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Atezolizumab With Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Anaplastic or Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03181100
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well atezolizumab in combination with chemotherapy works in treating patients with anaplastic or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Vemurafenib and cobimetinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs such as nab-paclitaxel and paclitaxel work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial is being done to see if atezolizumab in combination with chemotherapy works better in treating patients with anaplastic or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer compared to standard treatments.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Anaplastic Carcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Anaplastic Carcinoma AJCC v8 Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Anaplastic Carcinoma AJCC v8 Thyroid Gland Anaplastic Carcinoma Unresectable Thyroid Gland Carcinoma Drug: Atezolizumab Biological: Bevacizumab Drug: Cobimetinib Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Vemurafenib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if targeted therapy + atezolizumab (cohorts 1-3) will lead to improved overall survival (OS) in patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and efficacy (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] response rate, progression-free survival [PFS]) of targeted therapy + atezolizumab (cohorts 1-3) in ATC and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC).

II. To determine the OS in patients with PDTC treated with targeted therapy + atezolizumab (cohorts 1-3).

III. To determine the efficacy (RECIST response rate, progression-free survival [PFS]) and OS of ATC and PDTC patients treated with taxanes + atezolizumab (cohort 4).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate changes in the tumor-associated and systemic immune system biomarkers in ATC and PDTC patients treated with immunotherapy.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 cohorts.

COHORT I (BRAF MUTATION): Patients receive vemurafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21, cobimetinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-21, and atezolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT II (RAS, NF1, OR NF2 MUTATION including patients with MAPK activating mutations at or above MEK): Patients receive cobimetinib PO QD on days 1-21 and atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT III (NON-BRAF/NON-RAS MUTATION): Patients receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes and bevacizumab IV over 60-90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT IV: Patients receive nab-paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Patients may receive paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on day 1 as a substitute for nab-paclitaxel. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for years 1-2, every 6 months for years 3-4, then yearly thereafter.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Atezolizumab Combinations With Chemotherapy for Anaplastic and Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinomas
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 27, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 27, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort I (vemurafenib, cobimetinib, atezolizumab)
Patients receive vemurafenib PO BID on days 1-21, cobimetinib PO QD on days 1-21, and atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MPDL 3280A
  • MPDL 328OA
  • MPDL-3280A
  • MPDL3280A
  • MPDL328OA
  • RG7446
  • RO5541267
  • Tecentriq

Drug: Cobimetinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cotellic
  • GDC-0973
  • MEK Inhibitor GDC-0973
  • XL518

Drug: Vemurafenib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BRAF (V600E) kinase inhibitor RO5185426
  • BRAF(V600E) Kinase Inhibitor RO5185426
  • PLX-4032
  • PLX4032
  • RG 7204
  • RG7204
  • RO 5185426
  • Zelboraf

Experimental: Cohort II (atezolizumab, cobimetinib)
Patients receive cobimetinib PO QD on days 1-21 and atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MPDL 3280A
  • MPDL 328OA
  • MPDL-3280A
  • MPDL3280A
  • MPDL328OA
  • RG7446
  • RO5541267
  • Tecentriq

Drug: Cobimetinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cotellic
  • GDC-0973
  • MEK Inhibitor GDC-0973
  • XL518

Experimental: Cohort III (atezolizumab, bevacizumab)
Patients receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes and bevacizumab IV over 60-90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MPDL 3280A
  • MPDL 328OA
  • MPDL-3280A
  • MPDL3280A
  • MPDL328OA
  • RG7446
  • RO5541267
  • Tecentriq

Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-VEGF
  • Anti-VEGF Humanized Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-VEGF rhuMAb
  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BEVZ92
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar BI 695502
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar CBT 124
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar FKB238
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar MIL60
  • Bevacizumab Biosimilar QL 1101
  • BEVACIZUMAB, LICENSE HOLDER UNSPECIFIED
  • Immunoglobulin G1 (Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Gamma-Chain Anti-Human Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor), Disulfide With Human-Mouse Monoclonal rhuMab-VEGF Light Chain, Dimer
  • Recombinant Humanized Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
  • rhuMab-VEGF

Experimental: Cohort IV (nab-paclitaxel, atezolizumab, paclitaxel,)
Patients receive nab-paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and atezolizumab IV on day 1 over 30-60 minutes. Patients may receive paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on day 1 as a substitute for nab-paclitaxel. Cycles repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • MPDL 3280A
  • MPDL 328OA
  • MPDL-3280A
  • MPDL3280A
  • MPDL328OA
  • RG7446
  • RO5541267
  • Tecentriq

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABI 007
  • ABI-007
  • Abraxane
  • Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
  • Albumin-Stabilized Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
  • Nanoparticle Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
  • Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
  • paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation
  • Protein-bound Paclitaxel

Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Praxel
  • Taxol
  • Taxol Konzentrat




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) with targeted therapy + atezolizumab in cohorts 1 and 3 with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from start date of cohort specific treatment to death from any cause will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy determined per Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST) of targeted therapy + atezolizumab in Cohorts 1-3 with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. Efficacy determined per immune related (ir)RECIST of targeted therapy + atezolizumab in Cohorts 1-3 with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  3. Efficacy determined per RECIST of taxanes + atezolizumab in cohort 4 with poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  4. Progression-free survival anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival defined as the time from start date of cohort specific treatment to progression or death (whichever occurs first) will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  5. Adverse events of targeted therapy + atezolizumab in cohorts 1-3 with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 90 days after study drugs stopped ]
    Adverse events recorded per The Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).

  6. Adverse events of taxanes + atezolizumab in cohort 4 with poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC) [ Time Frame: 90 days after study drugs stopped ]
    Adverse events recorded per CTCAE.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed anaplastic thyroid or poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas.
  • Patients deemed to have unresectable locoregional disease or metastatic disease. Patients who are unwilling to undergo surgery or external beam radiation are also eligible.
  • Patients with poorly differentiated thyroid cancer must have at least one target lesion by RECIST version 1.1. This is not a requirement for ATC patients.
  • Total bilirubin =<1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN). Total bilirubin: 3 x ULN for patients with Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 2.5 x ULN, (5 x ULN for patients with concurrent liver metastases).
  • Serum creatinine =< within 1.5 x ULN.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 10^9 /L.
  • Platelets (PLT) >= 100 x 10^9 /L.
  • For patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: stable anticoagulant regimen and stable international normalized ratio (INR) during the 28 days immediately preceding initiation of study treatment.
  • Subjects must be willing to undergo tumor biopsy prior to and after treatment with atezolizumab, unless in the opinion of the treating physician, a biopsy is not feasible or safe.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score (PS) =< 2.
  • Age and reproductive status:

    • Males and females, >=18 years. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to the start of study drug and must use effective contraceptives throughout the duration of the study. Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to use effective contraception throughout the duration of the study. Azoospermic males and WOCBP who are continuously not heterosexually active are exempt from contraceptive requirements.

      • A Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) and is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over age 45 years in the absence of other biological or physiological causes.
  • Ability to provide informed consent.
  • ADDITIONAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BRAF MUTATION (COHORT 1): Patients with a BRAFV600E mutation being considered for the triplet combination (vemurafenib + cobimetinib + atezolizumab) must meet the following end organ function criteria:
  • COHORT 1: ANC >= 1.5 × 10^9 /L without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support.
  • COHORT 1: WBC count >= 2.5 x 10^9 /L.
  • COHORT 1: Lymphocyte count >= 0.5 x 10^9/L.
  • COHORT 1: Platelet count >= 100 × 10^9 /L without transfusion.
  • COHORT 1: Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/L without transfusion.
  • COHORT 1: Serum albumin > =2.5 g/L
  • COHORT 1: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
  • COHORT 1: AST and ALT =< 2.0 x ULN
  • COHORT 1: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) =< 2.5 x ULN or, for patients with documented liver or bone metastases, ALP =< 5 x ULN
  • COHORT 1: Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 40 mL/min on the basis of measured CrCl from a 24-hour urine collection or Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation. Patients with BRAF mutation may be screened for eligibility in cohorts 2, 3, or 4 (in this order of preference) if they do not meet the entry criteria for cohort 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitus on stable insulin regimen, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • For patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: INR or partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) > 1.5 x ULN within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment.
  • Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or pathway targeting agents. Patients who have received prior treatment with anti-CTLA-4 may be enrolled, provided the following requirements are met: Minimum of 12 weeks from the first dose of anti-CTLA-4 and > 6 weeks from the last dose, and no history of severe immune-related adverse effects from anti-CTLA 4 (National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 3 and 4).
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease.
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C infection Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test and a positive anti-HBc [antibody to hepatitis B core antigen] antibody test) are eligible. However, patients with past or resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) should be monitored for reactivation by a specialist. Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA).
  • Pregnant or lactating women. All pre-menopausal women being screened must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to commencement of dosing. Women of non-childbearing potential may be included if they are either surgically sterile or have been postmenopausal for >= 1 year. Fertile men and women must use an effective method of contraception during treatment and for at least 6 months after completion of treatment as directed by their physician.
  • Untreated brain metastases.
  • Chemotherapy within 21 days of enrollment with the exception of paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane). Patients who have received one course of these agents prior to study entry are eligible. (One course of weekly paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel is 3 doses. One course of every 3 week dosing of paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel is 1 dose). Patients who have received prior radiosensitizing chemotherapy are eligible.
  • The use of corticosteroids is not allowed for 10 days prior to initiation of atezolizumab except patients who are taking steroids for physiological replacement. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. This does not apply to patients receiving steroids as pre-medications for paclitaxel administration.
  • Grade >= 2 uncontrolled hypertension (patients with a history of hypertension controlled with anti-hypertensive medication to Grade =< 1 are eligible).
  • ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR non-BRAF/non-RAS MUTATION (COHORT 3):

    • Patients with clinically significant hemoptysis or tumor bleeding within two weeks prior to first dose of targeted therapy.
    • Patients with suspected tracheal or esophageal invasion are excluded from cohort 3 due to the high risk of trachealesophageal fistula. Patients excluded from cohort 3 may be enrolled on taxane + atezolizumab cohort (cohort 4).
  • ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR COHORTS 1 and 2: Ocular Exclusion Criteria for vemurafenib and cobimetinib containing cohorts—cohorts 1 and 2. (However, these patients may be assigned other cohorts if they do not meet the ocular exclusion criteria): History of or evidence of retinal pathology on ophthalmologic examination that is considered a risk factor for neurosensory retinal detachment, central serous chorioretinopathy, retinal vein occlusion (RVO), or neovascular macular degeneration Patients will be excluded from participation in cohorts 1 and 2 if they currently are known to have any of the following risk factors for RVO:

    • History of serous retinopathy.
    • History of retinal vein occlusion.
    • History of ongoing serous retinopathy or RVO.
  • ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS IN COHORT 1 (vemurafenib+cobimetinib+atezolizumab): History of clinically significant cardiac dysfunction, including the following:

    • Mean (average of triplicate measurements) QTc interval corrected using Fridericia's method >= 480 ms at screening, or uncorrectable abnormalities in serum electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus).
  • ADDITIONAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS IN COHORTS 1 and 2 (cobimetinib-containing cohorts):

    • Unstable angina, or new-onset angina within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment.
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure, defined as New York Heart Association Class II or higher.
    • Myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment.
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction below the institutional lower limit of normal or below 50%, whichever is lower.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03181100


Contacts
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Contact: Maria E. Cabanillas, MD 713-792-2841 mcabani@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Maria E. Cabanillas    713-792-2841      
Principal Investigator: Maria E. Cabanillas         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Maria E Cabanillas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03181100     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-0916
NCI-2019-02581 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2016-0916 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma
Thyroid Neoplasms
Thyroid Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Bevacizumab
Atezolizumab
Vemurafenib
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Endothelial Growth Factors
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs