Function Focused Care: Fracture Care at Home
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03147222|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fractures, Bone Dementia||Behavioral: Fracture Care at Home||Not Applicable|
Prior research by the Baltimore Hip Studies (BHS) has shown that it is possible to improve function, increase physical activity, and improve behavioral symptoms among long term care residents with ADRD and to effectively coach and mentor caregivers through a care practice, Function Focused Care for the Cognitively Impaired (FFC-CI), that focuses on having caregivers teach, cue, model, and assist cognitively impaired individuals to perform functional tasks and engage in physical activity, while minimizing behavioral symptoms. This study will determine if a revised intervention, Function Focused Care for the Cognitively Impaired: Hip Care at Home (aka, Hip Care at Home), can be implemented in a home setting.
The Hip Care at Home intervention will include an initial evaluation of the hip fracture participant, caregiver, and home setting by an interdisciplinary care team including a physical therapist (PT), occupational therapist (OT), and a coach (nurse or nurse's aide) trained in the function focused care (FFC) approach. The FFC coach will then work with the primary informal (family or friend, unpaid) caregiver to integrate the recommended environmental, behavioral, and physical interventions into the home setting, with weekly visits.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||All participants will receive the intervention.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Hip Fracture Caregiver Intervention - Function Focused Care: Fracture Care at Home|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 26, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 12, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 12, 2019|
Experimental: Fracture Care at Home
A trained FFC coach will visit each caregiver and fracture participant in the home for a 1-2 hour session once a week for 8 weeks.
Behavioral: Fracture Care at Home
This is a graduated, functionally-based intervention, paired with caregiver interactions for enhancing functional abilities. Caregivers are encouraged to have the fracture participant actively participate in their own activities of daily living and incorporate functional activities into daily routines. An intervention coach will discuss care related challenges with the caregiver to identify dependency problems, motivate the caregiver to help foster independence in the care recipient, and provide guidance in addressing behavioral symptoms associated with cognitive limitation that may occur during caregiving. The coach is guided by interventions designed by PTs, OTs, and a nurse practitioner expert in FFC. The intervention includes 1) initial assessment of participant, caregiver, and environment, 2) coaching and mentoring of caregivers regarding use of effective motivational strategies, 3) goal setting, and 4) on-going motivation and evaluation.
Other Name: Function Focused Care (FFC) for the Cognitively Impaired
- Feasibility of the Intervention [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Data regarding feasibility will include numbers of participants contacted, enrolled, drop-outs/withdrawals, and completing intervention, adverse events, and total time to implement intervention.
- Treatment Fidelity [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Treatment fidelity of the intervention will include recording of adherence and logs of intervention tasks and problems by the interdisciplinary care team and FFC coach regarding barriers to implementation of the intervention and open-ended interviews with caregivers about their experiences with the intervention.
- Physical Activities of Daily Living (PADLs) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Physical activities of daily living (PADLs) assess the fracture participant's receipt of assistance in 15 PADLs with an instrument whose structure is similar to Jette's Functional Status Index and incorporates activities from the Older Americans Resources and Services (OARS) Instrument PADL scale and those used by Cummings et al.
- Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are measured by 7 items from the OARS.
- Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) will be used to assess timed physical performance of balance, gait, strength, and endurance. Walking speed over 3 meters and a single timed chair rise without using arms will also be assessed.
- MotionWatch to Monitor Physical Movement - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]A MotionWatch manufactured by CamNtech Ltd., a compact, lightweight, body-worn activity monitoring device, will be placed on the wrist of the fracture participant at each measurement interview (baseline and follow-up) and removed 5 days later by study personnel. The MotionWatch is intended to monitor limb or body movements during daily living and sleep and may be used to document physical movement associated with applications in physiological monitoring.
- Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Global cognition will be assessed using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS), which also be used to describe severity of ADRD. This measure will be used to describe the extent of the cognitive impairment in people with ADRD in the sample and selecting a comparison group from existing data.
- Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Behavioral and affective outcomes will examine the impact on caregiver rated behavioral symptoms of ADRD using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), which includes items on 10 behavioral disturbances: delusions, hallucinations, dysphoria, anxiety, agitation/aggression, euphoria, disinhibition, irritability/lability, apathy, and aberrant motor activity. These are all rated by the caregiver.
- Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) - fracture participant outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]The Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) was specifically developed to assess signs and symptoms of major depression in patients with dementia. Caregivers will be interviewed on each of the 19 items on the scale and instructed to base her/his report on observations of the fracture participant's behavior during the week prior to the interview.
- Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Falls and other adverse events, including hospitalization, nursing home placement, and death will be recorded throughout the study.
- Improvement in Knowledge of FFC - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 2 weeks and 8 weeks after the start of the intervention ]Knowledge of FFC will be assessed using the Knowledge of Function and Behavior Focused Care Activities Test after the information is presented and again at end of study.
- Self-Efficacy for Functional and Physical Activities - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Self-Efficacy for Functional and Physical Activities is a 10-question survey to the caregiver about their confidence in their ability to encourage the hip fracture participant to undertake difference activities of daily living independently. Responses are either 'Yes' or 'No'.
- Outcomes Expectations for Function and Physical Activity - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Outcomes Expectations for Function and Physical Activity is a 9-item survey given to caregivers about the extent to which they agree that with statements about caregiving and care recipient independence.
- Improvement in Performance of FFC - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after the start of the intervention ]Performance of FFC care will be assessed using the Function Focused Care Behavior Checklist. Observations will be done by the FFC coach in the home setting as part of the regular weekly intervention visits at 3 weeks and 6 weeks after the start of intervention. Immediate feedback will be provided to the caregiver following the observed care interactions (e.g., positive reinforcement for function focused care will be provided or information about missed opportunities for function focused care to be provided) and the FFC coach will work toward immediate increased integration of the recommended interventions during routine care.
- Zarit Burden Interview - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Caregiver burden will be assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview, a 22-item scale answered by caregivers, response options ranging from 0 (Never) to 4 (Nearly Always). Factors capture personal strain and role strain.
- Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) - caregiver outcome [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]Caregiver depressive symptoms will be measured using the 20-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Possible scores range from 0-60.
- Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]The Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) will be used to assess fear of falling in fracture participants and fear of falling in caregivers for themselves and their care recipients.
- Assessment of Environment for Impact on Physical Activity [ Time Frame: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after the start of the intervention ]Assessment of Environment for Impact on Physical Activity is a visual checklist indicating whether the described environmental component is present or absent. This measure will be included at baseline to tailor the intervention, but will be repeated at follow-up as a potential intermediate outcome. Environment assessments will be done by the FFC coach and recommendations for change discussed with caregiver and initiated as approved. Additionally, changing the environment to optimize function and physical activity (e.g., providing access to open areas for walking, pleasant destinations, and rest areas along pathways) will also facilitate the integration of the Hip Care at Home intervention.
- Goal Attainment [ Time Frame: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after the start of the intervention ]Knowledge from the environment, caregiver beliefs/culture of the home environment, and the Physical Capability Assessment will be used to set goals. Up to four fracture participant goals are listed on the Goal Attainment Scale and then scored on their progress where scores can range from -8 to 8 with score of 0 indicating expected progress and positive score indicates greater than expected progress. This measure will be included at baseline to tailor the intervention, but will be repeated at follow-up as a potential intermediate outcome.
- Care Goal Identification [ Time Frame: 3 weeks and 6 weeks after the start of the intervention ]The Care Goal Identification Form is a 3 part form used to identify problems, goals to address those problems, and ways to incorporate technology into the solutions. This measure will be included at baseline to tailor the intervention, but will be repeated at follow-up as a potential intermediate outcome.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03147222
|United States, Maryland|
|University of Maryland|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201|
|Principal Investigator:||Ann Gruber-Baldini, PhD||University of Maryland, Baltimore|