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Study of ACE-083 in Patients With Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03124459
Recruitment Status : Terminated ((Investigation of ACE-083 for use in patients with CMT is being discontinued as it did not achieve functional secondary endpoints in the A083-03 trial.)
First Posted : April 21, 2017
Results First Posted : July 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Acceleron Pharma Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, phase 2 study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics (PD), efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of ACE-083 in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 1 and Type X (CMT1 and CMTX), to be conducted in two parts. Part 1 is non-randomized, open-label, dose-escalation and Part 2 is randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Drug: ACE-083 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Part 1 (non-randomized, open-label, dose-escalation)

Part 1 will consist of up to 3 cohorts of 6 patients each and will evaluate multiple ascending dose levels of ACE-083 administered bilaterally once every 3 weeks for up to 5 doses in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. Patients in each cohort will be enrolled in a 4-week screening period before beginning treatment.

Part 2 (randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled) Prior to the initiation of Part 2, a review of safety and efficacy data from Part 1 will be conducted by the Safety Review Team (SRT) to determine the recommended dose level (maximum 250 mg/muscle). A total of up to 40 new patients may be enrolled and randomized (1:1 randomization) to receive either ACE 083 (n=20) or placebo (n=20) bilaterally by injection into both TA muscles once every 3 weeks for up to 17 doses.

Study duration for Parts 1 and 2 for each patient will be approximately 24 weeks, including a 4-week screening period, a 12-week treatment period, and an 8-week follow-up period after the last dose.

Study duration for Part 2 will be 15 months, including 4-week screening, 6 months double blind placebo-controlled, 6 months open-label and 8 week follow-up.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 63 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of ACE-083 in Patients With Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Types 1 and X
Actual Study Start Date : July 31, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 11, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : March 11, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1 Cohort 1
ACE-083 150 mg intramuscular (IM) (tibialis anterior muscle), once every 3 weeks for up to 5 doses.
Drug: ACE-083
Part 1 - Recombinant fusion protein. Part 2 - Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution.

Experimental: Part 1 Cohort 2
ACE-083 200 mg IM (tibialis anterior muscle), once every 3 weeks for up to 5 doses.
Drug: ACE-083
Part 1 - Recombinant fusion protein. Part 2 - Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution.

Experimental: Part 1 Cohort 3
ACE-083 up to 250 mg IM (tibialis anterior muscle), once every 3 weeks for up to 5 doses.
Drug: ACE-083
Part 1 - Recombinant fusion protein. Part 2 - Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution.

Experimental: Part 2 (double-blind placebo controlled)
ACE-083 up to 250 mg IM (tibialis anterior muscle) or placebo, once every 3 weeks for up to 9 doses
Drug: ACE-083
Part 1 - Recombinant fusion protein. Part 2 - Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution.

Drug: Placebo
Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution

Experimental: Part 2 (open label)
ACE-083 up to 250 mg IM (tibialis anterior muscle), once every 3 weeks for up to 8 doses
Drug: ACE-083
Part 1 - Recombinant fusion protein. Part 2 - Recombinant fusion protein or buffer solution.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 1: Frequency of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period for Part 1 (Study Day 141). ]
    Number of subjects with at least one adverse event related to treatment intervention from Part 1 of this study. Since this outcome measure was only pre-specified for Part 1, only data from the Part 1 participants is reported.

  2. Part 2: Percent Change in Muscle Volume to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study. [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    The percent change from baseline in volume of injected muscle, by MRI compared to the Day 190 Assessment is reported. The pre-specified timepoint for this outcome was only for data collected from participants to the end of the double-blind placebo controlled portion of the study, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part 2: Absolute Change in Amount of Intramuscular Fat Tissue to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    The absolute change from baseline in intramuscular fat fraction of the injected muscle, by MRI compared to Day 190 Assessment is reported. The pre-specified timepoint for this outcome was only for data collected from participants to the end of the double-blind placebo controlled portion of the study, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  2. Part 2: Percent Change in Muscle Strength to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Percent change from baseline in strength of the injected muscle, by Quantitative Muscle Testing (QMT) compared to Day 190 Assessment is reported. The pre-specified timepoint for this outcome was only for data collected from participants to the end of the double-blind placebo controlled portion of the study, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  3. Part 2: Percent Change in Muscle Function - Walk/Run Time to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    The percent change from baseline in functional assessments, as measured by 10-meter walk/run time when compared to Day 190 Assessment is reported. The pre-specified timepoint for this outcome was only for data collected from participants to the end of the double-blind placebo controlled portion of the study, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  4. Part 2: Percent Change in Muscle Function - Walk Distance Assessed at the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period for the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Percent change from baseline in functional assessments, as measured by 6-minute walk distance when compared to Day 190 Assessment, is reported. The pre-specified timepoint for this outcome was only for data collected from participants to the end of the double-blind placebo controlled portion of the study, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  5. Part 2: Change in Balance and Fall Risk at the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study. [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Change from baseline in static and dynamic balance, as measured by the Berg Balance Scale, a 14-item scoring system to assess balance and fall risk in adults. The Berg balance scale is used to objectively determine a patient's ability (or inability) to safely balance during a series of predetermined tasks. It is a 14 item list with each item consisting of a five-point ordinal scale ranging from 0 to 4, with 0 indicating the lowest level of function and 4 the highest level of function. Total scores are used for reporting, with a range of 0-56, with higher scores mean a better demonstration of function. A score of 56 indicates functional balance. A score of < 45 indicates individuals may be at greater risk of falling. The pre-specified timepoints for reporting are baseline Berg scale score and Day 190 score, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  6. Part 2: Percent Change in Balance and Fall Risk From Baseline to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Percent change was calculated for the difference from baseline and Day 190 Assessment scores on the Berg Balance Scale. The Berg Balance Scale, is a 14-item scoring system to assess balance and fall risk in adults. The Berg balance scale is used to objectively determine a patient's ability (or inability) to safely balance during a series of predetermined tasks. It is a 14 item list with each item consisting of a five-point ordinal scale ranging from 0 to 4, with 0 indicating the lowest level of function and 4 the highest level of function. Total scores are used for reporting, with a range of 0-56, with higher scores mean a better demonstration of function. A score of 56 indicates functional balance. A score of < 45 indicates individuals may be at greater risk of falling. The pre-specified timepoints for reporting are baseline Berg scale score and Day 190 score, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  7. Part 2: Change in Clinical Examination Score From Baseline to End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Change from baseline in the Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Examination Score, version 2 (CMTES2), a composite scoring system to assess sensory and motor impairment in subjects with CMT. The total score is a subset of the following items from the CMT neuropathy score instrument: Sensory symptoms, Motor symptoms (legs), Motor symptoms (arms), Pinprick Sensibility, Vibration, Strength (legs), and Strength (arms). Each individual item is assessed using a rating from 0 to 4 inclusive. The range of CMTES2 scores is from 0 to 28 inclusive. A higher score means a greater degree of symptom severity. The Baseline score and score on the Day 190 Assessment are reported. The pre-specified timepoints for reporting are baseline Berg scale score and Day 190 score, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  8. Part 2: Percent Change in Clinical Examination Score in Baseline to End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    Percent change was calculated for the difference in the Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Examination Score (CMTES2) from baseline and Day 190 Assessment scores. The pre-specified timepoints for reporting are baseline Berg scale score and Day 190 score, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.

  9. Part 2: Change in Patient-reported Quality of Life From Baseline to the End of the Double-blind Placebo-controlled Portion of the Study [ Time Frame: From initiation of treatment (Study Day 1) to end of follow-up period of the double-blind placebo-controlled portion of the study (Study Day 190). ]
    The absolute change from baseline in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Health Index (CMT-HI), a disease-specific, patient-reported health index score from baseline and Day 190 Assessment scores. The pre-specified timepoints for reporting are baseline Berg scale score and Day 190 score, therefore data for the open-label arm of the study is not reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria

  1. Age ≥ 18 years
  2. Diagnosis of CMT1 or CMTX confirmed by:

    1. Clinical presentation and electrodiagnostics
    2. Genetically-confirmed CMT1 or CMTX for the patient or first-degree relative
  3. Part 1:

    1. Six-minute walk distance (6MWD) of at least 150 meters (without a brace or walker)
    2. Independent ambulation for at least 10 meters, without a brace
    3. Left and right ankle plantar flexion MRC grade 4+ to 5, inclusive

    Part 2:

    1. 6MWD ≥ 150 and ≤ 500 meters (without a brace or walker); a maximum of 20% of enrolled patients with 6MWD ≥ 450 meters will be included
    2. Left and right ankle plantar flexion MRC grade 4- to 5, inclusive
  4. Left and right ankle dorsiflexion Medical Research Council (MRC) manual muscle testing (MMT) grade 3 to 4+ inclusive. No more than 12 of the 40 subjects may have a grade of 3 or 3+ on one or both sides.
  5. Females of childbearing potential must have negative urine pregnancy test prior to enrollment and use highly effective birth control methods during study participation and for 8 weeks following the last dose of ACE-083. Males must agree to use a condom during any sexual contact with females of childbearing potential while participating in the study and for 8 weeks following the last dose of ACE-083, even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy.
  6. Ability to adhere to the study visit schedule/procedures, and to understand and comply with protocol requirements
  7. Signed written informed consent

Key Exclusion Criteria

  1. History of active malignancy, with the exception of fully excised or treated basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in-situ, or ≤ 2 squamous cell carcinomas of the skin
  2. Symptomatic cardiopulmonary disease, significant functional impairment, significant orthopedic or neuropathic pain, or other co morbidities that in the opinion of the investigator would limit a patient's ability to complete strength and/or functional assessments on study
  3. Type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus
  4. Thyroid disorder unless condition is stable with no change in treatment for at least 4 weeks before the first dose and no expected change for duration of study
  5. Renal impairment (serum creatinine ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN])
  6. Aspartate transaminase (AST) and/or alanine transaminase (ALT) ≥ 3 times ULN
  7. Increased risk of bleeding (i.e., due to hemophilia, platelet disorders, or use of any anticoagulation/platelet modifying therapies up to 2 weeks prior to Study Day 1 and for duration of study; low dose aspirin [≤ 100 mg daily] is permitted)
  8. Severe deformity or ankle fixation that would sufficiently limit passive range of motion to affect assessment of dorsiflexion strength
  9. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to Study Day 1
  10. Chronic pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids (≥ 2 weeks) within 4 weeks before Study Day 1 and for duration of study; intra-articular/topical/inhaled/intranasal physiologic doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted
  11. Androgens, growth hormone, insulin or oral hormone replacement therapy within 6 months before Study Day 1 and for duration of study; topical physiologic androgen replacement is permitted
  12. Any change in medications potentially affecting muscle strength or function within 4 weeks of Study Day 1 and for duration of study (e.g., creatinine, CoQ10, systemic beta-adrenergic agonists)
  13. Previous exposure to any investigational agent potentially affecting muscle volume, muscle strength, or muscle or nerve function within 5 half-lives of last dose plus an additional 8-week washout period (or 12 weeks prior to Study Day 1 if half-life is unknown)
  14. Any previous or current exposure to ACE-083
  15. Significant change in physical activity or exercise (e.g., significant increase or decrease in intensity or frequency) within 8 weeks before Study Day 1 or inability to maintain the baseline level of physical activity throughout the study
  16. Any condition that would prevent MRI scanning or compromise the ability to obtain a clear and interpretable scan of the lower leg, as applicable (e.g., knee/hip replacement metallic implants)
  17. Known active substance abuse, including alcohol
  18. History of sensitivity to protein pharmaceuticals
  19. Female that is lactating/breast-feeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03124459


Locations
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United States, California
University of California-Irvine
Orange, California, United States, 92868
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Medical Center - Neurology Department
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota, Neurology Department
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Jersey
Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, New York
Columbia University
New York, New York, United States, 10032
University of Rochester Medical Center, Neurology
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, North Carolina
Carolinas Healthcare System Neurosciences Institute
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28203
United States, Oregon
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
United States, Vermont
University of Vermont
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05401
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Acceleron Pharma Inc.
Investigators
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Study Chair: Jay Backstrom, MD Acceleron Pharma Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Acceleron Pharma Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 9, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 13, 2020

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Responsible Party: Acceleron Pharma Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03124459    
Other Study ID Numbers: A083-03
ACE-083 ( Other Identifier: Acceleron Pharma Inc. )
First Posted: April 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 28, 2021
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2021
Last Verified: July 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Acceleron Pharma Inc.:
CMT1 / CMTX
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tooth Diseases
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Nerve Compression Syndromes
Hereditary Sensory and Motor Neuropathy
Stomatognathic Diseases
Nervous System Malformations
Nervous System Diseases
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Polyneuropathies
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Congenital Abnormalities
Genetic Diseases, Inborn