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Pembrolizumab and Standard Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03197506
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 23, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well pembrolizumab works in combination with standard therapy in treating patients with glioblastoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in the chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy beams to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving pembrolizumab and standard therapy comprising of temozolomide and radiation therapy may kill tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Gliosarcoma Supratentorial Glioblastoma Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Temozolomide Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Standard Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1 (pembrolizumab, surgery, temozolomide, radiation)

NEOADJUVANT (CYCLE 1): Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1.

SURGERY (CYCLE 2): Patients undergo standard of care surgery within days 4-7.

CONCURRENT (CYCLE 3): Starting 21-35 days after surgery, patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 22, and 43 and temozolomide PO daily on days 8-54. Patients also undergo external beam radiation therapy every 5 days per week on days 8-54.

ADJUVANT (CYCLE 4-8): Within 3-5 weeks after completing radiation therapy, patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 22, and 43 and temozolomide PO daily on days 1-5 every 28 days. Treatment repeats every 63 days for up to 5 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo external beam radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Definitive Radiation Therapy
  • EBRT
  • External Beam Radiation
  • External Beam Radiotherapy
  • External Beam RT
  • external radiation
  • External Radiation Therapy
  • external-beam radiation
  • Radiation, External Beam

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CCRG-81045
  • Imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazine-8-carboxamide, 3, 4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxo-
  • M & B 39831
  • M and B 39831
  • Methazolastone
  • RP-46161
  • SCH 52365
  • Temcad
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • Temomedac
  • TMZ

Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery
Undergo surgery

Experimental: Group 2 (pembrolizumab, temozolomide, radiation therapy )

CONCURRENT (CYCLE 1): Starting 21-35 days after surgery, patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 22, and 43 and temozolomide PO daily on days 8-54. Patients also undergo external beam radiation therapy every 5 days per week on days 8-54.

ADJUVANT (CYCLES 2-6): Within 3-5 weeks after completing radiation therapy, patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 22, and 43 of cycles 2-5 and 1 and 22 of cycle 6 (up to a total of 17 doses). Patients also receive temozolomide PO daily on days 1-5, 29-33, and 57-61 of cycles 2 and 6, days 22-26 and 50-54 of cycle 3, days 15-19 and 43-47 of cycle 4, days 8-12 and 36-40 of cycle 5. Treatment repeats every 63 days for up to 5 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

Radiation: External Beam Radiation Therapy
Undergo external beam radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Definitive Radiation Therapy
  • EBRT
  • External Beam Radiation
  • External Beam Radiotherapy
  • External Beam RT
  • external radiation
  • External Radiation Therapy
  • external-beam radiation
  • Radiation, External Beam

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • ENERGY_TYPE
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiation Therapy, NOS
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Temozolomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CCRG-81045
  • Imidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazine-8-carboxamide, 3, 4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxo-
  • M & B 39831
  • M and B 39831
  • Methazolastone
  • RP-46161
  • SCH 52365
  • Temcad
  • Temodal
  • Temodar
  • Temomedac
  • TMZ




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of dose limiting toxicities (DLT) (Group 1) [ Time Frame: Up to 189 days (3 cycles of treatment) ]
    A DLT will be defined as an adverse event attributed (definitely, probably, or possibly) to pembrolizumab per National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0. The rate of DLTs within each dose-level cohort will be reported along with confidence intervals.

  2. Overall survival (OS) (Group 2) [ Time Frame: Beginning of study therapy to death, assessed at 18 months ]
    Will be defined as the number of patients who are alive up to 18 months after beginning study therapy divided by the total evaluable patients. The OS at 18 months percentage and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated via the Kaplan-Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The number and severity of all adverse events will be tabulated and summarized in this patient population. Specifically, the overall toxicity percentages for Grade 3 or higher adverse events considered at least possibly related to treatment will also calculated and reported. All other adverse event analysis will be exploratory and hypothesis generating. This may include and not be limited to: a summary of nonhematologic (unspecified) adverse events will be evaluated via the ordinal CTCAE grading, measures of thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and leukopenia will be assessed using continuous variables as the outcome measures (primarily nadir) as well as categorization via CTCAE grading, overall adverse event incidence as well as profiles by dose level and by tumor type will be explored and summarized.

  2. Time until any treatment related adverse event [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be summarized descriptively.

  3. Time until treatment related grade 3+ adverse event [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be summarized descriptively.

  4. Time until hematologic nadirs [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will assess the time until hematologic nadirs (white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, platelets) and will be summarized descriptively.

  5. Time to progression (Group 2) [ Time Frame: From start of study treatment to progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be assessed using the immunotherapy response assessment for neuro-oncology (iRANO) criteria. The median and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated via the Kaplan-Meier method.

  6. Progression-free survival (Group 2) [ Time Frame: From date of starting study treatment to the date of disease progression or death resulting from any cause, whichever comes first, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be assessed according to iRANO criteria. The median and 95% confidence intervals will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator.

  7. Time to treatment failure (Group 2) [ Time Frame: Time from beginning study therapy to documentation of progression, unacceptable adverse event(s), or refusal to continue participation by the patient, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The median and 95% confidence intervals will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier estimator.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarkers [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
    Will be explored descriptively to detect patterns and substantial changes. In addition, differences between post-baseline and baseline apoptotic scores will be analyzed using a paired-sample t-test or the nonparametric equivalent.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological confirmation of supratentorial glioblastoma (also known as astrocytoma grade IV, gliosarcoma)
  • Neoadjuvant patients only: Have an enhancing mass on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) amenable to > 90% resection of contrast-enhancing tumor (as determined by the neurosurgeon pre-operatively) and histological diagnosis of glioblastoma from a prior stereotactic biopsy

    • NOTE: Stereotactic biopsy must have been =< 28 days prior to registration
  • Neoadjuvant patients only: Willing to undergo craniotomy and resection of their glioblastoma at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota (MN)
  • Adjuvant patients only: Must have undergone craniotomy and resection of their glioblastoma =< 6 weeks prior to registration
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (=< 7 days prior to assessment) (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy and PT or partial prothrombin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of coagulants (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy and PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of coagulants (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for patients with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) AND alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Creatinine =< 1.0 x ULN OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (per institutional standard) must be >= 60 ml/min (obtained =< 28 days prior to registration)
  • Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only (POCBP)

    • NOTE: Serum or urine pregnancy test allowed; if urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • POCBP must be willing to use adequate contraception starting with first dose through 120 days after last dose
  • Provide written informed consent
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)

    • Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
  • Willing to provide tissue and blood samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

    • Pregnant persons
    • Nursing persons
    • Persons of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Neoadjuvant patients only: Signs or symptoms of life-threatening raised intracranial pressure: as defined by the treating neurosurgeon, including severe headache, nausea, decreasing level of consciousness, precluding 4-7 day delay in scheduling neurosurgery
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Other active malignancy =< 5 years prior to registration

    • EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix
    • NOTE: If there is a history or prior malignancy, the patient must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer
  • History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months prior to registration, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs; NOTE: Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Received a live vaccine =< 30 days prior to registration
  • History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Received or planning to receive Optune device

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03197506


Locations
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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic in Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Clinical Trials Referral Office    855-776-0015    mayocliniccancerstudies@mayo.edu   
Principal Investigator: Ian F. Parney, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ian F Parney Mayo Clinic in Rochester
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Responsible Party: Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03197506    
Other Study ID Numbers: MC1572
NCI-2017-01106 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC1572 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic in Rochester )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 23, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 5, 2021
Last Verified: December 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Gliosarcoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Pembrolizumab
Temozolomide
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action