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Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab in Treating Participants With Stage II-IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03144778
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 9, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies how well durvalumab with or without tremelimumab works in treating participants with stage II-IVA oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage II Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Biological: Durvalumab Biological: Tremelimumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the differences between CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes evaluated by immunohistochemistry staining in the post-treatment surgical specimens as compared to baseline in patients treated with durvalumab single agent compared with patients receiving durvalumab plus tremelimumab.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Safety and toxicity of durvalumab single agent or combined with tremelimumab administered every 4 weeks for 2 doses in the preoperative setting according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03.

II. Objective Response rate at 8 weeks, as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.

III. Percentage of patients undergoing the initially proposed surgery at 4 weeks.

IV. Percentage of patients undergoing the initially proposed surgery at 8 weeks.

V. Percentage of viable tumor cells in the surgical specimen. VI. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) during treatment with checkpoint inhibitors.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess pre- and post- treatment tumor, blood and oral rinse based immune biomarkers.

II. Correlate tissue and blood-based biomarkers with human papillomavirus (HPV) status, outcomes and toxicity.

OUTLINE: Participants are randomized into 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT I: Participants receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1 and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity. Between days 52 and 72, participants undergo standard of care surgery.

COHORT II: Participants receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour and tremelimumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity. Between days 52 and 72, participants undergo standard of care surgery.

After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up at 28 and 42 days, 4 and 6 months, and then periodically for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Checkpoint Inhibitors Assessment in Oropharynx Carcinoma (CIAO)
Actual Study Start Date : July 12, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort I (durvalumab)
Participants receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity. Between days 52 and 72, participants undergo standard of care surgery.
Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Imfinzi
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Experimental: Cohort II (durvalumab, tremelimumab)
Participants receive durvalumab IV over 1 hour and tremelimumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unaccepted toxicity. Between days 52 and 72, participants undergo standard of care surgery.
Biological: Durvalumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Imfinzi
  • Immunoglobulin G1, Anti-(Human Protein B7-H1) (Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Heavy Chain), Disulfide with Human Monoclonal MEDI4736 Kappa-chain, Dimer
  • MEDI-4736
  • MEDI4736

Biological: Tremelimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CTLA4 Human Monoclonal Antibody CP-675,206
  • CP-675
  • CP-675,206
  • CP-675206
  • Ticilimumab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of CD8+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes [ Time Frame: Before and after treatment, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Change will be defined as the ratio of the CD8+ lymphocytes density in the post-treatment surgical specimens over the CD8+ density in the baseline biopsy before treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03.

  2. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: At 8 weeks ]
    Will be assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1.

  3. Mean MD Anderson Symptom Inventory Head and Neck Cancer (MDASI-HN) [ Time Frame: At 29 days ]
  4. Percentage of viable tumor cells in the surgical specimen [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent to participate in the study according to the investigational review board (IRB)
  • Suspected or histologically/cytologically confirmed oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), stage II, III, or IVA (according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 7th edition), or patients with loco-regional recurrence from an OPSCC primary, if time of recurrence is at least 6 months after completion of initial curative intent treatment (surgery or radiotherapy +/- chemotherapy or cetuximab). Patients with a suspected lesion may be enrolled and a baseline biopsy will be obtained as part of the study. If squamous cell histology is not confirmed, patients will be discontinued from the study
  • Patients must have surgically resectable disease in the opinion of the treating physician. For patients with a primary OPSCC, patients must be eligible for TORS (transoral robotic surgery)
  • Available tissue from prior biopsy (minimum of 10 unstained slides), or willing to undergo core biopsy to obtain tumor material. Biopsy will be mandatory for patients with recurrent disease
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (> 1500 per mm^3)
  • Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (> 100,000 per mm^3)
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). This will not apply to subjects with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine clearance (CL) > 40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Patients with reproductive potential (e.g., females menopausal for less than 1 year and not surgically sterilized) must practice two highly effective contraceptive measures for the duration of study drug therapy and for at least 90 days after completion of durvalumab monotherapy or for at least 180 days after completion of durvalumab/tremelimumab combination therapy. Female patients of childbearing potential must provide a negative pregnancy test (urine) prior to treatment initiation
  • Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histology other than squamous cell carcinoma
  • Primary site other than oropharynx
  • Prior systemic therapy (chemotherapy, biologic, or immunotherapy) for the same OPSCC. Prior chemotherapy, biologic therapy, and radiotherapy is allowed in patients with loco-regional recurrent disease, if administered at least 6 months prior to study enrolment
  • Previous treatment with Anti-CTLA-4 including tremelimumab or PD1/PD-L1 inhibitor, including durvalumab
  • History of another primary malignancy except for: (i) OPSCC with loco-regional recurrence after 6 months of curative-intent treatment and amenable to salvage surgery; (ii) malignancy treated with curative intent and with no evidence of active disease >= 2 years before the first dose of study drug and of low potential risk for recurrence; (iii) non-melanoma, skin cancer or lentigo maligna; in situ cervical, breast, prostate or bladder carcinoma
  • Any concurrent anticancer therapy
  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) >= 470 ms calculated from a baseline electrocardiogram using Fridericia's correction
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 28 days before the first dose of durvalumab or tremelimumab, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid, and single dose of dexamethasone of up to 20 mg (or equivalent corticosteroid) administered prior to diagnostic or baseline study biopsy of the oropharynx, as per institution standard of care
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune disease within the past 2 years NOTE: Subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded
  • Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis) or pneumonitis
  • History of primary immunodeficiency
  • History of allogeneic organ transplant
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, seizures, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  • Known history of active tuberculosis
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving durvalumab or tremelimumab
  • Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing two highly effective methods of birth control
  • Any medical or psychosocial condition that will interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to investigational product (IP) or any excipient
  • Any unresolved grade 2 or higher toxicity from previous anti-cancer therapy
  • Primary tumor not amenable to TORS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03144778


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Renata Ferrarotto M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03144778    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-0805
NCI-2018-01199 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2016-0805 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 9, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Durvalumab
Ipilimumab
Tremelimumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs