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Polyclonal Regulatory T Cells (PolyTregs) for Pemphigus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239470
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 4, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Autoimmunity Centers of Excellence
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

T cells, a type of white blood cell called a lymphocyte, play an important role in the immune system. One subtype, the regulatory T cell (Treg) helps to regulate the immune system and may provide protection against the development of autoimmune disease. The hope is that these naturally occurring Treg cells can be utilized for the treatment of autoimmune disease and potentially replace the use of chronic immunosuppressive therapies that are associated with multiple side effects. There has been a small study showing safe administration of Tregs with decreased disease activity in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes. Tregs are being studied in lupus, cancer and organ transplantation.

This phase I trial will be conducted as an open-label, dose-escalation, multicenter trial in adult participants with active pemphigus.The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effect of Treg therapy in participants who have skin (cutaneous) involvement due to pemphigus.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pemphigus Foliaceus Pemphigus Vulgaris Biological: Cohort 1: 2.5 x 10^8 PolyTregs Biological: Cohort 2: 10x10^8 PolyTregs Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Up to 12 adults between the ages of 18 and 75 years of age who have been diagnosed with pemphigus and meet all other entry criteria will be enrolled to receive one infusion of their own expanded Tregs at one of the following doses:

  • 2.5 x 10^8 PolyTregs or
  • 10 x 10^8 PolyTregs.

Safety, disease activity, and mechanism of action will be assessed over a three year period, using biospecimens from blood and skin. Study therapy administration will occur during an overnight stay, followed by 2 weekly visits, then monthly visits from Week 8 to Week 12, then quarterly visits from Week 26 to Week 52, then twice a year visits until Week 156.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I, Open-Label, Multicenter Trial Exploring the Safety and Tolerability of Autologous Polyclonal Regulatory T Cell Therapy in Adults With Active Pemphigus (APG01)
Actual Study Start Date : September 22, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pemphigus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1: 2.5 x 10^8 PolyTregs
A single intravenous infusion of 2.5 x 10^8 PolyTregs will be administered.
Biological: Cohort 1: 2.5 x 10^8 PolyTregs
Each participant will receive a target cell dose of 2.5 x 10^8 polyclonal Tregs.
Other Names:
  • Polyclonal Regulatory T Cells
  • autologous PolyTregs
  • CD4+CD127lo/negCD25+ PolyTregs

Experimental: Cohort 2: 10x10^8 PolyTregs
A single intravenous infusion of 10x10^8 PolyTregs will be administered.
Biological: Cohort 2: 10x10^8 PolyTregs
Each participant will receive a target cell dose of 10x10^8 polyclonal Tregs.
Other Names:
  • Polyclonal Regulatory T Cells
  • autologous PolyTregs
  • CD4+CD127lo/negCD25+ PolyTregs




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Significant Events as Defined by Grade 3 or higher adverse event(s) by Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Visit 0) to Week 52 ]
    Severity [Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs)] will be reported using NCI-CTCAE grading criteria. Reference: the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), Version 4.0 http://ctep.cancer.gov/reporting/ctc.html.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to provide informed consent;
  • Diagnosis of Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) or Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF), defined by H&E staining (e.g., Haemotoxylin and Eosin) and direct immunofluorescence staining of skin biopsy at any time prior to enrollment;
  • Pemphigus treated with systemic corticosteroids within the 2 years prior to screening (historic or current);
  • Presence of:

    • anti-Dsg3 antibodies (>20.0 U/ml) at screening visit consistent with diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris or,
    • anti-Dsg1 antibodies (>20.0U/ml) at screening visit consistent with diagnosis of pemphigus foliaceus.
  • Active of PV or PF as defined by Pemphigus Disease Area Index (PDAI) overall activity score 3-10 at screening visit, and PDAI overall activity score 1-12 at baseline visit;
  • Positive test for Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) antibody; and
  • Adequate venous access to support draw of 400 ml whole blood and infusion of investigational therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Initiation of systemic corticosteroid therapy, prednisone dose > 25 mg/d (or equivalent) or change in prednisone dose within 4 weeks prior to screening;
  • Addition of a new medication, or change in the dose of any background medication used to treat any aspect of pemphigus within the timeframes listed below. Specifically:

    • methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, mycophenolic acid, azathioprine, cyclosporine or dapsone within the 6 weeks prior to screening or in the time between screening and study drug infusion,
    • intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) within 12 weeks prior to screening or in the time between screening and study drug infusion (subjects on IVIG must be on stable dose for at least 12 weeks prior to screening),
    • treatment with cyclophosphamide within 12 weeks prior to screening or in the time between screening and study drug infusion.
  • Doses of background medications at screening:

    • methotrexate > 25 mg/week,
    • mycophenolate mofetil > 3000 mg/d,
    • mycophenolic acid > 1080 mg/bid,
    • azathioprine > 200 mg/d,
    • cyclosporine > 2 mg/kg/d,
    • dapsone >250 mg/d,or
    • intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) > 4mg/kg monthly.
  • Use of rituximab within the 12 months prior to screening;
  • Change in dosing frequency, concentration, or applied surface area of topical steroids and/or topical calcineurin inhibitors within 2 weeks prior to screening;
  • Paraneoplastic pemphigus;
  • Pemphigus erythematosus;
  • Pemphigus vegetans;
  • Immunoglobulin A (IgA) pemphigus;
  • Drug-induced pemphigus;
  • Blood donation within 10 weeks prior to baseline visit (Day 0);
  • Hemoglobin < 10 g/dL;
  • White blood cell (WBC) count < 3,000/ mm^3 (equivalent to < 3 x10^9/L);
  • Lymphocyte count < 800/mm^3 (equivalent to < 0.8 x10^9/L);
  • Absolute neutrophil count < 1,500/mm^3 (equivalent to < 1.5 x10^9/L);
  • Platelets < 100,000/mm^3 (equivalent to < 100 x 10^9/L);
  • Liver function test [aspartate aminotransferase (AST)], alanine aminotransferase (ALT), or alkaline phosphatase (ALK)] results that are ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN);
  • Direct bilirubin > ULN;
  • End stage renal disease [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 20 ml/min/1.73m^2 using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation];
  • At or within three months of screening:

    • a positive QuantiFERON(R)-TB Gold test or positive purified protein derivative tuberculin skin test (PPD) [>5mm induration, regardless of Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine administration] unless completion of treatment has been documented for active Tuberculosis (TB),
    • an indeterminate QuantiFERON (R)-TB Gold test unless followed by a subsequent negative PPD or negative QuantiFERON(R)-TB Gold test as well as a consultation with and clearance by local infectious disease (ID) department.
  • Recent or ongoing active bacterial, viral, fungal, or opportunistic infections requiring systemic anti-infective therapy;
  • Evidence of current or prior infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B [as assessed by HBsAg and anti-hepatitis B core antigen (HBc) Ab] or hepatitis C [as assessed by anti-Hepatitis C Virus (anti-HCV) Ab];
  • Detectable circulating EBV or Cytomegalovirus (CMV) genomes or active infection;
  • Chronic infection that is currently being treated with suppressive anti-infective therapy, including but not limited to tuberculosis, pneumocystis, CMV, herpes zoster, and atypical mycobacteria, with the exception of historical orolabial or localized cutaneous herpes simplex infections treated with suppressive anti- viral therapy;
  • Receipt of a live-attenuated vaccine within 12 months prior to screening;
  • Concomitant malignancies or a history of malignancy, with the exception of completely treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Lactating or breastfeeding;
  • Unwilling or unable to use reliable method(s) of contraception:

    • For females of child-bearing potential, from four weeks prior to Day 0 through

      1 year after Treg dosing;

    • For males, from the day of Treg infusion (baseline visit) to three months after Treg infusion.
  • Use of an investigational therapeutic medication, or other biologic medications except rituximab, within the past 90 days, or 5 half-lives prior to screening, whichever is greater;
  • Concomitant medical condition that places the subject at risk by participating in this study, including but not limited to:

    • another severe, systemic autoimmune disease or condition (besides pemphigus) requiring systemic immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, primary Sjogren's syndrome, primary vasculitis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and inflammatory bowel disease), or
    • severe, progressive, or poorly controlled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, cardiac, or neurological disease, or
    • history of significant infection or recurrent infection that, in the investigator's opinion, places the subject at risk by participating in this study, or
    • any other concomitant medical condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the subject at risk by participating in this study.
  • Comorbidities requiring glucocorticoid therapy, including those which have required three or more courses of systemic glucocorticoids within the previous 12 months;
  • Current or history within the past year of substance abuse; or
  • Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03239470


Locations
United States, California
University of California San Francisco School of Medicine: Department of Dermatology Recruiting
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Contact: Rowela Pidlaoan    415-502-1886    Rowela.Pidlaoan@ucsf.edu   
Principal Investigator: Haley Naik, MD         
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Health Care: Department of Dermatology Recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Contact: Julie McKillip    319-384-6889    julie-mckillip@uiowa.edu   
Principal Investigator: Janet Fairley, MD         
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center: Department of Dermatology Not yet recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Contact: Mary Ann Iannacchione    919-681-8368    Mary.Ann.Iannacchione@duke.edu   
Principal Investigator: Russell P. Hall III, MD         
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center: Department of Dermatology Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Contact: Seli Gyau    214-645-8968    seli.gyau@utsouthwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Arturo Dominquez, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Autoimmunity Centers of Excellence
Investigators
Study Chair: Haley Naik, MD,MHSc University of California San Francisco School of Medicine: Department of Dermatology
Study Chair: Anna Haemel, MD University of California San Francisco School of Medicine: Department of Dermatology
Study Chair: Michael Rosenblum, MD, Ph.D. University of California San Francisco School of Medicine: Department of Dermatology
Study Chair: Jeffrey Bluestone, Ph.D. UCSF School of Medicine: UCSF Diabetes Clinic
Study Chair: David Wofsy, M.D. University of California San Francisco School of Medicine: Lupus Clinic and Rheumatology Clinical Research Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03239470     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT APG01
APG01 ( Other Identifier: Autoimmunity Centers of Excellence (ACE) )
First Posted: August 4, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
autologous polyclonal regulatory T cell therapy
PolyTregs
open-label
Phase 1 (safety)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pemphigus
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases