Effect of Pre-warming on Perioperative Hypothermia During HoLEPunder Spinal Anesthesia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03184506|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2019
Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia is an unintentional drop in core body temperature below 36°C. Intraoperative hypothermia can lead to serious clinical complications such as, myocardial ischemia, coagulopathy, immunosuppression, and surgical wound infection. Hypothermia develops easily during surgeries that require irrigation fluid, such as laparoscopic surgery and transurethral resection of the prostate. Although isothermic irrigation fluid was suggested to prevent perioperative hypothermia, it can be difficult to warm a large volume of irrigation fluid.
Re-distribution after induction of anesthesia is the most important cause of perioperative hypothermia. The extent of re-distribution is proportional to the gradient between the core and peripheral compartments. Pre-warming increases the heat content of the peripheral thermal compartment, reducing the gradient for redistribution. Recently, A recent-meta analysis suggested that as a single strategy, preoperative forced air warming had significant benefits than other warming methods. Also, it was reported that only 20 (or even 10) min of pre-warming mostly prevented patients from perioperative hypothermia under general anesthesia. However, few studies have examined whether short time pre-warming can reduce hypothermia due to a large amount of irrigation fluid during surgery under spinal anesthesia.
The purpose of this study is to assess whether the application of preoperative forced air warming set to high temperature (> 43°C) for brief period can prevent hypothermia or shivering during procedures requiring large volumes of cold irrigation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hypothermia||Other: pre-warming Other: no warming||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Effect of Pre-warming on Perioperative Hypothermia and Shivering During Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate (HoLEP) Under Spinal Anesthesia|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 12, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2017|
|Sham Comparator: control group||
Other: no warming
patients were covered only with two layers of cotton blanket
|Active Comparator: pre-warming group||
On arrival at the preoperative care unit, assignments were determined using an opaque sealed envelope opened by investigator with no clinical involvement in the study. In the pre-warming group, the forced-air blanket (COVIDIEN™ WarmTouch™ Full Body/Multi Access Blanket, Covidien Ilc, Mansfield, MA, USA) was positioned over the whole body except head and neck, covered by cotton blanket. Forced air warmer (COVIDIEN™ WarmTouch™ WT6000 Warming Unit, Covidien Ilc, Mansfield, MA, USA) was set to 'high level' (45℃) during 20 min. During the warming procedure, patients were asked every 5 min about their thermal comfort; if they felt overheated, the warmer was lowered to 41℃
- core temperature [ Time Frame: on admission to PACU ]taken in the same ear using an infrared tympanic thermometer (ThermoScan IRT 1020; Braun, Germany), and the highest reading from three consecutive measurements was recorded.
- the incidence of perioperative hypothermia [ Time Frame: at baseline (preoperative care unit), on arrival at the OR, every 10 minutes after spinal anesthesia, and on admission to PACU 1 hour ]Hypothermia defined as a core temperature less than 36.0°C in according to the current guideline. The number of patients who became hypothermic at each time was recorded.
- the incidence of shivering [ Time Frame: on arrival at the OR, at every 30 minutes after spinal anesthesia, on admission to PACU, and then every 30 minutes for 1 hour. ]graded using 4 point scale (0 = no shivering; 1 = shivering localized to the core and neck; 2 = shivering including the upper extremities; and 3 = total body shivering)
- Thermal comfort [ Time Frame: on arrival at the OR, at every 30 minutes after spinal anesthesia, on admission to PACU, and then every 30 minutes for 1 hour. ]evaluated using a numeric rating scale: 0 was defined as 'extremely cold', 5 as 'thermally neutral', and 10 as 'extremely hot'
- core temperature [ Time Frame: at baseline (preoperative care unit), on arrival at the operation room, every 30 minutes after spinal anesthesia ]taken in the same ear using an infrared tympanic thermometer (ThermoScan IRT 1020; Braun, Germany), and the highest reading from three consecutive measurements was recorded.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03184506
|Korea, Republic of|
|Kangnam Sared heart Hospital|
|Seoul, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Korea, Republic of, 07441|