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Trial record 75 of 720 for:    Botulinum Toxins, Type A

Botulinum Toxin for Cramps in Diabetic Neuropathy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03238898
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 3, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Domenico Antonio Restivo, Presidio Ospedaliero Garibaldi-Centro

Brief Summary:

Objective: previous studies suggest that botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) can reduce muscle hyperactivity.

Research Design and Methods: a single-center, double-blind and placebo-controlled study investigating the efficacy and safety of BoNT/A intramuscular injection for treating calf or foot cramps refractory to common pharmacological drugs in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Fifty patients were subdivided in two matched groups (cases and controls) and BoNT/A (100 or 30 units) was injected for each side into the gastrocnemious or the small flexor foot muscles, respectively, according to the predominance of leg or foot cramps. Responders were evaluated again with a second BoNT/A administration.

The changes of pain intensity (primary outcome) and the changes in cramp frequency, the and the Cramp Severity Scale (CSS) were evaluated over the course of 20 weeks after BoNT/A administration.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Muscle Cramps Aggravated Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Botulinum toxin type A Other: Normal saline Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled prospective study.

A consecutive series of 303 out-patients with type 2 diabetes was screened for muscle cramps.Patients were asked to report in a questionnaire the frequency, localization, intensity and time of the day of cramps. Out of these 303 diabetic patients with cramps, fifty patients satisfied the inclusion/exclusion criteria and entered the study.

Cramp Evaluation

a) Clinical evaluation All patients completed a baseline diary in the week before treatment. Every day the number of muscle cramp episodes was reported three times a day and the intensity of pain was rated on a scale 0 to 10, with 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating "the worst pain imaginable" (Brief Pain Inventory-Modified Short Form, BPI-MSF, point 1). Daily data in this pre-treatment week were averaged and considered "basal" values. A similar daily diary, reporting the number of pain episodes, their intensity, time of the day and duration (less or more than 1 min) was kept throughout the study for the three days before each control visit.

The severity of cramps interference on daily life was graded according to the functional scale Cramp Severity Score (CSS): 0= no cramps; 1= occasional day or night cramps not interfering with daily activities or with nocturnal sleep; 2= frequent muscle cramps triggered by muscle exercise not significantly interfering with daily activity or with nocturnal sleep; 3= continuous or subcontinuous muscle cramps limiting daily activities or nocturnal sleep; 4= continuous cramps severely interfering with daily activities and nocturnal sleep (4).

Randomisation: patients were randomly assigned to either the treatment or control groups according to a computer-generated list. Randomization was stratified in order to match age, gender, duration of diabetes and the frequency and severity of cramp episodes in the two groups.

At time 0 each patient received four i.m. injections, two injections for each side, containing either BoNT/A (100 units diluted in 1 ml saline) or saline. The total dose, for each side, was 100 units for the gastrocnemius muscle or 30 units for the small flexor foot muscles. The calf or the foot muscles were chosen according to the patient predominant leg or foot cramps. Patients in the control group received the same volumes of normal saline in the same muscles. The injections were prepared by a research nurse and both the treating physician and the patients were left blind.

Ten visits were scheduled after initial evaluation: at weeks 1 and 2 after BoNT/A injection and, thereafter, every other week until week 16 and then at week 20. Ratings of the three days before each control visit were averaged to obtain values for each post-injection evaluation. The number of cramp episodes and cramp severity score (both self-reported in the daily diary) were obtained at 1, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks after BoNT/A or placebo administration.

Positive response to treatment: a 30% or greater reduction of the primary outcome score.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description: double-blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Botulinum Toxin for Muscle Cramps in Diabetic Patients With Diabetic Neuropathy
Actual Study Start Date : September 27, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 3, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 3, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: botulinum toxin type A
Botulinum toxin type A (100 or 30 units) was injected for each side into the gastrocnemious or the small flexor foot muscles, respectively, according to the predominance of leg or foot cramps.
Drug: Botulinum toxin type A

botulinum toxin type A injections

Botulinum toxin type A (100 or 30 units) was injected for each side into the gastrocnemious or the small flexor foot muscles, respectively, according to the predominance of leg or foot cramps.


Placebo Comparator: Normal saline
The same dosage as the active group, but with normal saline alone were injected into the gastrocnemious or the small flexor foot muscles, respectively, according to the predominance of leg or foot cramps.
Other: Normal saline

Normal saline injections

The same dosage as the active group, but with normal saline alone were injected into the gastrocnemious or the small flexor foot muscles, respectively, according to the predominance of leg or foot cramps.

Other Name: Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. pain intensity on a 0-10 severity scale [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    the intensity of pain was rated on a scale 0 to 10, with 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating "the worst pain imaginable"


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. cramp frequency [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    the changes in cramp frequency, the Cramp Severity Scale (CSS) were evaluated over the course of 20 weeks after BoNT/A administration

  2. the Cramp Severity Scale (CSS) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    the changes in the Cramp Severity Scale (CSS) were evaluated over the course of 20 weeks after BoNT/A administration

  3. the Cramp Threshold Frequency (CTF) [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ]
    the changes in the Cramp Threshold Frequency were evaluated over the course of 20 weeks after BoNT/A administration



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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • accepting to participate to the study;
  • age ≥ 45 and ≤ 75 years ;
  • diabetes duration > 5 years and diabetic distal symmetric neuropathy present;
  • stable glycemic control with last HbA1c value <9.0% (or 75 mmol/mol);
  • cramps present at rest in either calf or foot muscles or both for at least 6 months;
  • occurrence of cramps at least 3 times a week in the previous three months;
  • previous unsuccessful or poorly tolerated pharmacological treatment with at least two of the following drugs: carbamazepine, quinine, phenytoin, magnesium supplements, and benzodiazepines.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • the presence of other neurological diseases and of nephropathy, macro-angiopathy, cirrhosis, and lumbar disc diseases or the inability to give informed consent because of cognitive impairment.
  • Patients previously treated with BoNT/A for any reason were also excluded

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Domenico Antonio Restivo, Dr, Presidio Ospedaliero Garibaldi-Centro
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03238898     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: btx for cramps
First Posted: August 3, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 3, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Domenico Antonio Restivo, Presidio Ospedaliero Garibaldi-Centro:
muscle cramps
diabetic neuropathy
botulinum toxin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Botulinum Toxins
Botulinum Toxins, Type A
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetic Neuropathies
Muscle Cramp
Spasm
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
abobotulinumtoxinA
Acetylcholine Release Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents