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Early Rising PSA Endocrine Treatment Versus Chemo-endocrine Therapy- SPCG14

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03119857
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 19, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 18, 2021
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Västra götalands regionen (Huvudman)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andreas Josefsson, Göteborg University

Brief Summary:


In patients with prostate cancer (PC) who have only biochemically relapsed disease after curative treatment (or some locally advanced PC patients), hormonal therapy remains a de facto standard of care treatment. Adding docetaxel-based chemotherapy to a standard-of-care hormonal therapy has an increased potential to treat prostate cancer cell clones resistant to androgen withdrawal and to possibly shorten the duration of therapy needed to control the disease.

This clinical trial is designed on the basis of an unmet clinical need, as well as other factors including: 1) a consensus among investigators on endpoints for studies of patients with a rising PSA, 2) the ability to identify subjects at high risk for developing radiographic metastases, 3) the fact that hormonal therapy has already been shown to improve survival when applied early in the natural history, and 4) the availability of chemotherapy such as docetaxel that can improve survival in subjects with advanced disease.

It is our hypothesis that a more appropriate group of patients who may benefit from the curative potential of systemic chemo-hormonal modality is that with minimal, but detectable disease who have a high probability of developing metastatic disease, clinical symptoms and eventually death from prostate cancer in a defined time frame. The investigators hypothesize further that the approach is likely to be more effective at a time of minimal tumour burden, resulting in minimization of the overall burden of therapy and better quality of life while on treatment.

This trial will determine whether any benefit is gained by adding chemotherapy to hormonal therapy alone in the population of subjects with a rising PSA. Two therapeutic approaches will be compared in this two-arm randomized clinical trial. The control Arm A provides antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) alone. The experimental Arm B involves treatment with docetaxel for 8-10 cycles and antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) treatment. For the schematic representation of study design please see Section 7.3.1.

Subjects with a rising PSA following definitive local curative therapy will be eligible, if their PSA doubling time is < 12 months. Also PC patients planned for anti-.androgen therapy are eligible, with the same criteria. Subjects with radiographic metastases will be excluded. The primary endpoint of the trial is progression-free survival of subjects that do not experience biochemical failure at 60 months from the start of therapy.

Based on the yearly number of prostate cancer patients who undergo definitive local therapies and the estimated probabilities of relapse, upwards of 400 men (if +15% improvement) in the Scandinavian countries are potential candidates for this approach.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostatic Neoplasms Drug: Antiandrogen Drug: Antiandrogen+docetaxel Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 349 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open Label, Multicenter, Phase III, 2-Arm Study of Androgen Deprivation +/- Taxotere (Docetaxel) for Non-metastatic Prostate Cancer Patients With a Rising PSA
Actual Study Start Date : February 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer
Drug Information available for: Docetaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Antiandrogen
Antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) p.o. alone,
Drug: Antiandrogen
Experimental: Antiandrogen + docetaxel
Antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) p.o. + Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 (maximum 2.0 m2 ) i.v. q 3 weeks x up to 8-10 cycles.
Drug: Antiandrogen+docetaxel

Antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) + docetaxel (Taxotere®) 75mg/m2 (max 2.0m2) i.v. in 60 minutes on day 1. One cycle is 21 days. Docetaxel will be given for up to 8-10 cycles or until unacceptable toxicity or consent withdrawal whichever comes first.

Antiemetic therapy may be used if necessary.

Other Name: Taxotere

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, which ever came first, assessed up to 60 months ]

    Progression free survival defined as the time from randomization to the date of first documentation of:

    • PSA progression PSA progression is considered to occur when PSA is +2.0 ng/ml above nadir. A confirmatory PSA must be taken no less than 6 weeks following the first rising PSA above nadir +2.0 ng/ml. If that confirmatory PSA also exceeds the above parameters, then progression has occurred. If the confirmatory PSA fails to confirm progression, then the patient will remain on study.
    • Radiographic progression Outcome in patients who develop radiographically metastatic disease while on study will be defined as progression independent of their respective PSA values.

    These patients will be followed for evaluation of survival.

    - Death Death due to prostate cancer in the absence of previous documentation of disease progression,

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference between groups in PSA doubling time (PSADT). [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented PSADT, assessed up to 60 months ]
    The PSADT can be calculated by the natural log of 2 (0.693) divided by the slope of the relation between the log of PSA and the time of PSA measurement.

  2. Difference between groups regarding QoL [ Time Frame: At date of randomization and yearly, assessed up to 60 months ]
    The quality of life (QoL) will be assessed using the FACT-P-T disease-specific subscale. The scoring will be in accordance with version 4 of the FACT manual.

  3. Difference between groups regarding metastasis free survival [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented date of metastases, assessed yearly by bone-scan after first PSA_progression until first sign of metastasis, whichever came first, assessed up to 100 months ]
    Metastasis free survival will be assessed yearly by bone-scan after first PSA progression until the date of first documented metastasis on bone scan, date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 100 months

  4. Difference between groups regarding overall survival [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of death from any cause reported yearly by the study sites up to 100 months ]
    Survival will be assessed yearly up to 100 months after inclusion

  5. Difference between groups regarding cancer specific survival [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until date of death from prostate cancer,reported yearly by the study sites up to 100 months ]
    Cancer specific survival will be assessed yearly up to 100 months after inclusion

  6. Measurement of grade of toxicity of given treatments [ Time Frame: At date of randomization, during treatment and follow up questionaries until 60 months ]
    Adverse events recording using NCI-CTCAE (v3.0)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men > 18 and ≤80 years of age.
  • WHO/ECOG performance status 0 - 1 (WHO: World Health Organization; ECOG: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group )
  • Histological proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Patients who are planned to receive antiandrogen (bicalutamide 150 mg x 1) treatment,
  • After curative treatment

    • Prostatectomy: PSA > 10 OR PSA DT < 12 months and PSA > 0.5 (PSA doubling time calculation must start at a minimum value of > 0.5)
    • Radiation: PSA > +2.0 above nadir and PSA >10 OR PSA DT < 12 months and PSA > 0.5. (PSA bouncing after radiotherapy should be excluded according to the local traditions, and PSA doubling time calculation must start at a minimum value of > 0.5)
  • In locally advanced (or local not suitable for curative therapy) prostate cancer patients, PSA < 100 is required before inclusion AND one of the following

    • PSA DT < 12 months or
    • PSA >20 or
    • Gleason score 8-10
  • Previous hormonal therapy in conjunction with radiotherapy is allowed, provided that the total duration of therapy does not exceed 12 months and has to be stopped > 12 months ago.
  • Testosterone value > 5 nmol/l
  • Adequate haematological-, liver- and kidney function. WBC(white blood cell ) 3.5 x 109/L ANC(absolute neutrophil count ) 1.5 x 109/L Platelet Count 150 x 109/L Haemoglobin > 120 g/L Total bilirubin ≤ ULN (upper limit of normal) unless due to Gilbert's disease Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance of 60 cc/min or corresponding Iohexol clearance value ASAT(aspartate aminotransferase )/ALAT(alanine aminotransferase) ≤ 1.5 x ULN ALP (Alkaline phosphatase) < 1.5 x ULN
  • Negative bone scan performed no more than 3 months prior to randomisation.
  • Additional CT or ultrasound of thorax, abdomen and/or pelvis is optional.
  • Written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Positive bone scan
  • Any distant metastasis detected by CT or ultrasound
  • Patients with a history of previous malignant disease. Exceptions should be made for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Exceptions should also be made for curatively treated malignant disease, which has been disease free for the past 5 years.
  • Previous chemotherapy or randomised in SPCG 12/AdPro or SPCG 13/AdRad (SPCG: Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group).
  • Systemic corticosteroids within 6 months prior to randomisation.
  • Unstable cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, within 6 months prior to randomisation.
  • Active untreated infectious disease, including tuberculosis, MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Active gastric ulcer.
  • Known hypersensitivity to Polysorbate 80 (an excipient of docetaxel)
  • Other serious illness or medical condition
  • Symptomatic peripheral neuropathy ≥ CTCAE grade 2.
  • Patients who by altered physical or psychological state not are able to co-operate or participate in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03119857

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Copenhagen University hospital, Rigshospitalet
Copenhagen, Denmark
Kuopio University Hospital
Kuopio, Kuopio Kuopio, Finland, 70211
Turku University Hospital
Turku, Finland, 20521
Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 3015 CE
Sahlgrenska University Hospital
Göteborg, Sweden, 41345
Sponsors and Collaborators
Göteborg University
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Västra götalands regionen (Huvudman)
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Principal Investigator: Andreas Josefsson, PhD Univeristy of Gothenburg
Principal Investigator: Ingela Turesson, Prof Uppsala University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Andreas Josefsson, PI, Göteborg University Identifier: NCT03119857    
Other Study ID Numbers: version 1.6
First Posted: April 19, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021
Keywords provided by Andreas Josefsson, Göteborg University:
Non-metastatic Prostate Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases
Urogenital Diseases
Prostatic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Androgen Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs