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Intra-tumoral Ipilimumab Plus Intravenous Nivolumab Following the Resection of Recurrent Glioblastoma (GlitIpNi)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03233152
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 28, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 17, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bart Neyns, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel

Brief Summary:

Phase I clinical trial on intra-tumoral ipilimumab plus intravenous nivolumab following the resection of recurrent glioblastoma.

The aim of this clinical trial is to exploit the potential synergy of combined intra-tumoral CTLA-4 and systemic PD-1 blockade while minimizing the risk for increased immune-related toxicity by intratumoral administration of the CTLA-blocking mAb ipilimumab following the resection of the recurrent glioblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Drug: Ipilimumab (YervoyTM, 50 mg/10 mL solution) Drug: Nivolumab (OpdivoTM, 40 mg/4mL solution) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Nivolumab (OpdivoTM, BMS), a human IgG-4 mAb that blocks the Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1, CD279) has demonstrated anti-tumor activity in patients with various solid- and hematological neoplasms. Nivolumab has been registered by EMA and/or FDA for the treatment of patients with advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and Hodgkin lymphoma. In a phase I dose escalation clinical trial, receptor blockade of PD-1 by nivolumab on circulating lymphocytes was maximal at a dose of 0,3 mg/kg. In patients with advanced melanoma nivolumab had a comparable tumor response rate at a dose range of 0.1 to 10 mg/kg q2wks. Nivolumab was further developed at a dose of 3 mg/kg q2wks and improved the overall survival of patients with advanced melanoma, NSCL, RCC and HNSCC.

Ipilimumab (YervoyTM, BMS), a human IgG-1 anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody improves the overall survival of patients with advanced melanoma; and the relapse-free survival after complete resection of high-risk stage III melanoma. Animal models have established the safety and efficacy of intra-tumoral administration of ipilimumab. An intratumoral dose of CTLA-4 blocking mAb administered at a ratio of [1:100] compared to intravenous dosing was found to result in equivalent anti-tumor effect and was associated with less systemic toxicity.

Combined treatment with ipilimumab (3 mg/kg q3wks x4) plus nivolumab (1 mg/kg q3 wks x4 followed by 3 mg/kg q2 wks) further increases the tumor response rate and progression-free survival of patients with advanced melanoma and has been registered by EMA and FDA; this combination therapy is associated with a higher incidence of immune related adverse events. Nivolumab and ipilimumab have distinct immunological mechanisms that can be revealed by analyzing TCR usage in blood lymphocytes.

Preliminary safety and activity of nivolumab and its combination with ipilimumab in recurrent glioblastoma (CHECKMATE-143) were presented at the 2015 and 2016 ASCO Annual meetings (20 pts were treated, 10 in each arm). [15] All nivolumab related AEs were grade 1 or 2. Eight (80%) nivolumab plus ipilimumab treated patients experienced grade 3/4 AEs. Drug-related AEs leading to discontinuation occurred only in nivolumab plus ipilimumab patients (n = 5; 50%), including colitis, cholecystitis, diabetic ketoacidosis, confusion, and increased lipase. There were no drug-related deaths. Based on these experiences, the sponsor (BMS) decided to further investigate nivolumab as a mono-therapy in patients with recurrent- and newly diagnosed glioblastoma (CA209-143; CA209-498 and CA209-548). Antitumor activity of nivolumab has recently been established in children with recurrent glioblastoma that is characterized by biallelic mismatch repair deficiency.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Clinical Trial on Intra-tumoral Ipilimumab Plus Intravenous Nivolumab Following the Resection of Recurrent Glioblastoma
Actual Study Start Date : November 17, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 17, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 17, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ipilimumab + nivolumab

Only one study cohort will be predefined in this phase I clinical trial; a classical phase I "3+3 patient" recruitment design will be used to guide patient recruitment.

Ipilimumab (YervoyTM, 50 mg/10 mL) will be administered by at the end of the neurosurgical resection procedure at a dose of injection of 10 mg (2 ml of YervoyTM, 50 mg/10mL vial).

First administration of 10 mg Nivolumab (OpdivoTM, 40 mg/4mL solution) by the intravenous route will be administered within 24 hours prior to the planned neurosurgical resection. The following administrations of 10 mg nivolumab will be by a 15 minutes intravenous infusion on days 15, 29, 43, 57, and 71 (or up to ± 3 days before or after the scheduled date if necessary).

Drug: Ipilimumab (YervoyTM, 50 mg/10 mL solution)

Ipilimumab will be administered by at the end of the neurosurgical resection procedure at a dose of injection of 10 mg (: 2 ml of YervoyTM, 50 mg/10mL vial).

Injections will be performed manually using a 100 μ-liter dispensing syringe. Twenty needle tracks will dispense the ipilimumab solution within the brain tissue lining the resection cavity. The region suspect on preoperative MRI of the brain to be invaded by glioblastoma cells but not amenable to safe resection will be targeted by adjacent needle tracks through which up to 2 cm of depth a volume of 100 μl per needle track will be injected (: in total 20 needle tracks will be performed). This methodology has been applied previously within the context of phase III clinical trials with sitimagene ceradenovec.

Other Name: Nivolumab (OpdivoTM, 40 mg/4 mL solution)

Drug: Nivolumab (OpdivoTM, 40 mg/4mL solution)
First administration of 10 mg of nivolumab by the intravenous route should be administered within 24 hours prior to the planned neurosurgical resection. Administrations of 10 mg nivolumab (OpdivoTM, 40 mg/4mL solution) will be by a 15 minutes intravenous infusion on days 15, 29, 43, 57, and 71 (or up to ± 3 days before or after the scheduled date if necessary).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: up to 30 weeks ]
    Estimate the survival of patients who are free from confirmed tumor.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: an average of 1 year ]
    Estimate the survival of patients who are alive.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • a) Subjects must have signed and dated an approved written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained before the performance of any protocol related procedures that are not part of normal subject care b) Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests, tumor biopsies, and other requirements of the study.

    c) Histopathological diagnosis of glioblastoma (= WHO grade IV glioma of the central nervous system); both patients with "de novo" and "secondary" glioblastoma are eligible; patients who have histological proof of a lower-grade glioma (WHO grade I, II or III) and have evidence for transformation to WHO-grade IV glioma on imaging of the brain are eligible for study participation; d) Diagnosis of glioblastoma recurrence and/or progression following prior treatment with surgery, radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy (recurrence/progression is defined as significant [according to the investigators assessment] growth and/or recurrence of the glioblastoma tumor mass on sequential MRI of the brain); e) The following disease characteristics should be present:

    • Presence of a measurable tumor lesion that is characterized by gadolinium enhancement on T1-MRI of the brain (with a longest diameter of > 10 mm and a perpendicular diameter of >5mm);
    • No evidence of clinically relevant spontaneous intra-tumor hemorrhage on baseline MRI-imaging or in the prior disease history; f) No contraindication for evaluation by gadolinium enhanced MRI pr FET-PET of the brain; g) ECOG performance status score of 0, 1 or 2; h) An interval of at least 4 months (: 16 weeks) after the end of postoperative radiation therapy for glioblastoma unless progression is confirmed on an MRI of the brain obtained > 4 week after the first observation of progression; and with an interval of at least 4 weeks after the last administration of temozolomide; i) No contra-indication for neurosurgical resection of the glioblastoma recurrence; j) Male or female, 18 years of age or older; k) Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior surgical procedures, radiotherapy and temozolomide to NCI CTCAEv4.0 grade 0 or 1 except for alopecia; l) Adequate organ function as defined by the following criteria:
    • Total serum bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN (patients with Gilbert's disease exempt who should have bilirubin < 2x ULN)
    • AST and ALT < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN);
    • Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/mm³ without growth factor support
    • Platelets > 75 000 cells/mm³
    • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (which may be obtained by transfusion or growth factor support)
    • FT4 hormone levels within normal range

Exclusion Criteria:

  • prior treatment on a nivolumab and/or ipilimumab trial;
  • prior treatment with an anti-CTLA-4 or anti-PD1:-L1 targeted therapy;
  • gastrointestinal abnormalities including:
  • Inability to take oral medication.
  • Requirement for intravenous alimentation.

    • Prior surgical procedures affecting absorption including gastric resection.
    • Treatment for active peptic ulcer disease in the past 6 months.
    • Malabsorption syndromes.
    • Active gastrointestinal bleeding, unrelated to cancer, as evidenced by hematemesis, hematochezia or melena in the past 3 months without evidence of resolution documented by endoscopy or colonoscopy;
  • evidence of pre-existing uncontrolled hypertension as documented by 2 baseline blood pressure readings taken at least 1 hour apart. The baseline systolic blood pressure readings must be ≤140 mm Hg, and the baseline diastolic blood pressure readings must be ≤90 mm Hg. Patients whose hypertension is controlled by antihypertensive therapies are eligible;
  • concurrent treatment:

    • In another therapeutic clinical trial;
    • No requirement of anticoagulant therapy with oral vitamin K antagonists. Low-dose anticoagulants for maintenance of patency of central venous access devise or prevention of deep venous thrombosis is not allowed. Therapeutic use of low molecular weight heparin is not allowed.
  • Subjects with active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease are not eligible. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune thyroiditis only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment are permitted to enroll.
  • Subjects requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 16 mg daily methylprednisolone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study enrollment. Inhaled or topical steroids are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • active uncontrolled seizure disorder.
  • myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure or any unstable arrhythmia, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, within the 12 months prior to study drug administration. No current or recent (within 1 month) use of a thrombolytic agent or a thrombo-embolic event;
  • known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness;
  • serious uncontrolled medical disorder or active infection that would impair their ability to receive study treatment;
  • history of a malignancy (other than glioma) except those treated with curative intent for skin cancer (other than melanoma) or in situ breast or cervical cancer or those treated with curative intent for any other cancer with no evidence of disease for 5 years;
  • other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that would impart, in the judgment of the investigator, excess risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study;
  • dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03233152

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Contact: Prof. Dr. Bart Neyns, MD, PhD +3224775447 Bart.Neyns@uzbrussel.be
Contact: Dr. Johnny Deurinck, MD, PhD +3224775514 Johnny.Duerinck@uzbrussel.be

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Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel Recruiting
Brussels, Belgium, 1090
Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Bart Neyns, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Dr. Johnny Deurinck, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Bart Neyns, Head of Medical Oncology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03233152    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-BN-002
First Posted: July 28, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 17, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Bart Neyns, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action