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Oral STAT3 Inhibitor, TTI-101, in Patients With Advanced Cancers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03195699
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 22, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tvardi Therapeutics, Incorporated

Brief Summary:
Many patients have cancers that have increased activity of a protein called STAT3 that contributes critically to the development and growth of their cancer. Despite our knowledge of STAT3's importance to cancer, scientists and doctors have not developed a drug that targets it and that patients can take to treat their cancer more effectively than treatments that are now available. Tvardi Therapeutics, Incorporated has developed a compound, TTI-101, which can be given by mouth and acts as a direct inhibitor of STAT3. Administration of TTI-101 to mice demonstrated that it blocked growth of cancers of the breast, head and neck, lung, and liver and it was safe when administered at high doses to mice, rats, and dogs. In this application, Tvardi is proposing to further develop TTI-101 for treatment of solid tumors for which the prognosis is dismal. The investigators will determine how safe it is when administered to patients with cancer, determine whether an adequate dose can be administered to patients with cancer that will block STAT3 in their cancer, and determine whether treatment with TTI-101 leads to reduced growth of their cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Hepatocellular Cancer Colorectal Cancer Gastric Adenocarcinoma Melanoma Advanced Cancer Drug: TTI-101 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a member of a family of seven closely related proteins responsible for transmission of peptide hormone signals from the extracellular surface of cells to the nucleus. STAT3 is a master regulator of most key hallmarks and enablers of cancer, including cell proliferation, resistance to apoptosis, metastasis, immune evasion, tumor angiogenesis, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), response to DNA damage, and the Warburg effect. STAT3 also is a key mediator of oncogene addiction and supports the self-renewal of tumor-initiating cancer stem cells that contribute to cancer initiation, cancer maintenance, and relapse in several types of tumors. STAT3 activity is increased in ~50% of all cancers, due either to naturally occurring STAT3 mutations, as have been demonstrated in human inflammatory hepatocellular adenomas and large granular lymphocytic leukemia, or, more commonly as a result of activation of signaling molecules upstream of STAT3, including receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK; e.g. epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR), tyrosine kinase-associated receptors (e.g. the family of IL-6 cytokine receptors or G-protein coupled receptors, GPCR), and Src kinases (e.g. Src, Lck, Hck, Lyn, Fyn, or Fgr). Thus, STAT3 is an attractive target for drug development to treat many types of cancer including breast cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), colorectal cancer (CRC), gastric adenocarcinoma and melanoma.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of TTI-101, an Oral Inhibitor of Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (STAT) 3, in Patients With Advanced Cancers
Actual Study Start Date : November 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose escalation study
Oral administration of TTI-101 for up to 6 28-day cycles
Drug: TTI-101
Patients in the first cohort are treated at dose level 1. Each cohort of a dose level will include at least 3 patients, who will be evaluated for at least one cycle (28-days). The next dose level will be determined after careful review of the tolerability and pharmacokinetics of the previous cohort. If the current dose is the lowest dose and the rule indicates dose de-escalation, we will treat the new patients at the lowest dose unless the number of DLTs reaches the elimination boundary, at which point we will terminate the trial for safety. If the current dose is the highest dose and the rule indicates dose escalation, we will treat the new patients at the highest dose.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose of TTI-101 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities, and tolerability of TTI-101 administered orally to patients with advanced breast cancer and other solid tumors. Dose-limiting toxicity is defined as a Grade 3 or above adverse event (using CTCAE v5.0) within the first treatment cycle (28-days).

  2. Pharmacokinetics - Cmax [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Cmax(obs) will be determined by direct inspection of the plasma drug concentration versus time data point values.

  3. Pharmacokinetics - Tmax [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Tmax(obs) will also be determined by direct inspection of the plasma drug concentration versus time data point values.

  4. Pharmacokinetics - AUC(0-t) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    AUC(0-t) (where t = the time point for the last sample on the pharmacokinetic profile in which quantifiable drug was detected) will be estimated using linear or linear/log trapezoidal calculation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacodynamics of TTI-101 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Levels of pY-STAT3 measured using Luminex bead-based assays, without and with cytokine stimulation both before and after receiving TTI-101 will be measured. Changes in pY-STAT1 and pY-STAT3 over time will be assessed.

  2. Pharmacodynamics of TTI-101 in tumors of patients [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Levels of pY-STAT3 will be scored by percentage of positive cells and intensity of staining. Analyses will be at only two time points: before and after 28-day cycle.

  3. Complete Response (CR) - Target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.

  4. Partial Response (PR) - Target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  5. Progressive Disease (PD) - Target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression).

  6. Stable Disease (SD) - Target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.

  7. Complete Response (CR) - Non-target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. All lymph nodes must be non-pathological in size (<10 mm short axis).

  8. Non-CR/Non-PD - Non-target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Non-CR/Non-PD: Persistence of one or more non-target lesion(s) and/or maintenance of tumor marker level above the normal limits.

  9. Progressive Disease (PD) - Non-target Lesions [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Progressive Disease (PD): Unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression).

  10. Best Overall Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The best overall response is the best response recorded from the start of the study treatment until the end of treatment, taking into account any requirement for confirmation. The patient's best overall response assignment will depend on the findings of both target and non-target disease and will also take into consideration the appearance of new lesions.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

All of the following inclusion criteria must be fulfilled for eligibility:

  1. Age ≥18 years;
  2. Patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of locally-advanced, inoperable, metastatic and/or treatment refractory solid tumors for whom there are no available therapies that will confer clinical benefit;
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance status 0-1;
  4. Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL, neutrophil count ≥1.0 x 109/l, platelets ≥100 x 109/L;
  5. Adequate renal function capability, as calculated by creatinine clearance >60 ml/min using the Cockroft-Gault formula;
  6. Adequate liver function defined as total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN, and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <3 x ULN. For subjects with liver involvement, AST/ALT <5 x ULN;
  7. Measurable disease using clinically appropriate criteria for the type of malignancy, RECIST v 1.1 for solid tumors;
  8. Negative blood pregnancy test at the screening visit for women of childbearing potential, defined as: female subjects after puberty unless they have been postmenopausal for at least two years, are surgically sterile, or are sexually inactive and will remain so for the course of the trial;
  9. Willingness to avoid pregnancy and breast feeding beginning two weeks before the first TTI-101 dose and ending three months after the last trial treatment. Male subjects with female partners of childbearing potential and female subjects of childbearing potential must use adequate contraception in the judgment of the Investigator, such as a two—barrier method or a one—barrier method with spermicide or intrauterine device during trial treatment dosing and for 3 months after the last dose of the study; and
  10. Ability to read and understand the informed consent form and willingness and ability to give informed consent and demonstrate comprehension of the trial before undergoing any trial activities.

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects are ineligible to enroll in this trial if they fulfill any of the following exclusion criteria:

  1. Previous therapy with:

    1. Standard therapy including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or any other anticancer therapy within 28 days (or five elimination half-lives for non-cytotoxics, whichever is shorter) of Day 1 of trial drug treatment (6 weeks for nitrosureas or mitomycin);
    2. Any investigational agent within 28 days of Day 1 of trial drug treatment or 5 half-lives for a small molecule/targeted therapy;
  2. Extensive prior radiotherapy on more than 30% of bone marrow reserves, or prior bone marrow/stem cell transplantation within 5 years from enrollment; Ongoing toxicity (except alopecia) due to a prior therapy, unless returned to baseline or Grade 1 or less;
  3. Major surgical intervention or participation in a therapeutic clinical trial within 28 days from Day 1 of the first dose of TTI-101;
  4. Significantly impaired cardiac function such as unstable angina pectoris, congestive heart failure with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, myocardial infarction within the last 12 months prior to trial entry; signs of pericardial effusion, serious arrhythmia (including QTc prolongation of >470 ms and/or pacemaker) or prior diagnosis of congenital long QT syndrome or left ventricular ejection fraction <50% on screening echocardiogram;
  5. History of cerebral vascular accident or stroke within the previous 2 years;
  6. Uncontrolled hypertension (>160/100mm Hg);
  7. History of Grade 3 or 4 allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition as TTI-101 (hydroxyl-naphthalene sulfonamides);
  8. Known active metastases in the central nervous system (unless stable by brain imaging studies for at least 1 month without evidence of cerebral edema and no requirements for corticosteroids or anticonvulsants);
  9. History of difficulty swallowing, malabsorption, or other chronic gastrointestinal disease or conditions that may hamper compliance and/or absorption of the investigational product;
  10. Known human immunodeficiency virus or viral hepatitis;
  11. Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity;
  12. Pregnant or lactating women;
  13. Any other condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, might impair the subject's tolerance of trial treatment, the safety of the individual subject, or the outcome of the trial;
  14. Previous treatment of the current malignancy with a STAT inhibitor.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03195699


Contacts
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Contact: David J Tweardy, MD 832-413-1362 davidt@stemmedcancer.com

Locations
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United States, Texas
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Apostolia M. Tsimberidou, MD, PhD    713-792-4259    atsimber@mdanderson.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tvardi Therapeutics, Incorporated
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Apostolia Tsimberidou, MD, PhD The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: Tvardi Therapeutics, Incorporated
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03195699     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SM_CP2016-0842
First Posted: June 22, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 19, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Tvardi Therapeutics, Incorporated:
STAT3, cancer, inhibitor, advanced cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Liver Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Liver Diseases