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A Study in Adult Patients With Type I, III or IV Osteogenesis Imperfecta Treated With BPS804 (ASTEROID)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03118570
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2017
Results First Posted : March 2, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Mereo BioPharma
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to select a suitable dose of BPS804 by measuring the strength/quality of bone using a special type of CT scanner. Participants will be treated for 12 months and followed up for a further 12 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Type I Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type III Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type IV Drug: setrusumab Dietary Supplement: Calcium Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D Drug: zoledronic acid (optional) Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study was previously posted by Mereo Biopharma and was transferred to Ultragenyx in February 2021.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 112 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Double-blind, Dose-finding Study, incorporating an open-label substudy
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Sponsor will be masked until the primary analysis of the study except for open-label substudy treatment arm. The study site pharmacist will be unmasked to treatment allocation throughout. Study treatment will be monitored by a separate unmasked monitoring team.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2b, Multicentre, Multinational, Double-blind, Dose-finding Study, Incorporating an Open Label Substudy, in Adult Patients With Type I, III or IV Osteogenesis Imperfecta Treated With Setrusumab (BPS804)
Actual Study Start Date : September 11, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : November 12, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Setrusumab 20 mg/kg (Blinded)
Setrusumab 20 mg/kg intravenous (IV) infusion once a month for 12 months plus 500 mg calcium oral tablets and 800 IU vitamin D capsules.
Drug: setrusumab
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: BPS804

Dietary Supplement: Calcium
tablets

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
capsules

Drug: zoledronic acid (optional)
Following completion of the study treatment (Month 12) participants can receive an optional single dose of zoledronic acid. Participants can receive an optional further dose of zoledronic acid at Month 18 at the discretion of their treating physician.

Experimental: Setrusumab 8 mg/kg (Blinded)
Setrusumab 8 mg/kg IV infusion once a month for 12 months plus 500 mg calcium oral tablets and 800 IU vitamin D capsules.
Drug: setrusumab
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: BPS804

Dietary Supplement: Calcium
tablets

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
capsules

Drug: zoledronic acid (optional)
Following completion of the study treatment (Month 12) participants can receive an optional single dose of zoledronic acid. Participants can receive an optional further dose of zoledronic acid at Month 18 at the discretion of their treating physician.

Experimental: Setrusumab 2 mg/kg (Blinded)
Setrusumab 2 mg/kg IV infusion once a month for 12 months plus 500 mg calcium oral tablets and 800 IU vitamin D capsules.
Drug: setrusumab
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: BPS804

Dietary Supplement: Calcium
tablets

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
capsules

Drug: zoledronic acid (optional)
Following completion of the study treatment (Month 12) participants can receive an optional single dose of zoledronic acid. Participants can receive an optional further dose of zoledronic acid at Month 18 at the discretion of their treating physician.

Experimental: Setrusumab 20 mg/kg (Open-Label)
Setrusumab 20 mg/kg IV infusion once a month for 12 months plus 500 mg calcium oral tablets and 800 IU vitamin D capsules.
Drug: setrusumab
Intravenous infusion
Other Name: BPS804

Dietary Supplement: Calcium
tablets

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
capsules

Drug: zoledronic acid (optional)
Following completion of the study treatment (Month 12) participants can receive an optional single dose of zoledronic acid. Participants can receive an optional further dose of zoledronic acid at Month 18 at the discretion of their treating physician.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo IV infusion once a month for 12 months plus 500 mg calcium oral tablets and 800 IU vitamin D capsules.
Dietary Supplement: Calcium
tablets

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
capsules




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Radial Trabecular Volumetric Bone Mineral Density (Tr vBMD) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12 (end of treatment [EOT]) ]
    Assessed by high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT). HRpQCT scans were performed on the participant's distal non-dominant arm. In cases of an arm that had been supported with rods or had significant deformity, the dominant limb was selected. Data presents the ratio of the means between the visit and Baseline from analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).

  2. Change From Baseline in Radial Bone Strength (Failure Load) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12 (EOT) ]
    Assessed by finite element analysis (FEA) of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.

  3. Change From Baseline in Radial Bone Strength (Stiffness) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12 (EOT) ]
    Assessed by FEA of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Tr VBMD Over Time: Full Analysis Set [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT), 18, 24 ]
    Assessed by HRpQCT. HRpQCT scans were performed on the participant's distal non-dominant arm. In cases of an arm that had been supported with rods or had significant deformity, the dominant limb was selected. Data presented is the ratio of the means between the Visit and Baseline from ANCOVA.

  2. Changes From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Tr VBMD at Months 6 and 12: Open-Label Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    Assessed by HRpQCT. HRpQCT scans were performed on the participant's distal non-dominant arm. In cases of an arm that had been supported with rods or had significant deformity, the dominant limb was selected. Data presented is the ratio of the means between the Visit and Baseline from ANCOVA.

  3. Changes From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Bone Strength (Failure Load) Over Time: Full Analysis Set [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT), 18, 24 ]
    Assessed by FEA of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.

  4. Changes From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Bone Strength (Failure Load) at Months 6 and 12: Open-Label Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    Assessed by FEA of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.

  5. Changes From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Bone Strength (Stiffness) Over Time: Full Analysis Set [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT), 18, 24 ]
    Assessed by FEA of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.

  6. Changes From Baseline in Radial and Tibial Bone Strength (Stiffness) at Months 6 and 12: Open-Label Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    Assessed by FEA of models generated from HRpQCT images of the distal radius.

  7. Percentage of Participants With at Least 1 New Fracture (Peripheral, Vertebral, Long-Bone, Any) at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Month 12 (EOT) ]
    Fracture assessment, confirmed by central radiographic reading, was carried out for peripheral including all major long bones, minor bone (digits, ribs) and vertebral fractures. Fractures without clinical symptoms, detected only by means of radiographic investigations, were not included in the analysis.

  8. Change From Baseline in Lumbar, Total Body, and Femoral Neck Bone Mineral Density (BMD) T-score at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6 ]
    BMD was evaluated by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). T-Score was calculated based on actual measured bone density value. T-scores are standardized scores that reflect the standard deviations (SDs) above/below the normal mean for young adults. A score of 50 indicates the population mean with a standard deviation of 10. A positive change in DXA T-score indicates an improvement in BMD.

  9. Change From Baseline in Lumbar, Total Body, and Femoral Neck BMD at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6 ]
    BMD was evaluated by DXA.

  10. Change From Baseline in Lumbar, Total Body, and Femoral Neck BMD T-score at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12 (EOT) ]
    BMD was evaluated by DXA. T-Score was calculated based on actual measured bone density value. T-scores are standardized scores that reflect the standard deviations (SDs) above/below the normal mean for young adults. A score of 50 indicates the population mean with a standard deviation of 10. A positive change in DXA T-score indicates an improvement in BMD.

  11. Change From Baseline in Lumbar, Total Body, and Femoral Neck BMD at Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12 (EOT) ]
    BMD was evaluated by DXA.

  12. Change From Baseline in Total vBMD (Radial and Tibial) Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT), 18, and 24 ]
    Assessed by HRpQCT. HRpQCT scans were performed on the participant's distal non-dominant arm. In cases of an arm that had been supported with rods or had significant deformity, the dominant limb was selected. Data presented is the ratio of the means between the Visit and Baseline from ANCOVA.

  13. Change From Baseline in Cortical vBMD (Radial and Tibial) Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT), 18, and 24 ]
    Assessed by HRpQCT. HRpQCT scans were performed on the participant's distal non-dominant arm. In cases of an arm that had been supported with rods or had significant deformity, the dominant limb was selected. Data presented is the ratio of the means between the Visit and Baseline from ANCOVA.

  14. Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Changes From Baseline in Body Height, Weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) at 6 and 12 Months: Full Analysis Set [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6, Month 12 (EOT) ]
  15. Change From Baseline in Lean and Fat Body Mass From Whole Body at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    Lean and fat body mass was evaluated using whole body DXA (including the head).

  16. Change From Baseline in Amino-Terminal Propeptide of Type 1 Procollagen (P1NP) up to Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 (EOT) ]
  17. Change From Baseline in Carboxy-Terminal Telo-Peptide [CTX-1] up to Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 (EOT) ]
  18. Change From Baseline in Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12) Physical Component Summary Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    The SF-12 is a generic, 12-item survey that measures 8 domains of health: physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems, and mental health. It yields scale scores for each of these 8 domains and 2 summary measures of physical and mental health: The Physical Component Summary and the Mental Component Summary. The total score for the Physical Component Summary ranges from 0 to 100, where higher scores reflect better physical functioning.

  19. Change From Baseline in SF-12 Mental Component Summary Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    The SF-12 is a generic, 12-item survey that measures 8 domains of health: physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health, bodily pain, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems, and mental health. It yields scale scores for each of these 8 domains and 2 summary measures of physical and mental health: The Physical Component Summary and the Mental Component Summary. The total score for the Mental Component Summary ranges from 0 to 100, where higher scores reflect better mental health functioning.

  20. Change From Baseline in Index (Utility) Score on EuroQol 5-Dimension 5-Level Descriptive System (EQ-5D-5L) Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6 and 12 (EOT) ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a standardised measure of health status comprised of a descriptive system of 5 health-related quality of life states (i.e., mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of overall health. Each dimension is rated on a 5-point response scale indicating severity of problems, where 1 is "no problems" and 5 is "extreme problems". The 5 questions are scored and together contribute to the EQ-5D index (utility) score between 0 and 1 (1 being perfect health).

  21. Change From Baseline in Osteogenesis Imperfecta Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adults (OIQoL-A) Total Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    The OIQoL-A measures 5 areas of quality of life related to OI (Physical Function, Pain, Hearing Loss, Taking Care/Concerns, Social and Family Life and Activities). The total score is calculated on a 0-100 scale, where higher scores indicate a greater (negative) impact on quality of life.

  22. Change From Baseline in OIQoL-A Pain Subscale Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    The OIQoL-A measures 5 areas of quality of life related to OI (Physical Function, Pain, Hearing Loss, Taking Care/Concerns, Social and Family Life and Activities). The Pain subscale ranges from 0 to 10, with higher value representing worse pain.

  23. Change From Baseline in OIQoL-A Activity Subscale Score at Months 6 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12 (EOT) ]
    The OIQoL-A measures 5 areas of quality of life related to OI (Physical Function, Pain, Hearing Loss, Taking Care/Concerns, Social and Family Life and Activities). The Activities subscale ranges from 0 to 100, with higher value representing increased difficulty.

  24. Percentage of Participants Who Were Positive for Anti-Setrusumab Antibodies at Any Time During the Study up to Month 14 [ Time Frame: up to Month 14 ]
    Serum samples were screened for antibodies binding to setrusumab using a validated assay method by or under the supervision of the sponsor.

  25. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs), Treatment-Emergent AEs (TEAEs), Serious TEAEs, and TEAEs Leading to Discontinuation or Death [ Time Frame: Non-serious AEs: up to Month 14; Serious AEs: up to Month 24. (Average duration of exposure to placebo was 5 months and for setrusumab was 11 month plus follow-up to 24 months.) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence, which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with treatment. A serious AE (SAE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose: results in death; is life-threatening; requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in persistent disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; is another important medical event. The intensity for each AE was graded as mild, moderate or severe, according to the investigator's judgement. An event was considered related to study drug if there were a "reasonable possibility" of a relationship, according to the investigator's clinical judgment. A TEAE was defined as an event occurring or worsening on or after the first dose of study medication.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a clinical diagnosis of OI Type I, III or IV with a confirmed defect in the COL1A1/COL1A2 genes, as confirmed by genetic testing
  • One or more fractures in the past 5 years
  • Capable of giving signed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of skeletal malignancies or other bone diseases (other than OI)
  • History of neural foraminal stenosis (except if due to scoliosis)
  • History of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack
  • History of endocrine or thyroid/parathyroid conditions that could affect bone metabolism
  • Treatment with bisphosphonates within 3 months of randomisation
  • Treatment with teraparatide, denosumab or other anabolic/anti-reabsorptive medications within 6 months of randomisation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03118570


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Mereo Investigator Site
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Florida
Mereo Investigator Site
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
United States, Maryland
Mereo Investigator Site
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Mereo Investigator Site
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 012115
United States, Minnesota
Mereo Investigator Site
Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55101
United States, Missouri
Mereo Investigator Site
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Mexico
Mereo Investigator Site
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87106
United States, Ohio
Mereo Investigator Site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
United States, Oregon
Mereo Investigator Site
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
United States, Pennsylvania
Mereo Investigator Site
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15225
United States, Tennessee
Mereo Investigator Site
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Texas
Mereo Investigator Site
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Canada, Ontario
Mereo Investigator Site
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canada, Quebec
Mereo Investigator Site
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Mereo Investigator Site
Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Denmark
Mereo Investigator Site
Aarhus, Denmark
Mereo Investigator Site
Odense, Denmark
France
Mereo Investigator Site
Paris, Paris Cedex 14, France
Mereo Investigator Site
Lyon, France
Mereo Investigator Site
Paris, France
United Kingdom
Mereo Investigator Site
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom
Mereo Investigator Site
Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Mereo Investigator Site
Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Mereo Investigator Site
Bristol, United Kingdom
Mereo Investigator Site
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc
Mereo BioPharma
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Mereo BioPharma
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 19, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 22, 2019

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Responsible Party: Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03118570    
Other Study ID Numbers: MBPS205
2016-005096-27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 18, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 2, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 2, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc:
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Brittle Bone Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Osteochondrodysplasias
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Collagen Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Vitamin D
Zoledronic Acid
Calcium
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Bone Density Conservation Agents