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Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Elafibranor in Patients With Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) and Inadequate Response to Ursodeoxycholic Acid

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03124108
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 21, 2017
Results First Posted : September 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genfit

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of the study is to compare the effect of daily oral administration of elafibranor 80mg and 120 mg on change in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to that of placebo in patients with PBC and inadequate response to Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) Drug: Elafibranor 80 mg Drug: Elafibranor 120 mg Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Elafibranor at Doses of 80 mg and 120mg After 12 Weeks of Treatment in Patients With Primary Biliary Cholangitis and Inadequate Response to Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Actual Study Start Date : April 5, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 31, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Study subjects will take two tablets per day orally before breakfast with a glass of water each morning
Drug: Placebo
Two coated tablets daily for 12 weeks

Active Comparator: Elafibranor 80 mg
Study subjects will take two tablets per day orally before breakfast with a glass of water each morning
Drug: Elafibranor 80 mg
Two coated tablets daily for 12 weeks
Other Name: GFT505

Active Comparator: Elafibranor 120 mg
Study subjects will take two tablets per day orally before breakfast with a glass of water each morning
Drug: Elafibranor 120 mg
Two coated tablets daily for 12 weeks
Other Name: GFT505




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relative Change From Baseline in Serum Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Levels at Week 12 (Endpoint) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Relative change from baseline is in serum ALP levels at Week 12 (endpoint) were reported. Relative change from baseline is defined as percentage (%) change from baseline to endpoint.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by Composite Risk Scores (ALP< 1.67 * Upper Limit of Normal [ULN] at Endpoint, Total Bilirubin [BIL] Within Normal Limits at Endpoint, and Greater Than [>] 15% ALP Reduction From Baseline to Endpoint) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response defined by Composite Risk Scores (ALP Less than [<] 1.67 * ULN at endpoint, Total BIL within normal limits at endpoint, and > 15% ALP reduction from baseline to Endpoint) was reported.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by Composite Risk Scores (ALP < 2 * Upper Limit of Normal at Endpoint, Total Bilirubin Within Normal Limits at Endpoint, and > 40% ALP Reduction From Baseline to Endpoint) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response defined by composite risk scores (ALP < 2 * ULN at endpoint, Total BIL within normal limits at endpoint, and > 40% ALP reduction from baseline to endpoint) was reported.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Response Based on PARIS I Risk Score at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response based on Paris I risk score was defined as ALP less than or equal to (<=) 3 * ULN and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <= 2 * ULN and bilirubin within normal limits.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Response Based on PARIS II Risk Score at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response based on Paris II risk score was defined as ALP <= 1.5 * ULN and AST <= 1.5 * ULN and bilirubin within normal limits.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Response Based on Toronto I Risk Score at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response based on Toronto I risk score was defined as ALP <= 1.67 *ULN.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Response Based on Toronto II Risk Score at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response based on Toronto II risk scores was defined as ALP <= 1.75 * ULN.

  7. Median Percentage Risk as Assessed by United Kingdom-Primary Biliary Cholangitis (UK-PBC) Risk Total Score at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    UK-PBC risk score at endpoint estimated that the median percentage risk that a participant treated with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) will develop liver failure requiring liver transplant in 5, 10 and 15 years. UK-PBC score was calculated at each of the 3 survivor functions 1-baseline survival function^exp(0.0287854*[alpEPxuln-1.722136304] - 0.0422873*[{(altastEPxuln/10)^-1} - 8.675729006] + 1.4199 * [ln{bilEPxuln /10}+2.709607778] -1.960303*[albxlln -1.17673001]-0.4161954*[ pltxlln -1.873564875]). Where: Baseline survivor function=0. 982 (at 5 years); 0. 941 (at 10 years); 0.893 (at 15 years). alpEPxuln = ALP at endpoint/upper level normal ALP; altastEPxuln=(ALT, AST) at endpoint/upper level normal of the value; bilEPxuln=bilirubin at endpoint/upper level normal bilirubin; albxlln=albumin at baseline/albumin lower level normal; pltxlln=platelet count at baseline/ platelet count lower level normal.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by 10, 20 and 40 Percent Reduction in Alkaline Phosphatase [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Percentage of participants with response (defined by at least 10%, 20%, and 40% decrease in ALP from baseline to Endpoint) reported.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by Normalized Alkaline Phosphatase Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    The response was defined by normalized ALP levels (ALP ULN 105 units per liter [U/L] for females, 129 U/L for males) at endpoint.

  10. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by Normalized Bilirubin (BIL) at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    The response was defined by normalized BIL levels (BIL ULN <1.20 milligram per deciliter [mg/dL]) at endpoint.

  11. Percentage of Participants With Response Defined by Normalized Albumin (ALB) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: At Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    The response was defined by normalized ALB levels (3.5-5.2 gram per deciliter [g/dL] for ages 18-60 years; 3.2-4.6 g/dL for ages 61-91 years) at endpoint.

  12. Change From Baseline in Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in ALT levels at endpoint was reported.

  13. Change From Baseline in Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in AST levels at endpoint was reported.

  14. Change From Baseline in Gamma-glutamyl Transferase (GGT) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in GGT levels at endpoint was reported.

  15. Change From Baseline in 5 Prime (') Nucleotidase Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in 5' nucleotidase levels at endpoint was reported. 5' nucleotidase is an enzyme used as a biomarker of hepatobiliary cholestasis and is less sensitive but more specific than GGT and ALP.

  16. Change From Baseline in Total Bilirubin (BIL) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in total BIL levels at endpoint was reported.

  17. Change From Baseline in Conjugated Bilirubin Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in conjugated bilirubin levels at endpoint was reported.

  18. Change From Baseline in Albumin Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in albumin levels at endpoint was reported.

  19. Change From Baseline in Cholesterol Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in cholesterol levels at endpoints was reported.

  20. Change From Baseline in Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in LDL-cholesterol at endpoint was reported.

  21. Change From Baseline in High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in HDL-cholesterol levels at endpoint was reported.

  22. Change From Baseline in Triglycerides Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in triglycerides levels at endpoint was reported.

  23. Change From Baseline in Total Free Bile Acid Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in total free bile acid levels at endpoint was reported.

  24. Change From Baseline in Total Conjugated Bile Acid Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in total conjugated bile acid levels at endpoint was reported.

  25. Change From Baseline in Total Bile Acid Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in total bile acid levels at endpoint was reported.

  26. Change From Baseline in 7 Alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in 7 alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one levels at endpoint was reported.

  27. Change From Baseline in Fibroblast Growth Factor-19 Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in fibroblast growth factor-19 levels at endpoint was reported.

  28. Change From Baseline in Immunoglobulin M (IgM) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in IgM levels at endpoint was reported.

  29. Change From Baseline in Tumor Necrosis Factor Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in tumor necrosis factor levels at endpoint was reported.

  30. Change From Baseline in Transforming Growth Factor Beta Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in transforming growth factor beta levels at endpoint was reported,

  31. Change From Baseline in Interleukin 6 Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in interleukin 6 levels at endpoint was reported.

  32. Change From Baseline in Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Antigen (AG) Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 AG levels at endpoint was reported.

  33. Change From Baseline in Cytokeratin-18 Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in cytokeratin-18 (M30 and M65) levels at endpoint was reported.

  34. Change From Baseline in Autotaxin Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in autotaxin levels at endpoint was reported.

  35. C-reactive Protein Level at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    C-reactive protein level at endpoint was reported.

  36. Change From Baseline in Haptoglobin Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in haptoglobin levels at endpoint was reported.

  37. Change From Baseline in Fibrinogen Levels at Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    Change from baseline in fibrinogen levels at endpoint was reported.

  38. Change From Baseline in 5D-Itch Scale Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    5 dimensional (5D)-Itch Scale is a reliable, multidimensional measure of itching that has been validated in participants with chronic pruritus to detect changes over time. It consists of 5 domains: duration, degree, direction, disability, and distribution. The duration, degree and direction domains each include one item, while the disability domain has four items (sleep, leisure/social, housework/errands, work/school). All items of the first four domains were measured on a 5-point Likert scale. The distribution domain included 16 potential locations of itch, including 15 body part items (head/scalp, soles, face, palms, chest, abdomen, back, buttocks, thighs, lower legs, tops of feet/toes, tops of hands/fingers, upper arms, groin, forearms) and one point of contact with clothing or bandages. Scores of each of five domains are achieved separately and then summed together to obtain a total 5-D score. 5-D scores can potentially range between 5 (no pruritus) and 25 (most severe pruritus).

  39. Change From Baseline in Pruritus as Assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    The VAS is a reliable and validated method of pruritus assessment. The VAS is adequate in assessing the severity of the symptom; it does not take into account other aspects of pruritus, such as the relative impact of pruritus on quality of life. The VAS, for pruritus assessment, requires the participant to use abstract thought processes to convert their itch severity to a mark on a continuum. A participant draws a line anywhere on the scale ranging from 0 to 10 (where 0 represents 'no itching' and 10 represents 'worst possible itching') that best represents the severity of participant's itching and the scoring involves manual measuring of the mark with a ruler on range of 0 to 100 millimeter (mm). Higher scores indicate worse itching.

  40. Change From Baseline in Primary Biliary Cholangitis -40 (PBC-40) Quality of Life (QoL) Questionnaire Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 (Endpoint) ]
    PBC-40 QoL Questionnaire is a patient-derived, disease-specific QoL measure developed and validated for use in PBC. It consists of 9 domains with total 40 questions as: 1) digestion and diet (questions 1-3, total score range: 3-15); 2) experiences (questions 4-7, total score range: 4-20); 3) itching (questions 8-10, total score range: 3-15); 4) fatigue (questions 11-18, total score range: 8-40); 5) effort and planning (questions 19-21, total score range: 3-15); 6) memory and concentration (questions 22-27, total score range: 6-30); 7) affects you as a person (questions 28-33, total score range: 6-30); 8) affects your social life (questions 34-37, total score range: 4-20); 9) overall impact on your life (questions 38-40, total score range: 3-15). PBC-40 QoL Questionnaire has 40 questions, each scored on scale of 1-5 (1 = least impact, 5 = greatest impact). For each domain, scoring involved summing individual question response scores. Higher scores indicate poorer quality of life.

  41. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Serious Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    An adverse event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation patient administered a pharmaceutical (investigational) product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. A Serious adverse event (SAE) is any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose: results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization/prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect, is another medically important condition. TEAEs is defined as (1) it is not present when active phase of study (time of first dose) begins and is not a chronic condition that is part of patient's medical history, or it is present at start of active phase or as part of patient's medical history, but severity/frequency increases during active phase.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Must have provided written informed consent
  2. Definite or probable PBC diagnosis as demonstrated by the presence of at least 2 of the following 3 diagnostic factors:

    • History of elevated ALP levels for at least 6 months prior to Day 0 (randomization visit)
    • Positive Anti-Mitochondrial Antibodies (AMA) titers (> 1/40 on immunofluorescence or M2 positive by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or positive PBC-specific antinuclear antibodies
    • Liver biopsy consistent with PBC
  3. ALP >= 1.67x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  4. Taking UDCA for at least 12 months (stable dose for ≥ 6 months) prior to screening visit
  5. Contraception: Females participating in this study must be of non-childbearing potential or must be using highly efficient contraception for the full duration of the study and for 1 month after the end of treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History or presence of other concomitant liver diseases
  2. Screening creatine phosphokinase (CPK) > upper limits of normal (ULN)
  3. Screening alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 ULN
  4. Screening total bilirubin > 2 ULN
  5. Screening serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dl
  6. Significant renal disease, including nephritic syndrome, chronic kidney disease (defined as patients with markers of kidney damage or estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2).
  7. Patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (defined as Child-Pugh B/C)
  8. Platelet count <150 X 10^3/microliter
  9. Albumin <3.5 g/dL
  10. Presence of clinical complications of PBC or clinically significant hepatic decompensation
  11. If female: known pregnancy, or has a positive urine pregnancy test (confirmed by a positive serum pregnancy test), or lactating
  12. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  13. Medical conditions that may cause non-hepatic increases in ALP (e.g., Paget's disease)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03124108


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85054
United States, Florida
Schiff Center for Liver Diseases
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Cleveland Clinic Florida
Weston, Florida, United States, 33331
United States, Georgia
Piedmont Research Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30309
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, New York
Northwell Health Institution
Manhasset, New York, United States, 11030
United States, North Carolina
Asheville Gastroenterology Associates
Asheville, North Carolina, United States, 28801
United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22903
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
United States, Washington
Swedish Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98122
France
Hopital Saint-Antoine
Paris, France, 75012
Germany
University Hospital Frankfurt
Frankfurt, Germany, 60590
Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Koln, Germany, 50937
Johannes Gutenberg University
Mainz, Germany, 55131
Spain
Liver Unit, University of Barcelona
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
Hospital De La Sant Creu St. Pau
Barcelona, Spain, 08041
United Kingdom
University of Birmingham Centre for Liver Research
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B15 2TT
Addenbrooke's Hospital
Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 0QQ
The Royal Liverpool University Hospital
Liverpool, United Kingdom, L7 8XP
King's College Hospital
London, United Kingdom, SE5 9RS
The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hosptials NHS Foundation Trust
Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, NE7 7DN
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genfit
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Head Genfit
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Genfit:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 4, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 11, 2018


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Responsible Party: Genfit
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03124108     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GFT505B-216-1
2016-003817-80 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 24, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Genfit:
Elafibranor
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Alkaline phosphatase
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cholangitis
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic
Cholestasis
Liver Diseases
Liver Cirrhosis
Ursodeoxycholic Acid
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Gastrointestinal Agents