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Nivolumab in Recurrent or Metastatic Salivary Gland Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (NISCAHN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03132038
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 11, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:


Patients with recurrent and/or metastatic salivary glands carcinoma who have progressed during the 6 months period before entering the study and who are eligible for nivolumab monotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Salivary Gland Carcinoma Metastatic Cancer Recurrent Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:


The present study is a multicenter, open-label, non-controlled, phase II study in patients who are suffering from recurrent and/or metastatic Salivary Glands Carcinoma, who have progressed during the 6 months period before entering the study and who are eligible for nivolumab monotherapy.

All eligible patients will receive nivolumab treatment for a maximum of 12 cycles of treatment. 92 eligible patients will be dosed with nivolumab intravenously over 60 minutes (± 5 minutes) at 3 mg/kg every two weeks.

Each 28-day dosing period will constitute a cycle.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 98 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Multicenter, Non Randomized, Open Label Study of Nivolumab In Recurrent and/or Metastatic Salivary Gland Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Actual Study Start Date : March 24, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : October 20, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab
Nivolumab will be given every two weeks for a maximum of one year (12 cycles) at a dose of 3 mg/kg to be administered as a 60 minute IV infusion
Drug: Nivolumab
3 mg/kg, every two weeks, during a maximum of one year
Other Name: Opdivo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. non-progression rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The proportion of patients with a complete response (CR) or a partial response (PR) or a stable disease (SD) as per RECIST 1.1 after 6 months of treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: the time from the date of first Nivolumab administration until the date of event, assessed up to 84 months. ]
    the time from the date of first Nivolumab administration until the date of event defined as the first progression according to RECIST 1.1, or death (by any cause in the absence of progression)

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: the time from the date of first dose until the date of death due to any cause, assessed up to 84 months. ]
    the time from the date of first dose until the date of death due to any cause

  3. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: the time from the date of first dose until the date of the initial objectively documented tumor progression per RECIST v1.1 or the date of subsequent therapy, assessed up to 84 months ]
    ORR is defined as the number and percentage of patients with a Best Overall Response (BOR) of confirmed complete response (CR) or partial response (PR).

  4. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: the time from the date of first dose until the end of treatment, assessed up to 84 months. ]
    incidence of all adverse events, serious adverse events, deaths and laboratory abnormalities

  5. Quality of life questionnaire - Core 30 (QLQ-C30) [ Time Frame: the time from the date of first dose until the end of treatment, assessed up to 84 months. ]

    Developed by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC), this self-reported questionnaire assesses the health-related quality of life of cancer patients in clinical trials.

    The questionnaire includes five functional scales (physical, everyday activity, cognitive, emotional, and social), three symptom scales (fatigue, pain, nausea and vomiting), a health/quality of life overall scale, and a number of additional elements assessing common symptoms (including dyspnea, loss of appetite, insomnia, constipation, and diarrhea), as well as, the perceived financial impact of the disease.

    All of the scales and single-item measures range in score from 0 to 100. A high scale score represents a higher response level.

  6. Quality of Life Questionnaire - Head & Neck Cancer Module (QLQ-H&N35) [ Time Frame: The time from the date of first dose until the end of treatment, assessed up to 84 months. ]

    This EORTC head & neck cancer specific questionnaire is intended to supplement the QLQ-C30.

    The head & neck cancer module is a 35-item questionnaire designed for use among a wide range of patients with head & neck cancer, varying in disease stage and treatment modality. It includes 7 multi-item scales that assess pain (4 items), swallowing (4 items), senses (2 items), speech (3 items), social eating (4 items), social contact (5 items), and sexuality (2 items). There are also 11 single items. Using a 4-point Likert scale (1 = "not at all", 2 = "a little", 3 = "quite a bit", and 4 = "very much"), patients indicate the degree to which they have experienced symptoms. For all items and scales, high scores indicate more problems.

  7. Biomarkers (central PD-L1 assessment, PD-L2, tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TILs)) [ Time Frame: after 2 months of treatment and at the end of treatment, assessed up to 12 months. ]
    Correlations between expression of molecular targets and efficacy

  8. Growth Tumor rate [ Time Frame: At each disease evaluation from baseline to last imagery, assessed up to 84 months. ]
    The growth tumor rate will be assessed using RECIST 1.1 criteria before and under treatment for all eligible patients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult men and women ≥18 years
  • Histologically confirmed carcinoma of the salivary glands, recurrent or metastatic (adenoid cystic carcinoma or non-adenoid cystic carcinoma) not eligible to local treatment
  • Pre-treatment tumor tissue available for central review and biomarkers analysis.
  • At least one measurable lesion ≥10 mm (outside any previous irradiated field) according to RECIST v1.1 with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)-scan
  • Patients with confirmed disease progression at study entry. The "baseline" radiological evaluation (either MRI or CT scan) should demonstrate disease progression by RECIST 1.1 when compared to a prior disease assessment done within a 6 months period prior to screening
  • Previous anti-cancer therapies must be discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to administration of study drug. Concomitant, palliative (limited-field) radiation therapy is permitted during the study, if all of the following criteria are met: (1) repeated imaging demonstrates no new sites of bone metastases ; (2) The lesion being considered for palliative radiation is not a target lesion
  • Performance status Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) <2
  • Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained within 7 days prior to starting study drug: White Blood Cell (WBC) ≥2000/mm³, Neutrophils ≥1500/mm³, Platelets ≥100 000 /mm³, Hemoglobin >9.0 g/dL, Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥40 mL/min (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula), aspartate transaminase (AST) / alanine transaminase (ALT) / alkaline phosphatase (PAL) ≤3 x ULN or ≤5 x ULN when liver metastases, Total Bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin <3.0 mg/dL)
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of nivolumab
  • Women who are breastfeeding should discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of study drug and until 6 months after the last dose
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception)
  • Provision of signed and dated, written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures, sampling and analyses
  • Patients with social insurance coverage

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stable disease
  • Symptomatic / active brain metastases
  • Immunosuppressive doses of systemic corticosteroids (>10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) within 2 weeks prior to study drug administration. A 2 weeks wash-out minimum is required before starting study drug
  • Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses >10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Patients with any active or suspected autoimmune disease or an history of known autoimmune disease (Patients with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to an autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are however eligible for this trial)
  • Patients having received prior therapy with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody (or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)
  • History of organ transplantation requiring long-term immunosuppressive medications
  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Known history or active tuberculosis
  • Any other malignancy (except for appropriately treated superficial basal cell skin cancer and surgically cured in situ cancer) unless free of disease for at least three years
  • History of allergy to study drug components
  • Any toxicity (other than alopecia) attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy not resolved to grade 1 (NCI CTCAE version 4) at baseline level before administration of study drug.
  • Known or underlying medical condition (e.g., a condition associated with diarrhea or acute diverticulitis) that, in the investigator's opinion, would make the administration of study drug hazardous to the patient or obscure the interpretation of toxicity determination or adverse events
  • History of uncontrolled seizures, central nervous system disorders or psychiatric disability judged by the investigator to be clinically significant, precluding informed consent, or interfering with compliance of oral drug intake (if applicable)
  • Unwillingness to give written informed consent, unwillingness to participate, or inability to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study
  • Individuals deprived of liberty or placed under the authority of a tutor
  • Treatment with any other investigational agent, or participation in another clinical trial within 28 days prior to enrolment and during the treatment period

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03132038

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CHU Bordeaux
Bordeaux, France, 33075
Centre Georges François Leclerc
Dijon, France, 21079
Centre Léon Bérard
Lyon, France, 69437
ICM Val d'Aurelle
Montpellier, France, 34298
Centre Antoine Lacassagne
Nice, France, 06189
Institut Curie
Paris, France
Institut Curie Saint Cloud
Saint Cloud, France, 92210
Centre René Gauducheau
Saint-Herblain, France, 44805
Centre Paul Strauss
Strasbourg, France, 67000
Institut de cancérologie Alexis Vautrin
Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France, 54519
Gustave Roussy
Villejuif, France, 94800
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Jérôme FAYETTE, MD Léon Bérard Center
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Responsible Party: UNICANCER Identifier: NCT03132038    
Other Study ID Numbers: UC-0130/1619
2016-001794-32 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 11, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: no individual participant data is shared

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Salivary Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Pathologic Processes
Disease Attributes
Mouth Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Salivary Gland Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action