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Evaluation of the Safety and the Tolerability of Durvalumab Plus Tremelimumab Combined With FOLFOX in mCRC (MEDITREME)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03202758
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 18, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Georges Francois Leclerc

Brief Summary:

Colo-rectal cancer is still one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. In France, approximately 40 500 new cases are diagnosed each year. With more than 17 500 deaths in France in 2011, colo-rectal cancer is responsible for more than 12% of all cancer deaths, the overwhelming of deaths occurring in patients with metastatic disease.

Many studies highlight the fact that colo-rectal cancer has immunogenic properties and that host immune responses can influence survival. Recent data have provided a clearer understanding of the factors limiting the antitumor immune response in colo-rectal cancer. One of the most critical checkpoint pathways responsible for mediating tumor-induced immune suppression is the programmed death-1 (PD-1) and PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway.

PD-1 is expressed on activated immune cells and can link to PD-L1 express on Antigen-Presenting-Cell. Usually, this pathway is involved in promoting T-cells tolerance and preventing tissue damage in settings of chronic inflammation. In pathological context, the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway contributes to immune suppression and evasion. Many human solid tumors including colo-rectal cancer express PD-L1, and this expression is associated with a worse prognosis. The interaction of PD-1 with the ligand PD-L1 inhibits T-cell proliferation, survival, and effectors functions; induces apoptosis of tumor-specific T cells; promotes the differentiation of CD4+ T cells into immunosuppressive regulatory T cells; and increases the resistance of tumor cells to cytotoxic T lymphocytes attack. Thus, the blockage of the PD-1/PD-L1 interactions represents a logical target for cancer immunotherapy and in particular colo rectal cancer immunotherapy strategy.

Preclinical studies have shown that PD-L1 blockade improves the immune response by restoring T-cell effectors functions. Recent work in two in vivo tumor models shows a strong interest in using an anti-PD-L1 in combination with standard treatment of colo-rectal cancer (FOLFOX). In these models, the survival of mice that are treated with the combination therapy reached 40% when no mice were alive with FOLFOX treatment alone. This result may be explained, in one hand by cytotoxicity of 5FU and in the other hand by the restoration of anti-tumor immune activity of anti-PD-L1. These results suggest that the combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapy would act synergistically in patients with colo-rectal cancer.

Research Hypothesis: Combination of chemotherapy (FOLFOX) with immunotherapy association (anti-PD-L1 + anti-CTLA-4) would act synergistically in patients with colo-rectal cancer.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Drug: Durvalumab, Tremelimumab and ,FOLFOX Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Phase Ib primary objective (STEP 1): To determine the safety of the combination of Durvalumab (Anti-PD-L1) + Tremelimumab (Anti-CTLA-4) + FOLFOX

Phase II primary objective (STEP 2): To determine the efficacy of the combination of Durvalumab (Anti-PD-L1) + Tremelimumab (Anti-CTLA-4) + FOLFOX in terms of progression free survival (PFS).

Phase II secondary Objective: To determine efficacy of the combination of Durvalumab (Anti-PD-L1) + Tremelimumab (Anti-CTLA-4) + FOLFOX in terms of response to treatment and overall survival.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Step 1: Phase Ib with the aim to confirmed the safety of the association of Durvalumab (q2w 750mg) + Tremelimumab (q4w 75mg) + FOLFOX

Step 2: Phase II with the aim to assess efficacy of the association of Durvalumab (q2w 750mg) + Tremelimumab (q4w 75mg) + FOLFOX

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase Ib/II Trial Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability and Immunological Activity of Durvalumab (MEDI4736) (Anti-PD-L1) Plus Tremelimumab (Anti-CTLA-4) Combined With FOLFOX in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 29, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 29, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 29, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Durvalumab + Tremelimumab + FOLFOX
  • Durvalumab for 12 months
  • Tremelimumab for up to 4 doses/cycles
  • FOLFOX
Drug: Durvalumab, Tremelimumab and ,FOLFOX

Study will be performed in 2 step:

STEP 1 (phase Ib) will assess the safety of the combination of Durvalumab 750mg q2w + tremelimumab 75mg q4w + FOLFOX during the 2 first cycles of treatment (1 month)

STEP 2 (phase II) will assess the efficacy of the combination of Durvalumab 750mg q2w + tremelimumab 75mg q4w + FOLFOX




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of the safety of Durvalumab plus Tremelimumab in combination with FOLFOX chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Criteria RECIST 1.1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent and any locally-required authorization obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
  2. Male or female age more than 18 years
  3. Performance status of 0 or 1 according to the ECOG and WHO
  4. Histologically confirmed diagnoses of colorectal cancer with positive mutated KRas.
  5. Patients with metastatic disease
  6. First line therapy
  7. Life expectancy of more than 12 weeks
  8. Adequate normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Haemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1.5 x 109/L (>1500 per mm3)
    • Platelet count > 100 x 109/L (>100,000 per mm3)
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤ 5x ULN
    • Albumin > 30g/L
    • Creatinine < 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum creatinine CL>40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance
  9. Tumour evaluation in the previous 4 weeks with presence of at least one measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1 criteria
  10. At least 4 weeks since the last chemotherapy, immunotherapy or other drug therapy and / or radiotherapy
  11. Recovery to grade ≤ 1 from any AE derived from previous treatment according to the criteria of the NCI-CTCAE version 4.0
  12. Biopsable disease (for ancillary studies) or willingness to provide consent for use of archieved tissue for research purposes
  13. Female subjects must either be of non-reproductive potential or must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry
  14. Patients must be affiliated to a social security system
  15. Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site). Previous enrolment in the present study
  2. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 4 weeks
  3. Any previous treatment with a PD-1 or PD-L1 /CTLA-4 inhibitor, including durvalumab or tremelimumab
  4. History of another malignancy within the 5 previous years with low potential risk for recurrence other than :

    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease eg, cervical cancer in situ
  5. Receipt of the last dose of anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal antibodies, other investigational agent) 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug (14 days prior to the first dose of study drug for subjects who have received prior TKIs (e.g., erlotinib, gefitinib and crizotinib) and within 6 weeks for nitrosourea or mitomycin C). (If sufficient wash-out time has not occurred due to the schedule or PK properties of an agent, a longer wash-out period may be required.)
  6. Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) ≥470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Frediricia's Correction
  7. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 28 days before the first dose of durvalumab, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid
  8. Any history of hypersensitivity to durvalumab or tremelimumab, FOLFOX or their excipients
  9. Any unresolved toxicity (CTCAE grade >1) from previous anti-cancer therapy. Subjects with irreversible toxicity that is not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by the investigational product may be included (e.g., hearing loss, peripherally neuropathy)
  10. Any prior Grade ≥3 immune-related adverse event (irAE) while receiving any previous immunotherapy agent, or any unresolved irAE >Grade 1
  11. Active or prior documented autoimmune disease within the past 2 years NOTE: Subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded
  12. Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
  13. History of primary immunodeficiency
  14. History of organ transplant that requires use of immunosuppressive
  15. History of allogeneic organ transplant
  16. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection; Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including: myocardial infarction within 6 months,, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia; history of Mobitz II second degree or third degree heart block without a permanent pacemaker in place, hypotension; rest limb claudication or ischemia within 6 months; active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  17. Sever concurrent disease, or co-morbidity that in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrolment
  18. Ongoing treatment with CYP3A4 substrates or regularly taking of grapefruit juice
  19. Known history of active tuberculosis
  20. History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  21. Brain metastases or spinal cord compression
  22. Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving durvalumab
  23. Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control
  24. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results
  25. Symptomatic or uncontrolled brain metastases requiring concurrent treatment, inclusive of but not limited to surgery, radiation and/or corticosteroids
  26. Subjects with uncontrolled seizures,
  27. Subjects under guardianship, curatorship or judicial protection
  28. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to IP or any excipient

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03202758


Contacts
Contact: Nicolas ISAMBERT 03 80 73 75 06 nisambert@cgfl.fr
Contact: Emilie REDERSTORFF +33 3 45 34 81 16 ERederstorff@cgfl.fr

Locations
France
CHRU Besançon Not yet recruiting
Besançon, France
Principal Investigator: Christophe Pr BORG, MD         
Centre Georges François Leclerc Recruiting
Dijon, France, 21000
Contact: Nicolas ISAMBERT, Pr    + 33 (0)3 80 73 75 06    nisambert@cgfl.fr   
Contact: Emilie REDERSTORFF, PhD    +33 (0)3 80 73 75 00 ext 3461    erederstorff@cgfl.fr   
CHU Nantes Not yet recruiting
Nantes, France
Principal Investigator: Jaafar BENNOUNA, MD         
Hôpital Europeen Georges Pompidou Not yet recruiting
Paris, France
Principal Investigator: Julien TAIEB, MD         
Hôpital Saint Antoine Not yet recruiting
Paris, France
Principal Investigator: Thierry ANDRE, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Georges Francois Leclerc
AstraZeneca

Responsible Party: Centre Georges Francois Leclerc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03202758     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MEDI-TREME-COLON
First Posted: June 29, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 18, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Centre Georges Francois Leclerc:
Durvalumab
Tremelimumab
FOLFOX
metastatic colorectal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Tremelimumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents