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Trial record 45 of 222 for:    "Hepatitis B" | "Tenofovir"

Switching From TDF to TAF vs. Maintaining TDF in Chronic Hepatitis B With Resistance to Adefovir or Entecavir.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03241641
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 4, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Samsung Medical Center
Korea University Guro Hospital
Konkuk University Medical Center
Seoul National University Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Young-Suk Lim, Asan Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Treatment of CHB patients with genotypic resistance to NUCs has been problematic due to the lack of data from randomized trials. Recently, two randomized trials comparing the efficacy of TDF monotherapy versus TDF and ETV combination therapy in CHB patients with documented genotypic resistance to adefovir (ADV) or ETV demonstrated TDF monotherapy was not statistically different in viral suppression at week 48 of treatment.1,2 The extension study based on the above two trials merged study subjects from these trials with changing from TDF and ETV combination group to TDF monotherapy to evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of TDF monotherapy for multidrug-resistant patients. At the time of merging of 192 subjects, by intention-to-treat analysis, 66.3% of TDF group and 68.0% of TDF-ETV group had virological response as determined by serum HBV DNA <15 IU/mL. (in press) Three year long-term follow up study showed that the proportion of virologic suppression increased to 76.8% and 72.2% in TDF-TDF and TDF/TDF-ETV groups, respectively( P=0.46). (in press)

TAF, a novel prodrug of tenofovir was developed to have greater stability in plasma than TDF, thereby enabling more efficient delivery of the active metabolite to target cells at a substantially lower dose. The reduced systemic exposure of tenofovir offers the potential for an improved safety profile compared to TDF a benefit that demonstrated in a recent clinical trial in patients with HIV infection. In a recent double-blind randomized phase 3 noninferiority trial with 873 treatment naive patients who were positive for HBeAg, the proportion of patients receiving TAF who had HBV DNA <29 IU/mL at week 48 was 64%, which was non-inferior to the rate of 67% in patients receiving TDF (P=0.25).3 In the safety profile, TAF group had significantly smaller decrease in BMD than TDF group in the hip and spine, as well as significantly smaller increases in serum creatinine at week 48.3 For treatment naive HBeAg negative patients, a recent study with 425 subjects applied the same methodology and showed noninferiority in efficacy of TAF compared to TDF at week 48.4 Considering noninferiority in efficacy and superior bone and renal safety from TAF, TAF might be considered preferred choice of NUC instead of TDF. However, it is still unknown whether TAF would show similar efficacy and safety profile in patients with multidrug-resistant CHB.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Hepatitis b Drug: Tenofovir Alafenamide Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Study objectives The objective of this study is to evaluate whether efficacy, safety, and tolerability (including bone and renal outcomes) were non-inferior in patients switched to a tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), compared with patients who remained on tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF).

Study procedures This is a randomized, active-controlled, open-label, multicenter study to evaluate safety and non-inferior efficacy of switching from TDF 300 mg QD to TAF 25 mg QD for 48 weeks in chronic hepatitis B patients who have genotypic resistance to Adefovir/Entecavir.

174 subjects who complete the previous IN-US-174-0202/0205 studies will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio (A:B) to receive either TAF 25 mg QD or TDF 300 mg QD Case group: approximately 87 subjects administered TAF 25 mg QD Control group: approximately 87 subjects administered TDF 300 mg QD

The primary analysis will occur at Week 48 with the primary efficacy endpoint being newly achievement and maintenance of virologic response (HBV DNA <60 IU/mL at Week 48).

The duration of maintaining both arms is 48 weeks. All subjects who complete 48 weeks of treatment are eligible for participation in the open label TAF 25 mg extension period for an additional 48 weeks (through Week 96)


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 174 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Switching From Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate(TDF) to Tenofovir AlaFenamide(TAF) vs. Maintaining TDF Monotherapy in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With Genotypic Resistance to Adefovir or Entecavir
Actual Study Start Date : October 26, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Maintaining TAF monotherapy
- Tenofovir AlaFenamide (Vemlidy) Tablet, 25mg, Daily Oral, 96 weeks
Drug: Tenofovir Alafenamide
25mg, Daily Oral
Other Name: Vemlidy

Active Comparator: Switching from TDF to TAF
  • Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Viread) Tablet, 300mg, Daily Oral, 48 weeks
  • Tenofovir AlaFenamide (Vemlidy) Tablet, 25mg, Daily Oral, 48 weeks
Drug: Tenofovir Alafenamide
25mg, Daily Oral
Other Name: Vemlidy

Drug: Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate
300mg, Daily Oral
Other Name: Viread




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients with virologic response [ Time Frame: At week 48 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients who achieve virologic response (serum HBV DNA concentrations below 60 IU/mL)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients with virologic response [ Time Frame: At week 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients who achieve virologic response (serum HBV DNA concentrations below 60 IU/mL)

  2. The proportion of patients with HBV DNA less than 15 IU/mL [ Time Frame: At week 48, and 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients with HBV DNA less than 15 IU/mL

  3. The proportion of patients with normal ALT [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients with normal ALT

  4. The proportion of patients with HBeAg loss or seroconversion [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients with HBeAg loss or seroconversion

  5. The proportion of patients with HBsAg loss or seroconversion [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients with HBsAg loss or seroconversion

  6. The incidence of virologic breakthrough [ Time Frame: At week 48, and 96 of treatment ]
    Virologic breakthrough is defined as the increases in HBV DNA levels ≥1 log10IU/mL from nadir on two consecutive tests during continued treatment

  7. The proportion of patients with resistance mutations to Entecavir or Adefovir or Tenofovir [ Time Frame: At week 48, and 96 of treatment ]
    The proportion of patients with resistance mutations to Entecavir or Adefovir or Tenofovir

  8. Percentage change from baseline in hip and spine bone mineral density (BMD) [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    Percentage change from baseline in hip and spine bone mineral density (BMD)

  9. Percentage change from baseline in urine beta2-microglobulin [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    Percentage change from baseline in urine beta2-microglobulin

  10. Percentage change from baseline in urine protein to creatinine ratio [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    Percentage change from baseline in urine protein to creatinine ratio

  11. Percentage change from baseline in urine albumin to creatinine ratio [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    Percentage change from baseline in urine albumin to creatinine ratio

  12. Percentage change from baseline in serum creatinine [ Time Frame: At week 24, 48, 72 and 96 of treatment ]
    Percentage change from baseline in serum creatinine



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:All of below

  1. Patient must have the ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form; consent must be obtained prior to initiation of study procedures
  2. Male or female, 20 to 80 years of age
  3. Compensated liver disease (Child-Pugh score < 8)
  4. HBsAg positive at least 6 months or more
  5. HBeAg positive or negative
  6. Confirmation of ETV resistance mutation (rt184, rtS202, or rtM250) at the enrollment of IN-US-174-0202 study, or ADV resistance mutation (rtA181V, rtA181T or rtN236T) at the enrollment of IN-US-174-0205 study
  7. Completion of the week 240 visit in studies IN-US-174-0202 or 0205 study and maintained on TDF 300 mg QD
  8. Patient is willing and able to comply with all study requirements

Exclusion Criteria: Any of below

  1. Co-infection with HCV, HDV, HIV
  2. Abusing alcohol (more than 40 g/day) or illicit drugs
  3. Abnormal hematological and biochemical parameters, including:

1) serum bilirubin >3 mg/dL 2) prothrombin time (INR) >1.5 3) serum albumin <2.8 g/dL 4) ascites, encephalopathy or variceal hemorrhage 5) Child-Pugh score ≥8

4. Received interferon or other immunomodulatory treatment for HBV infection in the 12 months before screening for this study

5. Medical condition that requires concurrent use of systemic corticosteroid or other immunosuppressive agent

6. Received solid organ or bone marrow transplant

7. Known hypersensitivity to study drugs, metabolites, or formulation excipients

8. Any other clinical condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the patient unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with dosing requirements

9. Use of investigational agents within 3 months of screening, unless allowed by the Sponsor or Investigator

10. A history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within 5 years of screening

11. A history treated malignancy (other than HCC) is allowable if the patient's malignancy has been in complete remission, off chemotherapy and without additional surgical intervention, during the preceding three years

12. Participation in another investigational drug trial

13. Pregnant or breastfeeding or willing to be pregnant


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03241641


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 05505
Sponsors and Collaborators
Young-Suk Lim
Samsung Medical Center
Korea University Guro Hospital
Konkuk University Medical Center
Seoul National University Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Young-Suk Lim, M.D.,Ph D. Asan Medical Center

Publications of Results:

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Responsible Party: Young-Suk Lim, Professor, Asan Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03241641     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IN-US-320-4390
First Posted: August 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 4, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Tenofovir
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis
Hepatitis, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Entecavir
Adefovir
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents