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Trial of Plitidepsin (Aplidin®) in Combination With Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Multiple Myeloma Patients Double Refractory to Bortezomib and Lenalidomide

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03117361
Recruitment Status : Terminated (PharmaMar has decided to end this study due to the slow recruitment rate of the trial)
First Posted : April 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
This is a multi-center, open-label, single arm, non-comparative phase II trial, designed to evaluate the efficacy of plitidepsin in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in patients with Multiple Myeloma (MM) double refractory to bortezomib and lenalidomide.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: plitidepsin Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a multi-center, open-label, single arm, non-comparative phase II trial, designed to evaluate the efficacy of plitidepsin in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in patients with MM double refractory to bortezomib and lenalidomide.The primary endpoint will be overall response rate (ORR), including stringent complete response (sCR), complete response (CR), very good partial response (VGPR) and partial response (PR).

Approximately 64 evaluable patients will be needed for the evaluation of the primary endpoint, ORR.

An early futility analysis will be performed with the efficacy data collected from the first 20 evaluable patients. The futility analysis will commence once patient number 20 has completed two full treatment cycles. Patient recruitment will not be halted during the conduct of this futility analysis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Plitidepsin (Aplidin®) in Combination With Bortezomib and Dexamethasone in Multiple Myeloma Patients Double Refractory to Bortezomib and Lenalidomide
Actual Study Start Date : November 15, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental

Plitidepsin + bortezomib + dexamethasone

Plitidepsin will be administered as a 3-hour intravenous (i.v.) infusion on Day(D) 1 and 15 , every four weeks (q4wk)

Bortezomib will be administered as a bolus subcutaneous (s.c.) injection on D 1, 4, 8 and 11,q4wk

Dexamethasone will be taken orally on D1,8,15 and 22, q4wk

Drug: plitidepsin
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Dexamethasone

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of plitidepsin in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in terms of overall response rate (ORR) in patients with MM double refractory to bortezomib and lenalidomide [ Time Frame: Day 1 of each therapy cycle ]
    Response or disease progression will be assessed on D1 of each therapy cycle according to the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria with evaluation of serological myeloma specific markers: M-protein, serum FLC and IF from blood and urine. When serological markers indicate Complete Response (CR), a bone marrow (BM) aspirate or biopsy will be performed. Also, a skeletal survey will be performed to confirm no increase in size or number of lytic bone lesions (development of a compression fracture does not exclude response)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must give written informed consent (IC) in accordance with institutional and local guidelines.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years.
  3. Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of MM according to the Durie and Salmon criteria.
  4. Patients must have measurable disease defined as any of the following:

    1. Serum M-protein ≥ 0.5 g/dL or ≥ 0.2 g/24-h urine light chain (UFLC) excretion.
    2. In patients who lack measureable M-protein in serum or urine, i.e., serum M-protein < 0.5 g/dL and urine M-protein < 0.2 g/24 h, serum free light chain (SFLC) levels are most informative. SFLC levels can be used only if the baseline SFLC ratio is abnormal (<0.26 or >1.65), indicating clonality. In addition, the baseline SFLC level must be ≥10 mg/dl of the appropriate involved light chain isotype.
    3. When applicable, measurable soft tissue plasmacytoma ≥ 2 cm, by either physical examination and/or applicable radiological evaluation (i.e., magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], computed tomography [CT]-scan).
  5. Prior autologous and/or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients are allowed. Patients must not have acute/chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or be receiving immunosuppressive therapy at least 90 days before the onset of treatment with the trial drug(s).
  6. Patients must have received previous treatment with bortezomib and lenalidomide and be refractory to both.
  7. Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤ 2.
  8. Recovery to grade ≤ 1 from any non-hematological adverse event (AE) derived from previous treatment (if present, alopecia and peripheral neuropathy must be grade <1).
  9. Laboratory data:

    1. Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL.
    2. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3 (1.0 x 109/L) (≥ 0.5 x 109/L if due to extensive bone marrow [BM] involvement by ≥ 50% of plasma cells in BM biopsy). Screening of ANC should be independent of granulocyte- and granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF and GM-CSF) support for at least one week and of pegylated G-CSF for at least two weeks.
    3. Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm3 (50.0 x 109/L) for patients in whom < 50% of the BM nucleated cells are plasma cells.
    4. Platelet count ≥ 25,000/mm3 (25.0 x 109/L) for patients in whom ≥ 50% of BM nucleated cells are plasma cells.
    5. Serum total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (except when Gilbert syndrome is clearly documented and other liver function tests are within normal levels).
    6. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 x institutional ULN and alkaline phosphatase (AP) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN.
    7. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 30 mL/min, measured or calculated according to Cockcroft and Gault's formula.
    8. Albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dl.
  10. Evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within seven days prior to enrolment and must agree to use a highly effective contraceptive measure throughout the trial and during six months after treatment discontinuation. Male patients enrolled in the study should also use contraceptive methods during and after treatment discontinuation.
  11. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 45%.
  12. Patients must have a BM assessment within three weeks prior to enrolment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous treatment with plitidepsin.
  2. Active or metastatic primary malignancy other than MM.
  3. Serious concomitant systemic disorders that would compromise the safety of the patient or the patient's ability to complete the trial, including the following specific conditions:

    1. Uncontrolled psychiatric illness or medical illness that the Investigator feels will compromise the patient's tolerance of the trial medication.
    2. Significant non-neoplastic liver disease.
    3. Uncontrolled endocrine diseases (i.e., requiring relevant changes in medication within the last month, or hospital admission within the last three months).
    4. Uncontrolled systemic infection.
    5. Acute infiltrative pulmonary and pericardial disease.
  4. Other relevant cardiac conditions:

    1. Symptomatic arrhythmia (excluding anemia-related grade ≤ 2 sinusal tachycardia) or any arrhythmia requiring ongoing treatment, and/or prolonged grade ≥ 2 QT-QTc; or presence of unstable atrial fibrillation (according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for the Classification of Adverse Events [NCI-CTCAE] v4.0). Patients on treatment for stable atrial fibrillation are allowed, provided they do not meet any other cardiac or prohibited drug exclusion criterion.
    2. History or presence of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease, cardiac amyloidosis or congestive heart failure within the last 12 months.
    3. Uncontrolled arterial hypertension (≥ 150/100 mmHg) despite optimal medical therapy.
    4. Previous treatment with doxorubicin at cumulative doses of > 400 mg/m², or equivalent.
  5. History of hypersensitivity reactions and/or intolerance to bortezomib, polyoxyl 35 castor oil, mannitol, boron or dexamethasone.
  6. Myopathy or any clinical situation that causes significant and persistent elevation of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) (> 2.5 ULN) in two different determinations performed within one week of each other.
  7. Grade ≥ 1 neuropathy (either bortezomib-related or not) according to NCI-CTCAE v4.0.
  8. Any other major illness that, in the Investigator's judgment, will substantially increase the risk associated with the patients' participation in this trial.
  9. Pregnant and/or lactating women.
  10. Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (HIV testing is not required unless infection is clinically suspected).
  11. Active hepatitis B or C virus (HBV or HCV) infection.
  12. Treatment with any Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) in the 30 days before inclusion in the trial.
  13. Concomitant medications that include corticosteroids, chemotherapy (CT), or other therapy that is or may be active against myeloma. Concurrent corticosteroids are allowed as an equivalent to a prednisone dose of ≤ 10 mg daily, administered as an antiemetic or as premedication for blood products.
  14. Wash-out periods after the end of the previous therapy:

    1. Nitrosoureas must be discontinued six weeks prior to Cycle (C) 1, D1.
    2. Thirty days for other CTs and 15 days for other biological agents prior to C1 D1.
    3. Thirty days after the end of any prior radiation or radionuclide therapy (six weeks in the case of prior extensive external beam radiation, with more than 25% of BM distribution).
  15. Plasma cell leukemia at the time of trial entry.
  16. Disease-related symptomatic hypercalcemia despite optimal medical therapy.
  17. Limitation of the patient's ability to comply with the treatment or follow-up protocol.
  18. Contraindication to use steroids.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03117361

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CHRU de Lille - Hôpital Claude Huriez
Lille, France, 59037
Institut Gustave Roussy
Villejuif, France, 94800
Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele Hospital
Catania, Italy, 95123
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori
Meldola, Italy, 47014
Azienda Ospedaliera Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino
Torino, Italy, 00126
Hospital Universitario Germans Trias i Pujol
Badalona, Barcelona, Spain, 08916
Clinica Universidad de Navarra
Pamplona, Navarra, Spain, 31008
Institut Català d´Oncologia Girona
Girona, Spain, 17007
Institut Català d´Oncologia L´Hospitalet
Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain, 08908
Hospital General Universitario J.M. Morales Meseguer
Murcia, Spain, 30008
Hospital Universitario de Salamanca
Salamanca, Spain, 37007
Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago
Santiago De Compostela, Spain, 15706
Complejo Hospitalario Regional Virgen Del Rocio
Sevilla, Spain, 41013
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Responsible Party: PharmaMar Identifier: NCT03117361    
Other Study ID Numbers: APL-B-022-15
First Posted: April 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 20, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by PharmaMar:
multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents