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Study to Assess Safety, Efficacy, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of Crovalimab in Healthy Volunteers and Participants With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03157635
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 7, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase I/II, first-in-human study consisting of four sequential parts and an open-label extension (OLE). The safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single doses of crovalimab will be evaluated in healthy volunteers (HV) during part 1. The safety, tolerability, PK and PD of multiple doses of crovalimab will be evaluated in participants with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) in parts 2, 3, 4, and OLE of the study. Efficacy of crovalimab will be evaluated in Parts 2, 3, and 4.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Paroxysmal Hemoglobinuria, Nocturnal Drug: Crovalimab Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Adaptive Phase I/II Study to Assess Safety, Efficacy, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Crovalimab in Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
Actual Study Start Date : November 14, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 25, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 25, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 (Healthy Volunteers): Crovalimab
Healthy participants will receive a single dose of crovalimab in each dose-escalation cohort of Part 1. Crovalimab will be administered at a starting dose of 75 milligrams (mg). Doses are planned to be escalated up to Cohort 5.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Placebo Comparator: Part 1 (Healthy Volunteers): Placebo
Healthy participants will receive a single dose of crovalimab matching placebo in each dose-escalation cohort of Part 1.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo will be administered as per schedule described in Part 1 placebo arm.

Experimental: Part 2 (PNH Participants): Crovalimab
PNH participants will receive 3 single ascending doses (375 mg IV, 500 mg IV, 1000 mg of crovalimab) on Days 1, 8, and 22 followed by weekly crovalimab administrations up to a maximum of 5 months. Weekly crovalimab administrations will start no earlier than Day 36. The starting dose of Part 2 is based on data from Part 1 of the study.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: Part 3 (PNH Participants): Crovalimab QW
Participants will receive crovalimab at a dose of 1000 mg on Day 1 and 170 mg QW on Day 8 for a maximum treatment duration of 5 months.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: Part 3 (PNH Participants): Crovalimab Q2W
Participants will receive crovalimab at a dose of 1000 mg on Day 1 and 340 mg Q2W for a maximum treatment duration of 5 months.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: Part 3 (PNH Participants): Crovalimab Q4W
Participants will receive crovalimab at a dose of 1000 mg on Day 1 and 680 mg Q4W starting on Day 8 for a maximum treatment duration of 5 months.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: Part 4 (eculizumab pretreated PNH Participants): Crovalimab

PNH Participants pretreated with eculizumab will receive crovalimab:

Participants >/= 100 kg: loading dose of 1500 mg IV on day 1; Participants < 100 kg: loading dose of 1000 mg IV on day 1. In all Participants, the remainder of the loading series schedule will be 340 mg SC on Days 2, 8, 15, and 22. For Participants >/= 100 kg, maintenance dosing will be 1020 mg SC on week 5 and then Q4W thereafter. Patients < 100 kg will receive a maintenance dose of 680 mg SC on the same schedule.

Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: Part 4 (treatment naïve PNH Participants): Crovalimab

Treatment naïve PNH Participants will receive:

Participants >/= 100 kg: loading dose of 1500 mg IV on day 1; Participants < 100 kg: loading dose of 1000 mg IV on day 1. In all Participants, the remainder of the loading series schedule will be 340 mg SC on Days 2, 8, 15, and 22. For Participants >/= 100 kg, maintenance dosing will be 1020 mg SC on week 5 and then Q4W thereafter. Patients < 100 kg will receive a maintenance dose of 680 mg SC on the same schedule.

Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.

Experimental: OLE (PNH Participants): Crovalimab
PNH Participants who participated in Parts 2, 3 and 4 and who derive clinical benefit from crovalimab may enroll into OLE. Participants will either receive 680 mg SC Q4W (body weight >/= 40 kg to < 100 kg) or 1020 mg SC Q4W (body weight >/= 100 kg) for up to a maximum treatment duration of five years from entry into OLE.
Drug: Crovalimab
Crovalimab will be administered as per schedule described in individual arm.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Dose-Limiting Events (DLEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 3 months ]
  2. Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 3 months ]
  3. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 8 months ]
  4. Part 3: Percentage of Participants With AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 8 months ]
  5. Part 4: Percentage of Participants With AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 8 months ]
  6. Part 2: Terminal Complement Activity in Serum as Assessed by Ex Vivo Liposome Immunoassay (LIA) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  7. Part 3: Terminal Complement Activity as Assessed by Ex Vivo Liposome Lysis in Serum Using the LIA [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  8. Part 4: Terminal Complement Activity in Serum as Assessed by Ex Vivo Liposome Immunoassay (LIA) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  9. OLE: Percentage of Participants With AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: OLE: Week 21 up to Week 129 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Terminal Complement Activity as Assessed by Ex Vivo Liposome Immunoassay (LIA) [ Time Frame: Part 1: Baseline up to Day 91 (assessed at predose [Hr 0], end of infusion [EOI] [1 Hr], Hr 2, 6, 12 on Day 1; Days 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 56, 84, 91) ]
  2. Part 2: Serum Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Levels [ Time Frame: Predose (Hr0), Hr 10-12 on Days 1, 8; Days 2, 5, 9, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 78, 92, 106, 120, 134, 224 ]
  3. Part 3: Serum LDH Levels [ Time Frame: Part 3: Predose (Hr 0), Hr 10-12 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 127, 134; Day 224 ]
  4. Part 4: Serum LDH Levels [ Time Frame: Part 4: Predose (Hr 0), Hr 10-12 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 127, 134; Day 224 ]
  5. Part 1: Total Complement Component 5 (C5) Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 1: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 Hr), Hr 2, 6, 12 on Day 1; Days 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 56, 84, 91 ]
  6. Part 2: Total C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 2: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 Hr), Hr 2, 6, 10-12 on Day 1; Days 2, 5, 9, 15, 29, 224; predose [Hr 0], EOI [1 Hr], Hr 10-12 on Days 8, 22; predose [Hr 0] on Day 36, 43, 50, 64, 78, 92, 106, 120, 134 ]
  7. Part 3: Total C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 3: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 Hr), Hr 2, 6 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 134; Day 224 ]
  8. Part 4: Total C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 4: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 Hr), Hr 2, 6 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 134; Day 224 ]
  9. Part 1: Free C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 1: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 hr), Hr2, 6, 12 on Day 1; Days 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 56, 84, 91 ]
  10. Part 2: Free C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 2: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 Hr), Hr 2, 6,10-12 on Day 1; Days 2, 5, 9, 15, 29, 224; predose [Hr 0], EOI [1 Hr], Hr 10-12 on Days 8, 22; predose [Hr 0] on Day 36, 43, 50, 64, 78, 92, 106, 120, 134 ]
  11. Part 3: Free C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 3: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 hr), Hr 2, 6 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 134; Day 224 ]
  12. Part 4: Free C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: Part 4: Predose (Hr 0), EOI (1 hr), Hr 2, 6 on Day 1; predose (Hr 0), on Days 2, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 57, 71, 85, 99, 113, 134; Day 224 ]
  13. Part 2: Change From Baseline in Fatigue as Measured by Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Scale Score at Day 8, 22, 36, 50 and 64 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 8, 22, 36, 50, 64 ]
  14. Part 3: Change From Baseline in Fatigue as Measured by FACIT-Fatigue Scale Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 ]
  15. Part 4: Change From Baseline in Fatigue as Measured by FACIT-Fatigue Scale Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 2, 8, 22, 57, 85, 113, 134 ]
  16. Part 2: Change From Baseline in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as Measured by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) Score at Day 8, 22, 36, 50, and 64 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 8, 22, 36, 50, 64 ]
  17. Part 3: Change From Baseline in HRQoL as Measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 ]
  18. Part 4: Change From Baseline in HRQoL as Measured by EORTC QLQC30 Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1, 85, 134 ]
  19. Part 2: Participant Treatment Satisfaction as Measured by Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) Score at Day 8, 22, 36, 50 and 64 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 8, 22, 36, 50, 64 ]
  20. Part 3: Participant Treatment Satisfaction as Measured by TSQM Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 ]
  21. Part 4: Participant Treatment Satisfaction as Measured by TSQM Score at Day 2, 8, 15, 29, 57 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 1, 8, 57 ]
  22. Part 2: Number of Packed Red Blood Cell (RBC) Units Transfused per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  23. Part 3: Number of Packed RBCs Units Transfused per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  24. Part 4: Number of Packed RBCs Units Transfused per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  25. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Packed RBC Units Transfused [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  26. Part 3: Percentage of Participants With Packed RBC Units Transfused [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  27. Part 4: Percentage of Participants With Packed RBC Units Transfused [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  28. Part 1: Percentage of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADAs) to Crovalimab [ Time Frame: Part 1: Day 1 up to Day 91 (assessed at predose [Hour 0] on Day 1; on Days 14, 28, 56, 84, and 91) ]
  29. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With ADAs to Crovalimab [ Time Frame: Part 2: Day 1 up to Day 224 (assessed at predose [Hour 0] on Days 1, 8; on Days 29, 50, 106, 134, and 224) ]
  30. Part 3: Percentage of Participants With ADAs to Crovalimab [ Time Frame: Part 3: Day 1 up to Day 224 (assessed at predose [Hour 0] on Days 1, 8, 29, 57, 99, 134; on Day 224) ]
  31. Part 4: Percentage of Participants With ADAs to Crovalimab [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Day 224 (assessed at predose [Hour 0] on Days 1, 8, 29, 113, 134; on Day 224) ]
  32. OLE: Total C5 Concentration [ Time Frame: OLE: Predose (Hr 0) on Weeks 36, 52, 68, 84, 100; Week 116 ]
  33. OLE: Serum LDH Levels [ Time Frame: OLE: Predose (Hr 0) on Weeks 28, 36, 44, 52, 60, 68, 76, 84, 92, 100, 108; Week 116 ]
  34. OLE: Terminal Complement Activity in Serum as Assessed by Ex Vivo Liposome Immunoassay (LIA) [ Time Frame: OLE: Weeks 36, 52, 68, 84, 100, 116 ]
  35. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With LDH Below Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  36. Part 3: Percentage of Participants With LDH Below ULN [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  37. Part 4: Percentage of Participants With LDH Below ULN [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 224 ]
  38. Part 2: Percentage of Participants With Complement Suppression [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 134 ]
  39. Part 3: Percentage of Participants With Complement Suppression [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 134 ]
  40. Part 4: Percentage of Participants With Complement Suppression [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 134 ]
  41. Part 2: Monthly Rate of pRBC Transfusions per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  42. Part 3: Monthly Rate of pRBC Transfusions per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  43. Part 4: Monthly Rate of pRBC Transfusions per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  44. Part 2: Proportion of Transfusion-Free Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  45. Part 3: Proportion of Transfusion-Free Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  46. Part 4: Proportion of Transfusion-Free Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  47. Part 2: Annual Rate of Transfusion Avoidance per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  48. Part 3: Annual Rate of Transfusion Avoidance per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  49. Part 4: Annual Rate of Transfusion Avoidance per Participant [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  50. Part 2: Annual Rate of Breakthrough Hemolysis (BTH) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  51. Part 3: Annual Rate of Breakthrough Hemolysis (BTH) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
  52. Part 4: Annual Rate of Breakthrough Hemolysis (BTH) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Part 1 (HVs only):

  • Healthy male volunteers, aged between 21 and 55 years inclusive
  • Participants with a negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb), hepatitis C antibody, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test result
  • Participants who have been vaccinated against hepatitis B
  • No evidence of Neisseria meningococci in nasopharyngeal swab
  • Neisseria meningitidis vaccination against serogroups B and A, C, W, and Y
  • Non-smokers, or former smokers, who have not smoked for at least 60 days prior to screening

Parts 2, 3 and 4 (PNH participants only):

  • Male or female participants with PNH between 18 and 75 years of age
  • Neisseria meningitidis vaccination in accordance with most current local guidelines or standard of care (SOC) for participants at increased risk for meningococcal disease (Part 2 and 4)
  • Participant has been vaccinated with Neisseria meningitidis vaccine(s) in accordance with most current local guidelines or SOC for participants at increased risk for meningococcal disease or is being revaccinated if applicable (Part 3 and 4)
  • Antibiotic prophylaxis for meningococcal infection must be initiated prior to initiation of crovalimab therapy if the time period between initial Neisseria meningitidis vaccination and first dose of crovalimab is less than 2 weeks (Part 2 and 4)
  • Antibiotic prophylaxis of meningococcal infection may be initiated prior to initiation of crovalimab therapy based on local guidelines or SOC for participants at increased risk for meningococcal disease e.g., splenectomized patients (Parts 2 and 4)
  • Stable dose for greater than or equal to (>/=) 28 days prior to screening of other therapies (immunosuppressant therapy, corticosteroids, iron supplements)

Part 2 and 4 (currently untreated PNH participants who are candidates for treatment with complement inhibitors only):

  • PNH participants who have not been treated with any complement inhibitor or if previously treated stopped treatment due to lack of efficacy based on a single missense C5 heterozygous mutation
  • Serum LDH levels at least 1.5-fold above the ULN at screening
  • Hepatitis B participants can be enrolled if their liver function test values are less than 2 x ULN and there is no liver function impairment

Part 3 and 4 (PNH participants currently treated with eculizumab only):

  • PNH participants who have been treated continuously with eculizumab for at least 3 months preceding enrollment in the trial
  • Participants receive regular infusions of eculizumab
  • Subjects with a negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb), hepatitis C antibody, and HIV test result

OLE only - PNH participants:

  • PNH participants who have completed Parts 2, 3 and 4 respectively
  • PNH participants who derived, in the investigator's opinion, benefit from treatment with crovalimab

All Parts:

  • Female participants should use proper means of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

Part 1 (HVs only):

  • Any clinically relevant history or the presence of moderate to severe respiratory, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, hematological, lymphatic, neurological, cardiovascular, psychiatric, musculoskeletal, or connective tissue disease
  • Any major illness within 1 month before the screening
  • Prior splenectomy
  • History of clinically significant hypersensitivity (example: drugs, excipients) or allergic reactions
  • History or presence of clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities or cardiovascular disease
  • Any contra-indication for receiving Neisseria meningitides vaccination and antibiotic prophylaxis therapy as required in the study
  • Congenital or acquired complement deficiency
  • Carriers of Neisseria meningitides based on cultures from nasopharyngeal swabs
  • Known active viral, bacterial or fungal infection including herpes, herpes zoster or cold sores, during the last 14 days prior to first study drug administration
  • Signs of parasitic infection (example: eosinophilia, diarrhea)
  • History of significant recurrent infections in the opinion of the investigator

Parts 2, 3 and 4 - PNH participants only:

  • Evidence of moderate to severe concurrent renal, liver, cardiac, pulmonary or gastrointestinal disease not related to PNH as determined by the investigator
  • History of an illness that, in the opinion of the study investigator, might confound the results of the study or that poses an additional risk to the participant by his or her participation in the study
  • History of bone marrow transplantation
  • Treatment with azathioprine or erythrocyte-stimulating agents within 14 days prior to first study drug administration
  • Splenectomy <1 year before start of crovalimab.

Part 3 and 4 - PNH patients only:

  • Any evidence of sero-positive auto-immune connective tissue diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, or rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Any evidence of active inflammatory conditions (including inflammatory bowel disease, or cryoglobulinemia)

All Parts:

  • Under active therapy with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)
  • Mentally incapacitated or history of a clinically significant psychiatric disorder over the previous 5 years
  • Known or suspected hereditary complement deficiency
  • History of meningococcal meningitis
  • History of allergic or anaphylactic reactions to human, humanized, or murine monoclonal antibodies or known hypersensitivity to any constituent of the product
  • Any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with intravenous (IV) antibiotics within 28 days prior to screening or oral antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to screening and up to first study drug administration
  • History of or currently active primary or secondary immunodeficiency, including known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Evidence of chronic active hepatitis C infection
  • Evidence of malignant disease including myelodysplastic syndrome, or malignancies diagnosed within the previous 5 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03157635


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03157635    
Other Study ID Numbers: BP39144
2016-002128-10 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 7, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemoglobinuria
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal
Proteinuria
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases