Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Chronic Kidney Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174899
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 10, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
DMAhmed, Assiut University

Brief Summary:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common global public health problem and the average incidence of end-stage renal disease in developing countries is 150 per million population, which is lower than that in the developed world

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Disease Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Since renal parenchymal disease is accompanied by renal dysfunction, monitoring renal function permits assessment of disease progression, and periodic assessment of renal function is necessary for optimal management of a patient with suspected/proven renal disease. Serum creatinine (S Cr), blood urea (BU), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) derived from creatinine clearance are useful for monitoring renal function; however, these indirect measures of renal filtration are imperfect and cannot assess single kidney function.

Keeping in view the limitations of serum markers, imaging may play an important role in the evaluation of renal parenchymal disease. Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomographic (CT) scan provide good anatomic images but limited functional information. Although US may show changes in renal echogenicity, it suffers from operator dependency and lacks objectivity. In addition to exposure to ionizing radiation, computed tomography (CT) scan requires use of iodinated contrast material, which is undesirable in patients with renal dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the unique ability to show both structure and function objectively without any radiation exposure to the patient. Functional MRI techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) imaging have potential utility in the evaluation of renal function .


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Role of Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Evaluation of Chronic Kidney Disease
Estimated Study Start Date : July 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 1, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stage1:eGFR; ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2 .
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. . ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values with CKD stage will be evaluated.
Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient.

Experimental: Stage 2: eGFR; 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2 .
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values with CKD stage will be evaluated.
Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient.

Experimental: Stage 3:eGFR; 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m2
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values with CKD stage will be evaluated.
Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient.

Experimental: Stage 4:eGFR; 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2 .
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaginggradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values with CKD stage will be evaluated.
Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient.

Experimental: Stage 5:eGFR; < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2.
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values with CKD stage will be evaluated.
Radiation: Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
All MRI examinations will be performed with a 1.5-T scanner (Acheiva, Philips, and Netherland). All MRI scans will be obtained with the following parameters: Repetition time (TR); 1580 MS, echo time (TE); 60 MS, slice thickness; 1-5 mm, receiver bandwidth; 1158 kHz/pixel, field of view (FOV); 40 cm, matrix size; 164 × 159. ADC value of the kidneys will be calculated with Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging gradient b-values of 0 and 1000s/mm2. In the axial ADC map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)of the kidneys for 31 patient with chronic kidney disease by diffusion gradient 0_1000s/mm2 [ Time Frame: up to 24hour ]
    In the axial apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC )map, a region of interest (ROI) will be placed for measurement of ADC values on the renal parenchyma of both kidneys, without any preference for cortex or medulla. Three circular ROIs of size 1 cm2 will be placed-one each at the upper pole, inter-polar region, and lower pole of both kidneys—and 6 total ROIs from bilateral kidneys will be averaged for each patient. The mean ADC values will be recorded for each patient and the relationship of ADC values of different stages of CKD and its relationship with serum markers of renal function will be evaluated.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in different age and sex groups with CKD detected by clinical and laboratory examination.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any general contraindication to MRI as presence of any paramagnetic substance as pacemakers or in severely ill patients or those with claustrophobia and arrhythmic patients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03174899


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Ahmed Moustafa Hamed, MD 01000024182 moustafamanar@gmail.com
Contact: Nisreen adel abbas mohammed, MD 01229199971 Nisreen10@ymail.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Assiut University

Publications:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: DMAhmed, Principal investigator, Assiut University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174899     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DMR
First Posted: June 5, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 10, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency