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Study of Ravulizumab in Children and Adolescents With Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03131219
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 27, 2017
Results First Posted : September 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexion Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of ravulizumab to control disease activity in children and adolescents with aHUS who have not previously used a complement inhibitor (complement inhibitor treatment-naïve), as well as in complement inhibitor-experienced (eculizumab-experienced) adolescent participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS) Biological: Ravulizumab Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 31 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Open-Label, Multicenter Study of ALXN1210 in Children and Adolescents With Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS)
Actual Study Start Date : August 31, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 3, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ravulizumab

Participants were administered weight-based doses of ravulizumab every 8 weeks thereafter for participants weighing ≥ 20 kg, or once every 4 weeks for participant weighing < 20 kg, for a total of 26 weeks of study treatment in the initial Evaluation Period.

After the Initial Evaluation Period, participants rolled over into an Extension Period in which all participant continued their weight-based maintenance dose until the product was registered or approved (in accordance with country specific regulation) or for up to 4.5 years, whichever occurred first.

Biological: Ravulizumab
Participant received weight-based dosages for 26 weeks during the Initial Evaluation Period. Participants received a loading dose on Day 1, followed by maintenance dosing on Day 15 and once every 8 weeks thereafter for participants weighing ≥ 20 kg, or once every 4 weeks for participant weighing < 20 kg.
Other Names:
  • ALXN1210
  • Ultomiris




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage Of Complement Inhibitor Treatment-naïve Participants With Complete Thrombotic Microangiopathy (TMA) Response at Week 26 [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Complete TMA response during the 26-week Initial Evaluation Period is a composite outcome measure that required normalization of hematological parameters (platelet count and lactate dehydrogenase [LDH]) and improvement in kidney function (≥25% reduction in serum creatinine from baseline); for participants on dialysis, baseline was established at least 6 days after the end of dialysis. Participants had to meet these criteria for 2 separate assessments obtained at least 4 weeks (28 days) apart, and any measurement in between. To be considered a responder during the 26-week Initial Evaluation Period, the latest time point a participant could first meet the response criteria was 28 days before the Week 26 (Day 183) assessment. Formal statistical comparison analyses were not planned for this study. Percentage based on the responders among treated participants. Confidence interval (CI) based on exact confidence limits using the Clopper Pearson method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time To Complete TMA Response In Complement Inhibitor Treatment-naïve Participants [ Time Frame: Baseline through at least Week 52 and up to Week 111 ]
    Participants that did not have a response were censored at the date of last visit or study discontinuation at the time when the analysis was performed. The time to complete TMA Response is reported in days. The time of the event of a confirmed complete TMA response was considered the first time point at which all the criteria for complete TMA response were met. Participants had to meet all complete TMA response criteria at 2 separate assessments obtained at least 4 weeks (28 days) apart, and any measurement in between.

  2. Participants Who Do Not Require Dialysis at Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    For participants requiring dialysis within 5 days prior to ALXN1210 treatment initiation, the number of participants no longer requiring dialysis is reported.

  3. Proportion Of Complement Inhibitor Treatment-naïve Participants With Complete TMA Response At Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ]
    The proportion of participants considered responders, along with a 2-sided 95% CI based on exact confidence limits using the Clopper Pearson method is reported.

  4. Change From Baseline In eGFR At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    Kidney function evaluated by eGFR was summarized at baseline and the Week 26 and Week 52 time points using descriptive statistics for continuous variables for the observed value, as well as the change from baseline. The baseline value was defined as the average of the values from the assessments performed prior to the first study drug infusion (these could include results from Screening and the Day 1 visit). A value of 10 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for eGFR was imputed for participants requiring dialysis for acute kidney injury. The observed value and change from baseline are reported in mL/min/1.73 m^2. An increase indicated improvement in kidney function.

  5. Participants With Change From Baseline In CKD Stage At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26, and Week 52 ]
    The CKD stage is presented as the change from baseline in the participants that Improved (excluding those with Stage 1 [normal renal function] at baseline as they cannot improve), Worsened (excluding those with Stage 5 at baseline as they cannot worsen), and Stayed the Same, compared to the CKD stage at baseline. Baseline was derived based on the last available eGFR before starting treatment. Stage 5 was considered the worst category, while Stage 1 was considered the best category. A 2-sided 95% CI for the proportion, based on exact confidence limits using the Clopper-Pearson method, was provided for each category. The CKD stage was classified based on the National Kidney Foundation Chronic Kidney Disease Stage.

  6. Change From Baseline In Platelet Count At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    The hematologic TMA parameter of platelet count was summarized at baseline and at Week 26 and Week 52 using descriptive statistics for continuous variables for the change from baseline. Results are reported in platelets*10^9/liter (L) blood.

  7. Change From Baseline In LDH At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    The hematologic TMA parameter of serum LDH was summarized at baseline and at Week 26 and Week 52 using descriptive statistics for continuous variables for the change from baseline. Results are reported in units (U)/L serum.

  8. Change From Baseline In Hemoglobin At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    The hematologic TMA parameter of hemoglobin level was summarized at baseline and at Week 26 and Week 52 using descriptive statistics for continuous variables for the change from baseline. Results are reported in grams (g)/L blood.

  9. Percentage Of Complement Inhibitor Treatment-naïve Participants With An Increase From Baseline In Hemoglobin ≥20 g/L Through Week 26 and Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline through Week 26 and through Week 52 ]
    The percentage of participants with an increase from baseline in hemoglobin ≥20 g/L, observed at 2 separate assessments obtained at least 4 weeks (28 days) apart, and any measurement in between, was assessed through Week 26 and Week 52 and is presented as the percentage of responders, along with a 2-sided 95% CI. The 95% CIs are based on exact confidence limits using the Clopper-Pearson method. To be considered a responder during the 26-week and 52-week Extension Periods, the latest time point a participant could first meet the response criteria was 28 days before the respective Week 26 and Week 52 assessments (components of the response maintained for at least 28 days).

  10. Change From Baseline In Quality Of Life As Measured By The Functional Assessment Of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Version 4 Questionnaire (Participants ≥5 Years Of Age) At Weeks 26 and 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 and Week 52 ]
    Quality of life was assessed in participants >5 years of age by the Pediatric FACIT-Fatigue Questionnaire (reported by participants who were ≥8 years of age at the time of enrollment; caregiver reported or caregiver assistance for participants who were 5 to <8 years of age at the time of enrollment). The FACIT Fatigue data were summarized at baseline and each post baseline time point using descriptive statistics for continuous variables for the observed value as well as the change from baseline. The FACIT Fatigue Version 4 questionnaire at baseline and each post-infusion time point was scored using standard scoring algorithms. The score ranges from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating less fatigue. An increase in score indicated an improvement in quality of life.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Complement Inhibitor Treatment Naïve:

  1. Participants from birth up to <18 years of age and weighing ≥5 kilograms (kg) at the time of consent.
  2. Participants had not been previously treated with complement inhibitors.
  3. Evidence of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), including low platelet count, hemolysis (breaking of red blood cells inside of blood vessels), and decreased kidney function.
  4. Documented meningococcal vaccination not more than 3 years prior to dosing, and vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b.
  5. Female participants of childbearing potential and male participants with female partners of childbearing potential must have used highly effective contraception starting at screening and continuing until at least 8 months after the last dose of ravulizumab.

Eculizumab Experienced:

  1. Participants between 12 and <18 years of age (non-Japanese sites) or <18 years of age (Japanese sites) who had been treated with eculizumab according to the labelled dosing recommendation for aHUS for at least 90 days prior to screening.
  2. Participants with documented diagnosis of aHUS.
  3. Participants with clinical evidence of response to eculizumab indicated by stable TMA parameters at screening.
  4. Documented meningococcal vaccination not more than 3 years prior to dosing, and vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b.
  5. Females of childbearing potential and male participants with female partners of childbearing potential must have used highly effective contraception starting at screening and continuing until at least 8 months after the last dose of ravulizumab.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known familial or acquired ADAMTS13 ("a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13") deficiency (activity <5%).
  2. Known Shiga toxin-related hemolytic uremic syndrome.
  3. Positive direct Coombs test.
  4. Females who planned to become pregnant during the study or were currently pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  5. Identified drug exposure-related hemolytic uremic syndrome.
  6. Bone marrow transplant/hematopoietic stem cell transplant within the last 6 months prior to the start of screening.
  7. Hemolytic uremic syndrome related to known genetic defects of cobalamin C metabolism.
  8. Known systemic sclerosis (scleroderma), systemic lupus erythematosus, or antiphospholipid antibody positivity or syndrome.
  9. Chronic dialysis (defined as dialysis on a regular basis as renal replacement therapy for end-stage kidney disease.
  10. For eculizumab-experienced participants, prior use of complement inhibitors other than eculizumab.
  11. For eculizumab-experienced participants, any known abnormal TMA parameters within 90 days prior to screening.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03131219


Locations
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United States, Colorado
Clinical Trial Site
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Florida
Clinical Trial Site
Hollywood, Florida, United States, 33021
United States, Georgia
Clinical Trial Site
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Michigan
Clinical Trial Site
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Nebraska
Clinical Trial Site
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68114-4113
United States, North Carolina
Clinical Trial Site
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28203
Belgium
Clinical Trial Site
Bruxelles, Belgium
Germany
Clinical Trial Site
Heidelberg, Germany
Italy
Clinical Trial Site
Milan, Italy
Japan
Clinical Trial Site
Fuchū, Japan
Clinical Trial Site
Ōbu, Japan
Korea, Republic of
Clinical Trial Site
Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Clinical Trial Site
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Clinical Trial Site
Yangsan, Korea, Republic of
Spain
Clinical Trial Site
Barcelona, Spain
Clinical Trial Site
Coruña, Spain
Clinical Trial Site
Esplugues De Llobregat, Spain
Clinical Trial Site
Valencia, Spain
United Kingdom
Clinical Trial Site
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G51 4TF
Clinical Trial Site
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alexion Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 16, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 7, 2018

Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Alexion Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03131219    
Other Study ID Numbers: ALXN1210-aHUS-312
2016-002499-29 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 16, 2020
Last Update Posted: November 18, 2022
Last Verified: November 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Azotemia
Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome
Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Syndrome
Hemolysis
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Uremia
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Thrombotic Microangiopathies
Thrombocytopenia
Blood Platelet Disorders
Ravulizumab
Complement Inactivating Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs