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Surgery and Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03127774
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 25, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Kluger, Columbia University

Brief Summary:


- To determine intraperitoneal (IP) progression free survival after optimal debulking and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with cisplatin in patients with IP spread of adrenocortical cancer.

- Determine morbidity of this procedure in this patient population.

- Determine the impact of surgery and HIPEC on quality of life (QOL) and hormone excess.

- Examine patterns of recurrence (local versus systemic).

- Determine overall survival after optimal debulking and HIPEC in patients with IP spread of adrenocortical cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adrenocortical Carcinoma Peritoneal Carcinomatosis Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Sodium thiosulfate Procedure: Cytoreductive surgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare tumor with an overall 5-year mortality rate of 75 - 90% and an average survival from the time of diagnosis of 14.5 months. The treatment of choice for a localized primary or recurrent tumor is surgical resection of all visible tumor and involved organs. For unresectable metastatic or recurrent disease, mitotane, aminoglutethimide, metapyrone, and ketoconazole are used. This would be the standard of care alternative treatment.

Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents for ACC. Phase I and II trials using heated intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy with cisplatin have been conducted in other tumors that spread primarily to the peritoneal lining of the abdomen. Synergy has been demonstrated for cisplatin and hyperthermia. The purpose of this trial is to determine if an surgical approach with intraperitoneal administration of heated cisplatin when tumor volume is minimal, can impact and improve on progression free survival.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Patients who are successfully debulked will undergo heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy with cisplatin.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Surgical Resection and Heated Intraperitoneal Peritoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) for Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 22, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Surgery with HIPEC
Cytoreductive surgery followed by HIPEC with cisplatin and sodium thiosulfate
Drug: Cisplatin

Route of administration: Intraperitoneal for tumor treatment. Dose of 250 mg/m2

Drug 1 of the hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)

Other Name: Platinol

Drug: Sodium thiosulfate

Route of administration: Intravenous Loading dose of 7.5 gm/m2 over 20 minutes followed by 2.13 gm/m2/hr for 12 hours

Drug 2 given intravenously during hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)

Other Name: Sodium thiosulfate injection

Procedure: Cytoreductive surgery
Standard of care: Surgical procedure used to remove tumors from patients with peritoneal tumors.
Other Name: Cytoreductive debulking surgery

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The length of time after optimal debulking and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy that a patient lives before there is clinical evidence of recurrent adrenocortical cancer.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Morbidity Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The frequency of post-operative complications.

  2. Quality of Life (QOL) Score [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    This measures the impact of surgery and HIPEC on quality of life.

  3. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The length of time people are alive after surgery and HIPEC for adrenocortical cancer.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically proven ACC with the majority of disease confined to the peritoneal cavity and resectable or amenable to radiofrequency ablation
  • Disease evaluable by CT or Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging
  • All disease should be deemed resectable based on imaging studies e.g.:

    • Hepatic metastases (unilateral or bilateral less than or equal to 5 lesions, less than or equal to 15 cm total diameter)
    • Note: Hepatic lesions must be amenable to complete resection
    • Primary peritoneal metastases (small disease load less than or equal to P2 disease) without massive ascites or intestinal obstruction
    • Lung metastases (less than or equal to 3 unilateral/bilateral, 9 cm total diameter)
    • Note: lung lesions must be amenable to complete resection
    • Note: Patients with both pulmonary and hepatic metastases will be enrolled at the discretion of the PI
    • Note: In situations where resection to Completeness of Cytoreduction Score (CC) 0 or 1 is uncertain, patients may undergo diagnostic laparoscopy prior to enrollment to determine feasibility of resection.
  • Greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  • Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document
  • Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) less than or equal to 2
  • Life expectancy of greater than three months
  • Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control during and for four months after receiving chemotherapy
  • Hematology:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1500/mm^3 without the support of Filgrastim.
    • Platelet count greater than 75,000/mm^3.
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl.
  • Chemistry:

    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl unless the measured creatinine clearance is greater than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) within 5 times the upper limit of normal and a total serum bilirubin of less than 3 times the upper limit of normal, both of which define the upper limit of grade 2 treatment related toxicities.
    • Prothrombin time (PT) within 2 seconds of the upper limit of normal (INR less than or equal to 1.8)
  • Recovered from any toxicity to grade 2 or less from all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiotherapy and be at least 30 days past the date of their last treatment with the exception of mitotane which may be continued.
  • Able to understand their disease and the exploratory nature of combining surgery and HIPEC for this histology.


  • Concomitant medical problems that would place the patient at unacceptable risk for a major surgical procedure.
  • History of congestive heart failure and/or an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 40%

Note: Patients at increased risk for coronary artery disease or cardiac dysfunction (e.g., greater than 65yo, diabetes, history of hypertension, elevated LDL, first degree relative with coronary artery disease) will undergo full cardiac evaluation and will not be eligible if they demonstrate significant irreversible ischemia on stress thallium or an ejection fraction less than 40%.

- Significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or other chronic pulmonary restrictive disease with pulmonary function test (PFT) indicating an forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) less than 50% or a diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) less than 40% predicted for age.

Note: Patients who have shortness of breath with minimal exertion or who are at risk for pulmonary disease (e.g., chronic smokers) will undergo pulmonary function testing and will not be eligible if their FEV1 is less than 50% of expected.

  • Grade 2 or greater neuropathy
  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  • Brain metastases or a history of brain metastases
  • Childs B or C cirrhosis
  • Evidence of severe portal hypertension by history, endoscopy, or radiologic studies

Note: Any diagnosis of portal hypertension or clinical stigmata of such including but not limited to gastric or esophageal varices, umbilical vein varices or telangiectasias.

  • Weight less than 30 kg
  • Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03127774

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Contact: Michael Kluger, MD 212-305-6514
Contact: Vilma L Rosario 212-305-6033

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United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032-3729
Contact: Michael Kluger, MD    212-305-6514   
Contact: Vilma Rosario    212-305-6033   
Principal Investigator: Michael Kluger, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Antonio T Fojo, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
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Principal Investigator: Michael Kluger, MD Columbia University
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Responsible Party: Michael Kluger, Assistant Professor of Surgery, Columbia University Identifier: NCT03127774    
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAQ9194
First Posted: April 25, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Michael Kluger, Columbia University:
Heated Cisplatin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peritoneal Neoplasms
Adrenocortical Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Abdominal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Peritoneal Diseases
Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Adrenal Gland Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Sodium thiosulfate
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents