline.
  • Willingness to participate be randomized and adhere to the protocol. Participants must be willing and able to consent to participate in the study, be willing to be randomized to either the Hearing intervention or to the Successful Aging intervention, and be willing to commit to adhere to the study protocol for the duration of the trial (3 years of a randomly assigned intervention).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Self-reported disability in ≥ 2 or more Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
  • Any self-reported hearing aid use in the past year. Trial participants will be randomized to hearing intervention or successful aging intervention and, therefore, participants cannot be currently already receiving treatment for their hearing loss.
  • ARIC participants only: Diagnosis of adjudicated dementia based on a previous ARIC visit or participant required a proxy to assist with completing informed consent and responding to questions at ARIC Visit 6 or 7.
  • Vision impairment (worse than 20/63 on MN Near Vision Card). Participants who cannot see (with correction) well enough to complete the neurocognitive assessment are excluded.
  • Medical contraindication to use of hearing aids (e.g., draining ear). Because hearing aids will be the primary device used in the hearing intervention, participants with medical contraindications to hearing aid use are excluded.
  • Conductive hearing impairment as determined by a difference in air audiometry and bone audiometry ("air-bone gap") greater than 15 dB in 2 or more contiguous frequencies in both ears. Because the impact of a conductive (versus a sensorineural) hearing loss on cognitive functioning may potentially differ and programming for hearing aids differs for conductive hearing loss, participants with permanent conductive hearing loss are excluded from the trial. Participants with an air-bone gap due to fluid in the ears or other resolvable medical issue may be enrolled in the trial following successful medical resolution of the cause of the air-bone gap.
  • Unwilling to wear hearing aids on a regular (i.e., daily or near daily) basis
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03243422


Contacts
Contact: Adele M Goman, PhD 443-287-7195 agoman1@jhmi.edu
Contact: Frank R Lin, MD, PhD 410-502-0150 flin1@jhmi.edu

Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Comstock Center for Public Health Research Recruiting
Hagerstown, Maryland, United States, 21740
Contact: Melissa Minotti    301-791-1847    mminott2@jhu.edu   
Contact: Josef Coresh    410-955-0495    coresh@jhu.edu   
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota Recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Contact: Nancy McCreary       nmccrear@umn.edu   
Contact: James Pankow    612-624-2883    panko001@umn.edu   
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center Not yet recruiting
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
Contact: Stacee Naylor       sbnaylor@umc.edu   
Contact: Thomas Mosley    601-984-2763    tmosley@umc.edu   
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Recruiting
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27109
Contact: Barbara Anderson       banderso@wakehealth.edu   
Contact: Kathleen Hayden    336-716-2918    khayden@wakehealth.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
University of North Carolina
University of South Florida
University of Pittsburgh
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Wake Forest University
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Frank R Lin, MD, PhD Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Josef Coresh Johns Hopkins University
More Information

Responsible Party: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03243422     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Not yet assigned
First Posted: August 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cognitive Dysfunction
Cognition Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders