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Teaching Skin Self-Examination to First-degree Relatives of Melanoma Patients Using Mobile App Technology

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment.
Verified October 2017 by June Robinson, Northwestern University
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03177941
First Posted: June 6, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 17, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Vibrent Health
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
June Robinson, Northwestern University
  Purpose
The proposed study builds upon the success of our research program (STU00017005: Interventions to teach melanoma patients skin self-examination and the continuation STU0201983) designed to increase early detection of melanomas before they metastasize. This study seeks to expand the use of our efficacious skin self-examination (SSE) training program to first-degree relatives with automated support with reminders and the dermatologist coaching about pictures of moles submitted by user. In 2015 there are more than 1 million living melanoma patients in the United States (US), and almost 500,000 were age 40-60 years. If each melanoma patient has 2.79 first-degree relatives (children, and siblings of melanoma patients), then there are 2.79 million first-degree relatives and 1 million melanoma patients or 3.79 million people at-risk to develop melanoma, who are predominantly non-Hispanic White. A first-degree relative (FDR) is the parent, sibling or child of a melanoma patient. In 2015, approximately 73,870 individuals in the US will be diagnosed with invasive melanoma and about 9,940 will die from the disease. People with a history of melanoma have 10 times greater risk of developing a second new melanoma relative to the general population. A first-degree relative of a melanoma patient (parent, child, sibling) has an 8 times greater chance of developing melanoma. Early detection with surgical excision at an early stage when treatment is usually more effective is the only proven curative strategy. Thus, enhanced surveillance for melanoma patients and screening for their first-degree relatives, who have the same skin type (skin that easily sunburns) and melanoma-risk habits (sunny vacations) as the melanoma survivor, has the potential to detect melanomas in the early stages where treatment prognosis is optimal. Indeed, several societies recommend routine screening by a physician for persons with a family history of melanoma.

Condition Intervention
Melanoma Other: Eviderma Smart Phone Teledermatology Application (Eviderma)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
2 Group Random Clinical Trial
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Validation of Mobile Technologies for Clinical Assessment, Monitoring, and Intervention (SBIR Topic 342, Direct to Phase II- Vignet, Inc.)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by June Robinson, Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Performance of skin-self examination [ Time Frame: 4-months ]
    The first-degree relative and their skin check partner check about 5 moles/ freckles monthly, and upload a photograph of one mole with a decision about whether the mole is benign, needs to be watched for change, or may be malignant and they need to see a doctor.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Engage a partner in helping to check hard to see locations. [ Time Frame: 4-months ]
    Self- reported responses to survey


Estimated Enrollment: 600
Anticipated Study Start Date: April 1, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Skin Self-Examination

Melanoma patients (n=300) and their first-degree relatives (n=300) that are between 16-70 years old will participate in the study. Participants will be randomized to receive the intervention or the control group. Participants randomized to the control group will have access to the app later.

Assigned Interventions Behavioral: Skin self-examination structure training First-degree relatives download a mobile application onto their smart phone (n=150). This is the skin self-examination training intervention used in the original RCT (MoleScore). Participants will perform a Skin Self-Examination with partner assistance each month during the study. Participants will take a picture of one of their moles using their smart phone and upload to the application one image of a mole/freckle with a decision about their mole/freckle.

Other: Eviderma Smart Phone Teledermatology Application (Eviderma)
First-degree relatives download a mobile application onto their smart phone (n=150). This is the skin self-examination training intervention used in the original RCT (MoleScore). Participants will perform a Skin Self-Examination with partner assistance each month during the study. Participants will take a picture of one of their moles using their smart phone and upload to the application one image of a mole/freckle with a decision about their mole/freckle.
Active Comparator: Active Control

Participants (n=150) will complete web-based surveys at baseline and 4-months. Control participants do not initially receive training; however, after completing the 4-month survey they will be given access to the training.

Assigned Interventions

Behavioral: Skin self-examination structured training Training will be provided via a mobile application. After completing the 4-month survey, the control participants may request the link to download the application.

Other: Eviderma Smart Phone Teledermatology Application (Eviderma)
First-degree relatives download a mobile application onto their smart phone (n=150). This is the skin self-examination training intervention used in the original RCT (MoleScore). Participants will perform a Skin Self-Examination with partner assistance each month during the study. Participants will take a picture of one of their moles using their smart phone and upload to the application one image of a mole/freckle with a decision about their mole/freckle.

Detailed Description:

The melanoma diagnosis represents a patchwork of transitions for the family with the opportunity to promote early detection in the first-degree relatives of melanoma patients. While family communication is a promising way to promote risk awareness and provide skills training in skin self-examination (SSE), knowing about a family member with a history of melanoma is no guarantee that a relative will accept their risk or act to minimize their risk by performing SSE. Indeed performance of SSE by people at-risk to develop melanoma ranges from 39% to 50%. Family separation by distance can now be overcome with technology (Skype, Facetime), but support for melanoma patients, who frame the risk of developing melanoma for their relatives, does not exist. The melanoma patient needs to be a) confident in their ability to communicate with at-risk relatives, b) able to reassure their loved one(s) that they can learn to do a skin check and perform it well, and c) supported in their decisions about pigmented lesions (moles) by ready access to a physician. The tools to learn how to check for melanoma with the assistance of a partner to see locations that are difficult for a person to see on their own body, e.g. the back and tops of the ears have been developed and validated by Robinson et al. Now, we will use of informatics technology of the proven physician-to-physician consultation of the Vibrent Mobile Telederm system to provide first-degree relatives of melanoma patients with education about their risk of developing melanoma and the importance of early detection, teach the skills to perform SSE, provide diaries for home use and access to a dermatologist. The first-degree relative will download the Eviderma Smart Phone Teledermatology Application (Eviderma), learn how to perform SSE, and self-report their adherence to their care plan by reporting their SSE results, and send the dermatologist a picture of one pigmented lesion (mole) each month with scores of the features and a decision about whether it is concerning, and the dermatologist will recommend next steps. The first-degree relative will benefit from automated self-service supported via tailored content and evidence-based health literacy and educational content. This program gives the first-degree relative of the melanoma patient the right information at the right time to learn the skills needed to detect concerning lesions without unnecessary visits to the doctor, thus, saving cost.

The study aims are as follows:

  1. To expand the uptake of an efficacious evidence-based SSE training program to first-degree relatives with the Eviderma program.

    • Eviderma develops materials for the first-degree relatives of melanoma patients, and improves their education and awareness of the risk of developing melanoma.
    • Assess engagement of first-degree relatives within the Eviderma program.
  2. To assess the efficacy of the Eviderma program for melanoma patients' first-degree relatives.

    • A randomized controlled trial with the first-degree relatives of melanoma patients diagnosed with Stage 0-IIIA within the last five years
    • Assess change from baseline to 4 months in: a) knowledge about melanoma b) perception of risk of developing melanoma and importance of early detection b) SSE skills c) SSE performance, d) physician visits
  3. To examine for whom the Eviderma program works best/least by assessing baseline perceived risk, importance of melanoma and its early detection, SSE self-efficacy and sex moderate SSE performance.
  4. Assess health care expenditures of first-degree relatives using the Eviderma program in comparison with controls for the cost of visits with the primary care physician and dermatologist, including biopsy of lesions and their pathology
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion Criteria for Melanoma Patient:

    • Melanoma patient with Stage 0-IIIA diagnosed within the last 5 years
    • At least 2 months post-surgical treatment
    • Age 18-70 years old
    • Has Internet access
    • Owns and can use a smartphone
    • Has an adult (18-70 years old) first-degree relative (sibling, parent, child)
    • Willing to recruit a first-degree relative to be educated in SSE
    • If the melanoma patient is selected to participate as a skin check partner by their first-degree relative, then they may serve as a skin check partner over the duration of the 4 months; however, no data is collected from skin check partners.

Inclusion Criteria for First-degree Relative:

  • Have a first-degree relative who is melanoma patient with Stage 0-IIIA diagnosed within the last five years
  • No personal history of melanoma
  • Age 18-70 years old
  • Teen child 16 to 17 years of age.
  • Owns and can use a smartphone that can take close-up pictures of moles and can upload pictures of moles to the HIPPA secure website
  • Has Internet access
  • Willing to participate in two online assessments with an optional third survey if the person finds a clinically concerning mole and has an appointment with a primary care physician or a dermatologist to evaluate the clinically concerning mole, and receive reminders via the mobile device

Exclusion Criteria:

- Exclusion Criteria for Melanoma Patient:

• Subjects overburdened with other co-morbid diseases (e.g. chronic immunosuppression from organ transplantation) or medical treatments (e.g. chemotherapy)

Exclusion Criteria for First-degree Relative:

  • Subjects overburdened with other co-morbid diseases (e.g. chronic immunosuppression from organ transplantation) or medical treatments (e.g. chemotherapy)
  • Do not own a smartphone
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03177941


Contacts
Contact: Leonid Chavez, MA 312-503-5920 leonid.chavez@northwestern.edu
Contact: June K. Robinson, MD 312-503-5941 june-robinson@northwestern.edu

Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Department of Dermatology Not yet recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Leonid Chavez, MA    312-503-5920    leonid.chavez@northwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: June K. Robinson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Vibrent Health
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: June K. Robinson, MD Northwestern University
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: June Robinson, MD, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03177941     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00204232
First Submitted: June 2, 2017
First Posted: June 6, 2017
Last Update Posted: November 17, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Publish results

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by June Robinson, Northwestern University:
Melanoma
Skin Self-Examination
First-degree Relative
Mobile Application

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas