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Alaska Native Collaborative Hub for Resilience Research (ANCHRR)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03131739
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The goal of the Alaska Native Resilience Research Study (ANRRS) is to identify community-level protective factors that can most effectively reduce co-occurring youth suicide and alcohol risk. The following specific aims will help us achieve this overarching goal. The research team will: (1): Assess the association of a set of modifiable cultural, community and institutional factors (protective community factors) with suicide, suicidal behaviors (ideation, attempt), and associated adverse outcomes (accidental death, alcohol-misuse requiring healthcare) in 64 rural and remote Alaska Native villages to identify community-level factors that are most predictive of youth health outcomes; (2): In a stratified random sample of six communities, use quantitative methods to test a multi-level model of individual-level youth protective factors as predictors of individual-level youth resilience from suicide risk outcomes; and (3): Develop and disseminate a method—Alaska Community Resilience Mapping (AK-CRM)—for communities to measure and strategically strengthen their protective capabilities to increase youth health and reduce the risk for suicide.

Methodology:


Condition or disease
Suicide

Detailed Description:
The ANCHRR builds on our established tribal partnerships in the three regions of Alaska with the highest need for effective, culturally congruent and community-based suicide prevention. Drs. Rasmus and Allen have been working collaboratively with Yup'ik communities in the Yukon Kuskokwim region and Dr. Wexler has been doing community-based participatory research in Northwest Alaska (NWA) for 20 years. Both research teams have spent this time partnering with tribal communities and developing evidence-based and self-determined suicide prevention initiatives that reflect local, AN understandings and values, strengthen community systems of support, and build local capacity for strategic prevention practice. The collaborative hub will extend this successful partnership model to include all of the tribal health regions across the state. With relevance for all of rural Alaska, the Alaska Native Resilience Study will provide important insights into the community level factors—institutions, traditions, resources and leaders—and mechanisms—the community perceptions, practices and norms—that increase resilience from suicide and reduce risk. The resulting Alaska Community Resilience Mapping (AK-CRM) Tool will provide a user-friendly, visual representation of the community-level protective factors and processes, and will engage Alaska community members in identifying the community-level protective factors in their community and will offer scientifically-based recommendations for action. In this way, ANCHRR's proposed activities translate results from the research study into practical suggestions for tribal leaders, local practitioners and policy makers, to maximize its public health impact.

Study Design

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 585 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Alaska Native Resilience Research Study
Anticipated Study Start Date : December 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Suicide
U.S. FDA Resources

Groups and Cohorts

Group/Cohort
Community Level Assessment
65 communities will undergo assessment of community / structural variables through review of public records and 3-5 key community interviewees per community.
Individual Level Assessment
A subset of 6 communities will be elected through a stratification process. Youth will complete a set of protective factors measures and outcomes. Adults will complete a section of the Neighborhood Matters survey.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Community Level Assessment: suicide and accidental deaths [ Time Frame: Year 2 ]
    The Trauma Registry and the Alaska Violent Death Reporting System (AKVDRS) will be used to document suicide and accidental deaths


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Individual Level Assessment: Youth: Individual: Communal Mastery Scale [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Collective efficacy: solving life challenges through joining with others

  2. Individual Level Assessment: Youth: Family: Family Relationship Scale [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Quality of family relationships

  3. Individual Level Assessment: Suicide Risk Resilience: Reasons for Life [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Alaska Native cultural beliefs and experiences that make life enjoyable, worthwhile, and provide meaning

  4. Community Level Assessment: Community Protective Factors [ Time Frame: Year 2 ]
    A structured interview guide will ask community experts in each village about the extent to which protective factors related to effective services, community development, self-determination/local control, cultural continuity are present

  5. Individual Level Assessment: Alcohol Risk: Reflective Processes Resilience: Reflective Processes [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    9-item measure of awareness of the reciprocal consequences of one's behavior across people and time, and focuses on reasons for sobriety through a culturally patterned type of awareness used in thinking over potential negative consequences of alcohol

  6. Individual Level Assessment: Youth: Community: Community Protective Factors [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Perceived support and opportunities in community

  7. Individual Level Assessment: Youth: Social Connection: Awareness of Connectedness [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Awareness of the interrelated welfare of the individual with family, community, and the natural environment

  8. Individual Level Assessment: Adult: Protective Community Factors: Protective Community Factors [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Community level organizational features of local control and cultural continuity

  9. Individual Level Assessment: Adult: Community Social Processes: Informal Social Control [ Time Frame: Year 4 ]
    Question stem for generally held beliefs was, "People in this village believe that…" 6-items related to child welfare ("adults should know where their children are.", 10 items for child management ("adults should do something if a child is doing something dangerous"), 4-items related to adolescent behavior ("It is wrong for teenagers to fist fight."), 6-items related to crime ("People should do something if a neighbor's house is being vandalized.") and 5 items related to community member responsibility ("People should take action to make the village better.")


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Sixty-five Alaska Native communities (villages) will be drawn from a regional sample and individual study participants will be drawn from a community sample consisting of six Alaska Native villages across three regions.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • To identify persons able to assess diverse community protective factors, we will identify at least 5 village members from each community who are: (a) local school board members or school workers, (b) community health aids, (c) village-based counselors, (d) tribal council members or tribal administrators, (e) city managers, (f) village public safety officers or village public officers, (g) postmasters, (h) Elder council members, and/or (i) religious leaders. This initial village list will also include other people who are informal leaders in the village.

Exclusion: From this list, participants will be screened to ensure: (1) village residence or service provision in the community for at least 5 years cumulatively and (2) endorsements from members of the Research Steering Committee, who are knowledgeable about specific community dynamics.

  • The sample of 64 communities will be stratified into higher, medium and lower protection community groups using their protective community factor score from Aim 1, then 6 communities will be randomly selected, 2 from each stratification group.
  • Children in each of 6 selected communities
  • All adults 18-29 in 6 selected communities.
  • Approximately 15 individual adults will be recruited in each of the six villages (n=60) through sampling the following sectors of community: government, church, social service, store/business, school, health care, parent, elder. We will contact individuals nominated in each sector by the local tribal council or their designate.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Communities with fewer than 150 people will be excluded since the protective community dynamics and adverse outcomes are more stable in larger villages. This reduces the number of participating communities from 71 total number of villages to 65.
  • We will exclude children under the age of 15, because we seek information regarding late adolescence and beginning adulthood. We will exclude children who do not have the capacity to assent or to participate in the computerized survey.
  • We will exclude adults who do not have the capacity to consent or to participate in the computerized survey.
  • We will exclude adults who have lived in their respective village for less than 5 years, because we will be asking for information about community factors that require perspectives over time. We will exclude adults who do not have the capacity to consent or to participate in the computerized survey.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03131739


Contacts
Contact: Stacy M Rasmus, PhD 9073288919 smrasmus@alaska.edu
Contact: James Allen, PhD 9076872601 jallen@d.umn.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alaska Fairbanks
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
More Information

Responsible Party: Stacy Rasmus, Research Associate Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03131739     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: U19MH113138-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 27, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Tribal Health Organizations and the research team jointly own all data, consistent with the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). De-identified data and results will be shared at every meeting of the AN External Advisory Council, Collaborative Hub and Research Steering Committee. Datasets are shared by request and approval by the Tribal Health Organizations and Project PIs as they become available. The research team propose to development Tribal Data Sharing and Ownership Agreements (DSOA) with the three participating Tribal Health Organizations in Year 1 of the ANCHRR project.

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Stacy Rasmus, University of Alaska Fairbanks:
Resilience
Alaska Native
Community Based Participatory Research
Culture and Community Factors
Protective Factors
Risk Factors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Suicide
Self-Injurious Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms