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Statin Monotherapy for Treatment of Endocrine Metabolic Disease Risk (RoBaCO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03113994
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The Craig H. Neilsen Foundation
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
University Health Network, Toronto
University of Miami
Rick Hansen Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. B. Catharine. Craven, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute

Brief Summary:

Rationale: After having a spinal cord injury (SCI), people develop changes in their body composition that influences their long-term health. Individuals with paralysis after SCI will have large declines in their bone density ant increases in fat mass which increases their risk of fracture and heart disease. Therapies to prevent SCI-related changes in body composition and their health effects are needed. Drugs known as "statins" used often to reduce high cholesterol, may help to reduce bone loss and inflammation.

Hypothesis: Among adults with SCI for a long time, treatment with a drug named Rosuvastatin or a sugar pill, with supplements (coenzyme Q10, calcium and vitamin D), for twelve months can decrease their endocrine metabolic disease risk by increasing bone density and reducing inflammation.

Study Design: A clinical trial will be conducted in Toronto, Ontario and Miami, Florida. Subjects will get statin therapy or placebo (sugar pill) by chance. Study subjects and research staff will not know whether they are taking the study drug or a sugar pill until after the study

Subjects: Fifty-four adults (age 18-60 years) with a long-term SCI and no movement below their level of injury.

Treatment: Subjects will be prescribed Rosuvastatin 10 mg daily or a sugar pill. In addition, all subjects will receive 100 mg of Co-Q10 daily, calcium carbonate 1250 mg and, vitamin D 2,000 IU once a day.

Data Collected: Subjects' bone density will be collected at the start and end of the study. Change in bone density between the two groups will be compared to see if one is better. Blood samples will be collected quarterly to make sure subjects are safe and do not develop problems with their liver or muscles and to measure the effects of the study drugs on inflammation throughout the body.

Clinical Implications: Statins may be safe and effective therapy for adults living with SCI who are at increased risk of endocrine metabolic disease as they age.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Cord Injuries Osteoporosis Metabolic Syndrome Drug: Rosuvastatin Calcium Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet Dietary Supplement: Coenzyme Q10 Dietary Supplement: Calcium Carbonate Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Rationale: Individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury (SCI) undergo dramatic changes in body composition in the first 18 months post-injury, including declines in bone mineral density (BMD) that increase lower-extremity fragility fracture risk, and increases in fat mass that increase cardio-metabolic disease (CMD) risk. While statins are an effective treatment for dyslipidemia, research evidence suggests additional pleiotropic effects on bone through promotion of osteogenesis, suppression of osteoblast apoptosis, and inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. There are currently no effective therapies to treat sublesional osteoporosis (SLOP) and reduce the risk of fragility fractures in individuals with SCI.

Hypothesis: Twelve months of statin therapy with concurrent coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), to reduce risk of statin neuromyotoxicity, and standard care (calcium 1250mg OD and vitamin D3 2000IU OD) will be superior to placebo with CoQ10 and standard care, for augmenting knee region BMD and reducing inflammatory stress (hs-CRP), thereby reducing endocrine metabolic disease risk.

Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of statin therapy for augmenting distal femoral BMD among adults with chronic motor-complete SCI in Toronto, Ontario and Miami, Florida.

Study Design: Multi-centre, double-blind, randomized controlled Phase II safety and efficacy trial.

Subjects: Consenting men and premenopausal women (N=54, age 18-60 yrs) with chronic (≥2 years) spinal cord injury with a neurological level between C1-T10 and an AIS category of A/B.

Intervention: Rosuvastatin 10 mg po daily at night versus placebo for 12 months. All subjects will receive osteoporosis standard care (calcium carbonate 1250mg po daily and vitamin D3 2000 IU po daily) to maintain bone mass and CoQ10 100mg po daily to prevent statin-induced myopathy.

Outcomes: Primary safety outcomes: i) establish the safety of rosuvastatin in chronic SCI by reporting the frequency of myotoxicity and type II diabetes onset; ii) frequency and mean duration of liver transaminase elevations in the rosuvastatin and placebo groups. Primary efficacy outcome: measure the mean between group absolute changes in distal femur areal BMD (aBMD, g/cm2) from baseline to one year. Secondary efficacy outcomes: will examine the mean absolute changes from baseline in: i) volumetric BMD (vBMD, g/cm3); ii) markers of bone turnover - Bone Specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), telopeptide (CTX), Sclerostin and RANK Ligand (RANK-L); iii) serum inflammatory markers including high sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hs-CRP), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor - alpha (TNF-alpha), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR); and, iv) lipid profile; low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), triglycerides, and total cholesterol Clinical Implications: Should rosuvastatin prove to be safe and efficacious for reducing endocrine metabolic disease risk for adults with chronic SCI, the results will advance the health of people with SCI by reducing the frequency and severity of heart disease and fracture as they age, with a single intervention.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Efficacy and Safety of Rosuvastatin for Modifying Bone Mass and Cardiometabolic Disease Outcomes
Actual Study Start Date : February 26, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Rosuvastatin Drug: Rosuvastatin Calcium
10mg Rosuvastatin, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Coenzyme Q10
100mg CoQ10, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Calcium Carbonate
1250mg Calcium Carbonate, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
2000IU Vitamin D, daily for 12 months

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Placebo, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Coenzyme Q10
100mg CoQ10, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Calcium Carbonate
1250mg Calcium Carbonate, daily for 12 months

Dietary Supplement: Vitamin D
2000IU Vitamin D, daily for 12 months




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in areal BMD of the knee region [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Dual Xray Absorptiometry (DXA) Assessment of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) of the knee region


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline in Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of LDL

  2. Change from Baseline in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of HDL

  3. Change from Baseline in triglycerides (TG) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of TG

  4. Change from Baseline in total cholesterol [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of cholesterol

  5. Change from Baseline in High sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hsCRP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of hsCRP

  6. Change from Baseline in Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of IL-1ß

  7. Change from Baseline in interleukin-6 (IL-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of IL-6

  8. Change from Baseline in tumor necrosis factor - alpha (TNF-alpha) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of TNF-alpha

  9. Change from Baseline in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of ESR

  10. Change from Baseline in Bone Specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of BALP

  11. Change from Baseline in C-telopeptide (CTX) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of CTX

  12. Change from Baseline in Sclerostin [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of Sclerostin

  13. Change from Baseline in RANK Ligand (RANK-L) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6 months and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Serum assessment of RANK-L

  14. Change from Baseline in volumetric BMD of the tibia (pQCT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) assessment - Toronto Site Only

  15. Change from Baseline in volumetric BMD of the tibia (HR-pQCT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    High Resolution Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (HR-pQCT) assessment - Toronto Site Only


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in visceral adipose tissue [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Whole Body DXA assessment of body composition

  2. Changes in lean mass [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Whole Body DXA assessment of body composition

  3. Changes in aortic arterial stiffness [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months (or study completion) ]
    Assessment of Aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (aPWV)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult (age 18-60 years)
  • Motor complete SCI (C1-T10 AIS A/B)
  • 2 years post-injury
  • Have a telephone, and ability to attend the study visits
  • Able to take oral medications and swallow independently
  • Can provide free and informed consent
  • Ability to understand instructions in English

Exclusion Criteria:

These criteria are intended to exclude those in whom; Rosuvastatin would be unsafe, DXA/pQCT measurement or biomarker assessment would be invalid, or in whom other co-morbid health conditions may confound the study results. Exclusion criteria include:

  • Current and/or one year prior to enrolment treatment with any statin such as atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin and rosuvastatin.
  • Current treatment with an oral or IV bisphosphonate, denosumab, recombinant PTH, ovarian hormone therapy, an oral contraceptive, Immunosuppressants (Including Cyclosporine) and fusidic acid.
  • Known allergy to Rosuvastatin, lactose powder, CoQ10, calcium carbonate, vitamin D2 and vitamin D3, or any other ingredient found in rosuvastatin, placebo or study supplements.
  • History of Paget's disease, osteomalacia, steroid induced osteoporosis, or untreated parathyroid or untreated thyroid disease.
  • Subjects with history of stage 4 chronic kidney disease. (124)
  • Current Weight ≥136 kg.
  • Bilateral knee region metal implants (hardware), history of bilateral knee region contracture >30 degrees, fracture or any other bilateral knee region pathology which would preclude accurate DXA assessment of one limb.
  • Post-menopausal women (absence of menses for a minimum of 1 year).
  • Women with amenorrhea due to bilateral surgical removal of the ovaries and/or uterus (women with amenorrhea due to spinal cord injury are able to participate).
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  • Female of child-bearing potential who is engaged in active heterosexual relations and is not using appropriate birth control methods. Appropriate methods of birth control will include: surgical sterilization at least 6 months prior to using study drug or sexual activity restricted to a vasectomized partner, barrier contraception with a condom or diaphragm in conjunction with spermicidal gel in use at least 30 days prior to using study drug OR sexual abstinence as a lifestyle.
  • History of liver disease or abnormal Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) or Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), ≥1.5 times the upper limit of the normal reference range at enrolment.
  • History of symptomatic hypocalcemia or hypophosphatemia.
  • Concurrent treatment with prednisone (>7.5mg/day for 90 days).
  • Vitamin D deficiency (Serum Vitamin D level <75nmol/L) after completing 8 to 12 weeks of treatment for Vitamin D deficiency as per the Vitamin D correction protocol (Appendix Page 1).
  • History of heart attack or stroke.
  • Untreated hypertension defined as: elevated BP above (135/85mmHg) assessed with an automated blood pressure cuff at 3 distinct time points in a 7-10 day period.(125, 126)
  • Current alcohol or street drug abuse.
  • Any illness or condition interfering with the trial conduct or subject safety.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03113994


Contacts
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Contact: Masae Miyatani, PhD 416-597-3422 ext 6304 masae.miyatani@uhn.ca
Contact: Lindsie Blencowe, MSc 416-597-3422 ext 6301 lindsie.blencowe@uhn.ca

Locations
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United States, Florida
University Of Miami Miller School of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Contact: Luisa Betancourt, MD, MS    305-243-6320    lbetancourt@med.miami.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mark S Nash, Ph.D., FACSM         
Canada, Ontario
University Health Network - Toronto Rehab Lyndhurst Centre Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4G 3V9
Contact: Masae Miyatani, PhD    416-597-3422 ext 6304    masae.miyatani@uhn.ca   
Contact: Lindsie Blencowe, MSc    416-597-3422 ext 6301    lindsie.blencowe@uhn.ca   
Principal Investigator: Cathy Craven, BA, MD, MSc, FRCPC, CCD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dr. B. Catharine. Craven
The Craig H. Neilsen Foundation
Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
University Health Network, Toronto
University of Miami
Rick Hansen Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: B. Catharine Craven, BA, MD, FRCPC, MSc Toronto Rehabilitation Institute - UHN

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Responsible Party: Dr. B. Catharine. Craven, Clinician Scientist/Principal Investigator, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03113994     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-350642
First Posted: April 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Dr. B. Catharine. Craven, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute:
Spinal Cord Injury
Osteoporosis
Cardiometabolic Syndrome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoporosis
Spinal Cord Injuries
Metabolic Syndrome
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Vitamin D
Calcium, Dietary
Vitamins
Coenzyme Q10
Ubiquinone
Calcium Carbonate
Rosuvastatin Calcium
Calcium
Micronutrients
Nutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Anticholesteremic Agents