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GTB-3550 Tri-Specific Killer Engager (TriKE®) for High Risk Hematological Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03214666
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Development of GTB-3550 halted due to development of the second generation camelid nanobody TriKE drug product, GTB-3650.)
First Posted : July 11, 2017
Results First Posted : November 10, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GT Biopharma, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a multi-center Phase I/II clinical trial of GTB-3550 (CD16/IL-15/CD33) tri-specific killer cell engager (TriKE®) for the treatment of CD33-expressing high risk myelodysplastic syndromes, refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia or advanced systemic mastocytosis. The hypothesis is that GTB-3550 TriKE® will induce natural killer cell function by targeting malignant cells as well as CD33+ myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) which contribute to tumor induced immunosuppression. Because CD16 is the most potent activating receptor on natural killer (NK) cells, this single agent may induce a targeted anti-CD33+ tumor response.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
High-risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Systemic Mastocytosis Mast Cell Leukemia Drug: GTB-3550 TriKE® Phase I Drug: GTB-3550 TriKE® Phase II Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: GTB-3550 (CD16/IL-15/CD33)Tri-Specific Killer Engager (TriKE®) for the Treatment of High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Refractory/Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis
Actual Study Start Date : January 1, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : September 29, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GTB-3550 TriKE® (Phase I: Dose Finding Component)
Patients receive a single course of GTB-3550 TriKE® at their assigned dose as 3 weekly treatment blocks. Each block consists of four consecutive 24 hour continuous infusions (over approximately 96 hours) of GTB-3550 TriKE® followed by a 72 hour break after Block #1 and #2. All treatment is given as an inpatient. The assigned dose will be calculated on a weight obtained within 5 days prior to or on day of the 1st dose. The dose is not be recalculated for subsequent treatment blocks.
Drug: GTB-3550 TriKE® Phase I

The 1st two patients will be assigned Dose Level 1. The study statistician will assign each new cohort of 2 patients to the most appropriate dose level based on updated toxicity probabilities.

  • Dose Level 1 - 5 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 2 - 10 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 3 - 25 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 4 - 50 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 5 - 100 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 6 - 150 μg/kg/day
  • Dose Level 7 - 200 μg/kg/day
Other Name: CD16/IL-15/CD33

Experimental: GTB-3550 TriKE® Only (Phase II: Extended Component)
The treatment schedule is identical to the dose finding component. The extended component uses a Simon's MiniMax two-stage design for continued enrollment using the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) established during Phase I with monitoring guidelines to stop the study early for excessive toxicity.
Drug: GTB-3550 TriKE® Phase II
Patients will receive the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) established during Phase I with monitoring guidelines to stop the study early for excessive toxicity.
Other Name: CD16/IL-15/CD33

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. GTB-3550 Dosing Summary [ Time Frame: Day 1 (start of GTB-3550 therapy) ]
    The study was terminated prior to reaching the maximal tolerated dose. This outcome measure presents information regarding the number of participants receiving each dose of GTB-3550.

  2. GTB-3550 Extent of Treatment (Summary) [ Time Frame: Day 28 relative to the start of GTB-3550 therapy ]
    This outcome measure summarizes the number of GTB-3550 treatment blocks participants received during the first cycle of treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of GTB-3550 TriKE® Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: Day 28 relative to the start of GTB-3550 therapy ]
    The number of unexpected events in relation to GTB-3550 TriKE®. TEAEs were measured up to Day 28 relative to GTB-3550 therapy.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    Number of patients surviving at 6 months post-treatment on this study.

  3. Number of Participants Experiencing a Reduction in Blast Count Post-GTB-3550 Therapy [ Time Frame: After Day 28 Relative to GTB-3550 Therapy ]
    Blast count was measured at the time of standard of care disease assessment after GTB-3550 therapy. Blast percent was assessed by morphology and/or flow cytometry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria: Eligible Diseases

  • Diagnosis of one of the following CD33-expressing myeloid malignancies with greater than or equal to 50% CD33+ target cells with no good standard of care treatment options including:
  • High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) progressive on two or more prior regimens and requiring treatment that meets at least one of the following:

    • Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) High or Very High Risks
    • World Health Organization (WHO) Classification: Refractory anemia with excess blasts-1 (RAEB-1) or RAEB-2
    • Poor and very-poor risk cytogenetic abnormality as defined by the IPSS-R cytogenetic classifications
    • WHO Based Prognostic Scoring System (WPSS): High or Very High Risk
  • Therapy related MDS and not a candidate for induction chemotherapy or had an inadequate treatment response after induction chemotherapy.
  • Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) meeting at least one of the following:

    • Refractory AML defined as failure to achieve remission after at least 3 induction attempts

      ** Elderly AML not fit for induction therapy can be enrolled after 2 failed inductions

    • Relapsed AML

      • Not a candidate for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), at least one re-induction attempt required
      • Prior HSCT relapse beyond 3 months may be included only if off immunosuppression for a minimum of 4 weeks and do not have graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
  • Advanced systemic mastocytosis (defined as mast cell leukemia, aggressive systemic mastocytosis, and systemic mastocytosis associated with hematologic neoplasm) may enroll without any prior treatment, given there is no standard established therapy.

Inclusion Criteria: Age, Performance Status, Organ Function, Contraception Use

  • At least 18 years of age
  • Karnofsky score ≥ 70%
  • Adequate organ function within 14 days (30 days for cardiac and pulmonary) of study enrollment defined as:

    • Renal: an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • Hepatic: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin within normal range
    • Pulmonary function: Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected (ml/min/mm Hg) defined as no more than 5 units below lower limit of normal (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] v5 Grade 1 carbon monoxide diffusing capacity decreased) based on patient's height, weight, and gender as reported by the institutional pulmonary function lab.
    • Cardiac: Absence of decompensated congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmia; left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 45% by echocardiogram, multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or cardiac MRI.
  • Absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≥ 200 cells/mm³ OR absolute circulating CD56+/CD3- NK cell count >25 cells/μl within the 14 days prior to start of therapy
  • Sexually active females of childbearing potential and males with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate birth control during study treatment
  • Participant provides voluntary written consent signed before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care

Exclusion Criteria

  • New or progressive pulmonary infiltrates on screening chest x-ray or chest computerized tomography (CT) scan unless cleared for study by Pulmonary. Infiltrates attributed to infection must be stable/improving with associated clinical improvement after 1 week of appropriate therapy (4 weeks for presumed or documented fungal infections).
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, fungal or viral infections, known history of HIV
  • Active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C (virus detectable by polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) - chronic asymptomatic viral hepatitis is allowed
  • Other concurrent active cancer within the last year (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers)
  • Severely clinically obese patients, BMI >38
  • Currently taking any over-the-counter (OTC), vitamin, mineral, or dietary supplement within 14 days prior to study drug administration on Day 1 and during study conduct that may confound study safety goals (e.g., St. John's wort). Questions should be discussed with GT Biopharma.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding. The effect of GTB-3550 TriKE on the fetus is unknown. Females of childbearing potential must have a blood test within 7 days prior to enrollment to rule out pregnancy - must be repeated if not within 7 days of treatment initiation
  • History of central nervous system (CNS) malignancy or symptoms of active CNS disease
  • A family history of long QT syndrome or with a corrected QT (QTc) interval > 480 msec at screening
  • Currently taking medications known to prolong QT/QTc interval as the potential risk of QT/QTc prolongation is unknown in humans.
  • A candidate for potentially curative therapy, including hematopoietic cell transplant
  • Unwilling to remain within a 90 minute drive of the study center through at least Day 29

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03214666

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United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Clinical Science Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
GT Biopharma, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Mark B Juckett, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by GT Biopharma, Inc.:
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Responsible Party: GT Biopharma, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03214666    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015LS167
HM2015-39 ( Other Identifier: University of Minnesota Masonic Cancer Center )
First Posted: July 11, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 10, 2022
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by GT Biopharma, Inc.:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Mastocytosis, Systemic
Leukemia, Mast-Cell
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Mast Cell Activation Disorders
Immune System Diseases