Evaluation of e-Practice Self-Regulation (e-PS-R)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03242447|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Teen Pregnancy Prevention||Behavioral: e-Practice Self-Regulation Behavioral: Video Health Group||Not Applicable|
The Policy & Research Group (PRG) will be conducting a rigorous evaluation of an innovative intervention designed to prevent adolescent pregnancy, births, and STIs among high-risk youth populations, entitled online Practice Self-Regulation (e-PS-R). e-PS-R is the online adaptation of the Practice Self-Regulation (PS-R); both PS-R and e-PS-R were developed through grant funding by Joann Schladale of Resources for Resolving Violence, Inc. The original PS-R intervention is a 10-session therapeutic program designed for youth ages 14-19 who have experienced trauma; each session is intended to be offered by a masters-level therapist during one-on-one weekly therapy sessions. The online adaptation e-PS-R utilizes 'blended learning', the combination of online and face-to-face instruction, and incorporates online videos and interactive elements that have been shown to be effective with high-risk youth. e-PS-R consists of eight 30-minute e-learning sessions for youth participants and four 30-45 minute one-on-one in-person meetings between youth and a trained facilitator. The following Adulthood Preparation Subjects are covered during both the online sessions and the in-person meetings: Adolescent Development, Healthy Life Skills, and Healthy Relationships. By increasing knowledge of sexual health and the impact of trauma on sexual decision-making, the program is designed to encourage and support youth in practicing self-regulation.
The Policy & Research Group (PRG) will conduct an implementation evaluation and an impact evaluation, using a randomized controlled trial, to test the effectiveness of this new intervention. The study will target juvenile justice-involved youth ages 14-19 who have experienced trauma. The primary focus of the study will be to investigate the impact of the intervention on two self-reported sexual behaviors: (1) inconsistency of condom use, and (2) number of sexual partners. In addition, the study will include exploratory investigations of the following self-reported sexual behaviors and theoretically relevant antecedents to behavior and pathways to behavior change: (1) use of contraception; (2) use of dual methods of protection; (3) incidence of pregnancy; (4) self-efficacy to engage in affect regulation; (5) sexual self-efficacy; (6) intentions to engage in affect-regulation; (7) intentions to engage in sexual self-regulation; and (8) use of affect regulation. Outcomes will be assessed using self-reported, participant-level data gathered (by way of a questionnaire) at four time points: baseline (enrollment); post-program (immediately after the end of the intervention period; 3 months after baseline); short-term (3 months post-intervention period) follow-up; and long-term (nine months post-intervention period) follow-up.
Starting in July 2017 and continuing for two years, 600 participants will be enrolled into the study at partner implementation sites within the juvenile justice systems in New Mexico and West Virginia. The third and fourth years of the grant will be used to complete the following tasks: collect follow-up data from study participants; conduct implementation and impact evaluation analysis, reporting, and dissemination efforts; and manualize and package the curriculum and training materials.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||600 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||participants are assigned to one of two or more groups in parallel for the duration of the study|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of e-Practice Self-Regulation (e-PS-R)|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||August 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2021|
Experimental: e-Practice Self-Regulation (e-PS-R)
e-Practice Self-Regulation (e-PSR) is the treatment condition. e-PS-R is a 'blended learning' intervention, combining online and face-to-face instruction. e-PS-R aims to increase knowledge of sexual health and the impact of trauma on sexual decision-making.
Behavioral: e-Practice Self-Regulation
e-PS-R utilizes 'blended learning', the combination of online and face-to-face instruction, and incorporates online videos and interactive elements that have been shown to be effective with high-risk youth. e-PS-R consists of eight 30-minute e-learning sessions for youth participants and four 30-45 minute one-on-one in-person meetings between youth and a trained facilitator.
Active Comparator: Video Health Group
The Video Health Group is the control counterfactual condition. Youth assigned to the control group will view a video on a non-sexual health topic (the hazards of smoking).The video for the control condition will be The Toxic Life Cycle of a Cigarette, a 17-minute video that details the negative effects that cigarettes have on the environment and on people who manufacture and use cigarettes. The informational video uses both narration and interviews to educate viewers on the dangers that cigarettes pose.
Behavioral: Video Health Group
The video for the control condition will be The Toxic Life Cycle of a Cigarette, a 17-minute video that details the negative effects that cigarettes have on the environment and on people who manufacture and use cigarettes.
- participants' self-reported sexual behaviors [ Time Frame: 12 months after enrollment into the study ]
The primary outcome will be the mean differences between the treatment and control group participants in self-reported sexual behaviors at 12-month follow-up; exploratory analyses will examine differences in sexual behaviors post-program and differences in other theoretically relevant outcomes (e.g., attitudes, self-efficacies, self-regulatory behaviors) at both post-program and 12-month follow-up.
The independent variable of interest will be the treatment assignment, which will be operationalized as being randomly assigned to the active treatment (1) or the control condition (0).
- consistency of contraceptive use [ Time Frame: 12 months after enrollment ]
The risk outcome is operationalized as the proportion of times a person reports having sexual intercourse without using any form of birth control (including condoms). The measure is calculated from the following items:
The measure is calculated by dividing the total number of times a person reported having sexual intercourse without using any contraception by the total number of times she reported having sexual intercourse.
The resulting variable is a continuous proportion with values that range from 0 to 1, where 0 indicates that a person has not engaged in sexual intercourse without birth control in the past three months, and 1 indicates that the person has engaged in sexual intercourse without birth control (risk behavior) 100% of the times they had sex in the past three months.
- frequency of sexual activity [ Time Frame: 12 months after enrollment ]
The risk outcome is operationalized as the number of times in the past three months a person reports having any type of sex.
The measure is taken directly from the following item:
• In total, how many times have you had any type of sex in the past 3 months?
The variable is continuous, with values ranging from 0 to k, where 0= no sexual activity reported in past 3 months and k = number of times sex reported.