Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy With Durvalumab and Tremelimumab for Bladder Cancer Patients Ineligible for Cisplatin (NITIMIB)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03234153
Recruitment Status : Terminated (low accrual)
First Posted : July 31, 2017
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne

Brief Summary:
The trial assess the safety and antitumor activity of the anti-PD-L1 antibody Durvalumab in combination with the anti-CTLA4 antibody Tremelimumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer Drug: Durvalumab (Imfinzi) Drug: Tremelimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background and Rationale:

The outcome for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with surgery alone remains dismal with a 5 year survival rate between 25% to 80% depending on the tumor stage and lymph node status. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens (Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Doxorubicin, Cisplatin ; Cisplatin, Methotrexate, Vinblastine; Gemcitabine/Cisplatin) have demonstrated a modest but absolute benefit in overall survival of 5-8% when administered in the neoadjuvant setting. Therefore, neoadjuvant Cisplatin-based regimens are regarded as a standard of care in treating patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. However, bladder cancer is a disease of the elderly and due to age-associated factors (e.g. hearing impaired ≥ grade 2), peripheral neuropathy (≥ grade 2), disease associated impairment of renal function (Glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min) and performance status (ECOG ≥ 2) 30 to 50% are ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens. Several combinations with Carboplatin have been tested in single arm, phase II trials in patients ineligible for Cisplatin but no standard regimen has been established for this patient population thus far. The Guidelines of the European association of Urology (EAU) do not recommend any neoadjuvant treatment for Cisplatin-ineligible patients.

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors like Durvalumab or Azetolizumab, both antibodies blocking the PD1/PD-L1 interaction, have shown promising results as single agents in terms of response (15-46%) and tolerability in the metastatic setting of bladder cancer.

A trial evaluating the safety, tolerability and antitumor activity of the combination of the immune-checkpoint inhibitors Durvarlumab and the anti-CTLA4 antibody Tremelimumab in various solid tumors, including urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is ongoing (protocol D4190C0010). Blocking the PD1/PD-L1 pathway in combination with an anti-CTLA4 antibody has shown greater antitumor activity than each antibody alone in malignant melanoma trials and showed a promising antitumor activity (17% overall response rate, irrespective of the PD-L1 expression status on tumor cells) in a phase Ib study of metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. The safety profile was acceptable (42% grade 3-4 treatment related adverse events across all dosing cohorts, most common were diarrhea, colitis and increase lipase), however, the rate of adverse events (e.g. autoimmune phenomena) and treatment interruptions was higher as compared to single agent use.


The Primary objective of the trial is to assess the safety and antitumor activity of the anti-PD-L1 antibody Durvalumab in combination with the anti-CTLA4 antibody Tremelimumab.

Study Duration:

Trial study duration encompassed the time from when the participant signs the informed consent until the last protocol-specific procedure has been completed (Cystectomy between week 17 to 23). All patients will be followed up for up to 78 weeks after end of treatment.

This study will be conducted in compliance with the protocol, the current version of the Declaration of Helsinki, the ICH-GCP as well as all national legal and regulatory requirements.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single Arm open-Label prospective Phase II
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy With Durvalumab in Combination With Tremelimumab in Patients With Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer Ineligible for Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy.
Actual Study Start Date : July 15, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 8, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 18, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Durvalumab and Tremelimumab
Durvalumab 1500 mg i.v. every 4 weeks in combination with Tremelimumab 75 mg i.v. every 4 weeks for a total of 4 cycles before surgery.
Drug: Durvalumab (Imfinzi)
Durvalumab 1500 mg i.v. every 4 weeks in combination with Tremelimumab 75 mg i.v. every 4 weeks for a total of 4 cycles before surgery.
Other Name: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy

Drug: Tremelimumab
Tremelimumab 75 mg i.v. in combination with Durvalumab 1500 mg i.v. every 4 weeks every 4 weeks for a total of 4 cycles before surgery.
Other Name: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Response rate (computer tomography or magnet resonance imaging) as measured per standard RECIST v1.1 after four cycles of combined treatment with Durvalumab (MEDI4736) and tremelimumab.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ]
    Number of Patients experiencing Toxicity/Adverse Events (AE)

  2. Recurrence-free Survival [ Time Frame: 78 weeks ]
    Number of Patients with Recurrence-free Survival at 78 weeks

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 78 weeks ]
    Number of Patients alive at 78 weeks

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Signed Informed Consent Form
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Histologically confirmed muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (T2-T4 and/or N+). Patients with mixed histologies are required to have a dominant transitional cell pattern.
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1 criteria
  • Representative fresh tumor specimen; TURB (transurethral resection of bladder ) specimens must contain a muscle invasive component (at least T2)
  • Ineligible to receive cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on at least one of the following criteria:

    • Creatinin clearance less than 60ml/min (24h urine)
    • CTCAE Gr ≥ 2 hearing loss
    • CTCAE Gr ≥ 2 neuropathy
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up
  • Body weight >30 kg
  • Adequate hematologic and end-organ function, defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 14 days prior the first study treatment:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500 cells/µl
  • WBC counts > 2500/µl
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/µl
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • AST, ALT and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • INR and aPTT ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
  • Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for premenopausal female. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known metastatic disease
  • Intravesical chemo- or biological/immune (BCG) therapy within 6 weeks of first treatment dose
  • Prio treatment with immune checkpoint blockade therapies like anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD1 and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies, including durvalumab and tremelimumab
  • History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with anti-phospholipid syndrome, Wegner's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis or glomerulonephritis Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone are eligible for this study. Patients with controlled Type I diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of insulin regimen are eligible for this study
  • Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational drug.
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast feeding as well as male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab + tremelimumab combination therapy.
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the investigational study drugs or any of the study excipients.
  • Prior randomization or treatment in a previous durvalumab and/or tremelimumab clinical study regardless of treatment arm assignment.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but limited to, ongoing infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
  • Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association cardiac disease (Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within the previous 3 months, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina.
  • Patients with prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (including pneumonitis), drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
  • Positive test for HIV
  • Patients with active hepatitis B (defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen test at screening) or hepatitis C.
  • Active tuberculosis
  • Administration of a living, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to treatment start
  • Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to cycle 1, day 1
  • Treatment with systemic corticosteroids or other systemic immunosuppressive medications within 2 weeks prior treatment start or anticipated requirement for systemic immunosuppressive medications during the trial. The use of inhaled corticosteroids, physiologic replacement doses of glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids is allowed
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study excipients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03234153

Layout table for location information
Departement of Medical Oncology, University Hospital Berne
Berne, Switzerland, 3010
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Julian Schardt, MD Departement of Medical Oncology, University Hospital Berne
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University Hospital Inselspital, Berne Identifier: NCT03234153    
Other Study ID Numbers: NITIMIB-Trial
First Posted: July 31, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital Inselspital, Berne:
Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer
Ineligible for Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs