Detroit Young Adult Asthma Project (DYAAP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03121157|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 9, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Asthma||Behavioral: Multi-Component Technology Based Intervention||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||192 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Multi-component Technology Intervention for African American Emerging Adults With Asthma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 10, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2022|
The intervention group will receive two sessions of computer-delivered motivational interviewing via CIAS software programmed to target adherence to medications. The intervention group will also receive text messaged adherence reminders between sessions. Both the computer-delivered sessions and text messages will be tailored to the participant using ecological momentary assessment.
Behavioral: Multi-Component Technology Based Intervention
The intervention group receives two sessions of computer-delivered MI via software programmed to target adherence to medications and text messaged adherence reminders between sessions. Sessions are provided by an avatar. The intervention engages the youth with the avatar's communication of empathy, optimism, and autonomy support. The intervention focuses the youth on adherence and relevant health behaviors with feedback on adherence, asthma symptoms, and tailored education. Participants are guided in the planning process through goal setting activities. The length of the intervention sessions are about 30 minutes each, with the total duration of the visit (assessment and intervention) lasting about 1.5 hours.
Other Name: The Detroit Young Adult Asthma Project (DYAAP)
No Intervention: Control
Control participants complete CIAS-delivered asthma education modules matched for length, location, and method of delivery of the intervention session. Control participants complete each module at their own pace and then complete a short quiz to assess their knowledge. Control participants also receive text messages between intervention sessions. Message content is the same for all control participants and contains general facts about asthma (not tailored). Message timing is not tailored and is sent at the same time every day (4:00 PM--time chosen to avoid AM and PM medication times but to not interfere with sleep and school activities).
- Medication Adherence [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 3, 6, and 12 months ]Daily text messaging, Doser, and self-report
- Asthma Control [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 3, 6, and 12 months ]Frequency of asthma symptoms based on self-report
- Asthma Control [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 3, 6, and 12 months ]Lung functioning as measured by portable spirometer
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03121157
|United States, Michigan|
|Detroit Medical Center/Wayne State University School of Medicine|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201|