A 24-month Phase 1 Pilot Study of AADvac1 in Patients With Non Fluent Primary Progressive Aphasia (AIDA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03174886|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2019 by Axon Neuroscience SE.
Recruitment status was: Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2019
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This study is a pilot trial evaluating the safety and immunogenicity of AADvac1 in patients with the non-fluent variant of Primary Progressive Aphasia.
50% of participants will receive the 40 µg dosage of AADvac1 and 50% of participants will receive the 160 µg dosage of AADvac1. No placebo is used.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia||Drug: AADvac1 40 µg Drug: AADvac1 160 µg||Phase 1|
The non-fluent variant of Primary progressive Aphasia (nfvPPA) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the brain. Over the course of the disease, pathological proteins accumulate in the brain, damaging neurons, thus causing them to lose their connections and die.
No treatments are currently available; symptomatic medications are used off-label in nfvPPA.
AADvac1 is designed to raise antibodies against pathological tau protein (the primary constituent of neurofibrillary pathology, which is the underlying cause of disease in ~80% of nfvPPA cases). These antibodies are expected to prevent tau protein from aggregating, to facilitate the removal of tau protein aggregates and prevent the spreading of pathology, slowing or halting the progress of the disease.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||33 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Patients will be allocated to one of two dosage strengths of AADvac1. No placebo is used. No active comparator is used.|
|Masking Description:||Patients are unaware of the dosage strength they are receiving. The AADvac1 vials are numbered, and the coding unknown to the patient. The investigator handles the vaccine vials and administers the IMP.|
|Official Title:||A 24-month Randomised Parallel Group Single-blinded Multi-centre Phase 1 Pilot Study of AADvac1 in Patients With Non Fluent Primary Progressive Aphasia|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 31, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 2020|
Experimental: AADvac1 40 µg
The intervention consists of Axon Peptide 108 coupled to keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH) 40 µg/0.30 mL suspension for injection; and aluminium hydroxide Al(OH)3 (containing approx. 0.5 mg Al3+/0.30 mL), administered subcutaneously. The basic immunisation regimen consists of 6 doses administered subcutaneously in 6-week intervals. Subsequently, 5 booster doses are applied in 13-week intervals, for a total of 11 administrations.
Drug: AADvac1 40 µg
Active immunotherapy against neurofibrillary pathology.
Experimental: AADvac1 160 µg
The intervention consists of Axon Peptide 108 coupled to KLH 160 µg/0.30 mL suspension for injection; and aluminium hydroxide Al(OH)3 (containing approx. 0.5 mg Al3+/0.30 mL), administered subcutaneously. The basic immunisation regimen consists of 6 doses administered subcutaneously in 6-week intervals. Subsequently, 5 booster doses are applied in 13-week intervals, for a total of 11 administrations.
Drug: AADvac1 160 µg
Active immunotherapy against neurofibrillary pathology.
- Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: 25 months ]The safety assessment is based on the number, type and severity of adverse events (AEs).
- Immunogenicity (Percentage of patients who develop an IgG immune response, geometric mean titre of titre of antibodies against Axon Peptide 108, IgG to IgM ratio of antibodies against Axon Peptide 108) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]AADvac1 depends on raising antibodies that mediate its treatment effects. Immunogenicity assessment includes: Percentage of AADvac1-treated patients who develop an immune response (responder rate), geometric mean titre of antibodies against Axon Peptide 108, IgG to IgM ratio of antibodies against Axon Peptide 108.
- Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in total CSF neurogranin, phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain protein, ubiquitin, β-synuclein, tau protein, phospho-tau pT181, N-terminal tau protein, amyloid β1-40, amyloid-β1-42, ubiquitin, α-, β- and γ-synuclein, Chitinase-3-like protein (YKL-40), Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and other CSF markers
- Serum neurofilament light chain protein (and other blood biomarkers of nfvPPA) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in neurofilament light chain protein and other blood biomarkers (exploratory measure; biomarker panel to be finalised based on the state of the art at the time of analysis)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetry [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in whole brain volume and set of regions of interest, as measured by MRI
- Frontotemporal lobar degeneration - Clinical Dementia Rating - Sum of Boxes (FTLD-CDR-SB) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in FTLD-CDR SB score
- Clinician's Global Impression - Improvement (CGI-I) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in CGI-I score
- Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in Amsterdam IADL
- Custom Cognitive Battery [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in the custom Cognitive Battery score
- Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination score
- Unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) part III [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in UPDRS part III score
- Frontal Systems Behavior Scale (FrSBe) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in FrSBe score
- Immune cell (granulocyte, monocyte, and lymphocyte populations) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Temporal change in immunological variables (monocytes, lymphocytes, basophil and neutrophil granulocytes; a range of lymphocyte sub-populations - CD3+, CD3+/CD4+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+/CD45RA+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+/CD45RO+, CD3+/CD8+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+/CD45RA+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+/CD45RO+) over 24 months
- Correlation of a range of potential immunological predictors with IgG antibody titres against Axon Peptide 108 [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Correlation of measures of immune response with immunological variables (monocytes, lymphocytes, basophil and neutrophil granulocytes; a range of lymphocyte sub-populations - CD3+, CD3+/CD4+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+/CD45RA+, CD3+/CD4+/CD28+/CD45RO+, CD3+/CD8+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+/CD45RA+, CD3+/CD8+/CD28+/CD45RO+) will individually be assessed for correlation with IgG antibody titres. The possibility of multiple independent predictors of the antibody response will be examined using regression trees analysis)
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 85 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patient has a clinical diagnosis of non-fluent/agrammatic variant PPA according to the criteria by Gorno-Tempini et al. (2011) with evidence of left frontal brain hypometabolism. Patients with right-sided hypometabolism are eligible for the study only if they are left-handed.
- Patient has a FTLD-CDR language domain score of ≤ 2, and other individual FTLD-CDR domain scores ≤ 1.
- Patient's age is 18 - 85 years inclusive at the time of having provided informed consent.
- Patient has adequate visual and auditory abilities and premorbid local language skills to allow neuropsychological testing.
- Sexually active female patients must be using highly effective contraception methods, or be surgically sterile, or be at least 2 years post-menopausal.
- Sexually active male patients must be using highly effective contraception methods, or be surgically sterile.
- Patient and caregiver have signed and dated written informed consent.
- Availability of a partner/caregiver knowing the patient and being able to accompany the patient to the visits.
- Patient is legally competent.
- The patient's brain MRI is incompatible with a diagnosis of nfvPPA.
- Patient has a history or evidence of a central nervous system (CNS) disorder other than nfvPPA which may cause symptoms of aphasia or dementia (Alzheimer's disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, inflammatory/demyelinating CNS conditions, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Huntington's disease, etc.)
- Patient has a history or currently suffers from a significant psychiatric illness such as schizophrenia, any type of psychotic disorder or bipolar affective disorder.
- Patient has a history or evidence of cerebrovascular disease (ischemic or haemorrhagic stroke), or diagnosis of possible, probable or definite vascular dementia.
- Patient has Wernicke's encephalopathy.
- Patient has metabolic or toxic encephalopathy or dementia due to a general medical condition.
- Patient suffers from hypothyroidism, defined as thyroid-stimulating hormone elevation > 5.000 mcIU/mL, and/or fT4 levels < 0.7 ng/dL. Patients with corrected hypothyroidism are eligible for the study provided that treatment has been stable for 12 weeks before study entry.
- Patient has a known pathogenic mutation in GRN or C9orf72.
- Presence or history of allergy to components of the vaccine.
- Presence and/or history of immunodeficiency (e.g., HIV).
- Patient is currently being treated with immunosuppressive drugs.
- Patient has a history and/or currently suffers from a clinically significant autoimmune disease, or is expected to receive immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory treatment at the present or in the future.
- Patient has a recent (≤ 5 years since last specific treatment) history of cancer (Exceptions: basal cell carcinoma, intraepithelial cervical neoplasia).
- Patient has an active infectious disease (e.g., Hepatitis B, C).
- Patient had a myocardial infarction within the last 2 years.
Patient has a current clinically important systemic illness that is likely to result in deterioration of the patient's condition or affect the subject's safety during the study:
- poorly controlled congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] score ≥ 3),
- poorly controlled diabetes,
- severe renal insufficiency (Estimated glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min),
- chronic liver disease - ALT (alanine aminotransferase) > 2x upper limit of normal range (ULN), AST (aspartate aminotransferase) > 2x ULN
- other clinically significant systemic illness, if considered relevant by the investigator.
- Patient had alcohol or drug dependence within the past year.
- Patient has a current diagnosis of epilepsy.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
- Patient has participated in another interventional clinical trial within 12 weeks before Visit 01.
- Patient has contraindication for MRI imaging such as metallic endoprosthesis or MRI-incompatible stent implantation.
- Patient has contraindications for other study procedures, such as CSF sampling.
- Patient had surgery (under general anaesthesia) within 12 weeks prior to Visit 01 and/or scheduled surgery (under general anaesthesia) during the whole study period.
- Patient is currently being treated or was treated in the past with any active vaccines for a neurodegenerative disorder.
- Patients not expected to complete the clinical trial.
- Patient, in the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the clinical study protocol, or is unsuitable for other reasons.
- Patient is dependent from Sponsor or investigator (e.g. as an employee or as a relative).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03174886
|Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie|
|Göttingen, Germany, 37075|
|Klinikum Rechts der Isar der TU München, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie|
|München, Germany, 81675|
|Ulm, Germany, 89081|
|Principal Investigator:||Markus Otto, Prof||Universitat Ulm|
|Responsible Party:||Axon Neuroscience SE|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
2017-000643-41 ( EudraCT Number )
|First Posted:||June 5, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||November 14, 2019|
|Last Verified:||November 2019|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Undecided|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
primary progressive aphasia
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Pick Disease of the Brain
Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia
Nervous System Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration